Human Anatomy Ch 4

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Author:
niebo1sl
ID:
102659
Filename:
Human Anatomy Ch 4
Updated:
2011-09-18 21:41:11
Tags:
Human Anatomy Physiology
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Ch4 questions
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  1. Metabolism
    The total of all chemical reactions that occur in the body
  2. Anabolic reaction
    Synthesis of molecules
  3. Catabolic reaction
    breakdown of molecules
  4. Bioenergetics
    converting foodstuffs (fats, proteins, carbohydrates) into energy
  5. Cell membrane
    protective barrier between interior of
  6. Nucleus
    contains genes that regulate
  7. Cytoplasm
    • fluid portion of cell
    • contains organelles
  8. The capacity for work
    • a dynamic state related to change
    • its presence emerges when a change occurs
  9. Breaks down carbohydrates.
    Glycolysis
  10. Organic molecule that transfers energy
    ATP
  11. Process that requires energy
    Active transport
  12. Process by which oxygen combines with another chemical
    Oxidation
  13. a double stranded polymer of nucleotides
    DNA
  14. part of a DNA molecule that encodes information
    Gene
  15. RNA that transmits information for a protein's amino acid sequence
    messanger RNA
  16. single stranded polymer of nucleiotides
    RNA
  17. Complex set of genetic instructions for an organism
    Genome
  18. Part of an enzyme molecule that temporarily binds a substrate
    Active site
  19. the ability to do work
    Energy
  20. protein that catalyzes a specific biochemical reaction
    Enzyme
  21. The combined chemical reactions in the cells that use or release energy
    Metabolism
  22. target of enzyme action
    Substrate

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