Exam 1 Zoology

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samanthaburnham
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102680
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Exam 1 Zoology
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2011-09-19 23:25:20
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zoology
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zoology
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  1. The study of amphibians and reptiles
    Herpetology
  2. The study of the funtions and their parts
    Physiology
  3. The interaction of organisms with their enviroment
    Ecology
  4. The study of the subcellualar detail of structure and function
    Molecular Biology
  5. The study of the developement of an animal from fertilized egg to birth or hatching
    Embryology
  6. The study of the structure of entire organisms and their parts
    Anatomy
  7. The study of the mechanism of the transmission of traits from parents to offsprings
    Genetics
  8. The study of structure and function of cells
    Cytology
  9. The study of tissues
    histology
  10. The study of animals that live in/on a host
    Parasitology
  11. The study of classifcation of and there evolutionary...
    Systematics
  12. The study of insects
    entomology
  13. The study of fishes
    ichthyology
  14. The study of birds
    ornithology
  15. The study of protazoa
    protozoology
  16. molecular bond in which electrons are shared / strongest type of bond
    covalent bonds
  17. electrons that have been "stolen" now opposite charges attract
    ionic bonds
  18. smallest unit of an element that ahas all the properties of that element
    atoms
  19. Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
    atomic number
  20. An atom that has ost or gained an electron an now has a charge
    ions
  21. negatively charged, subatomic particle
    electrons
  22. subatomic particle with no charge
    protons
  23. weakest type of bond between atoms
    hyrodroden bond
  24. sugars and straches
    carbonhydrates
  25. fats and oils, sterols
    lipids
  26. muscles and other tussues, enzymes
    proteins
  27. energy transfer, genetic information
    nucleotides and nucleic acids
  28. simple sugars are short chains of carbon
    carbohydrate
  29. chains may form rings
    carbohydrates
  30. rings are connected to from disaccharides or polysaccharides : starch is a plant polysaccharide for enegry storage / glycogen is the animal polysaccharide stored in our liver
    carbohydrates
  31. ________ have about 4.5 Calories of energy per gram
    Carbohydrates
  32. ___________ are mostly long chains of carbon with hydrogen attached to the carbons
    Lipids
  33. More than one chain may be attached to a foundation molecule
    Lipids
  34. Several rings are attached in sterols
    Lipids
  35. ___________ are efficient energy storage b/c 1 gram contains 9 Cal. of energy
    Lipids
  36. Nonpolar so insoluble in water
    Lipids
  37. composed of chains of amino acids
    Protein
  38. Level of structure of a protein that has a chain of AA connected end to end
    1 - Primary
  39. Level of structure of a protein that has chains coil or fold, held in place by H bonds
    2 - Secondary
  40. Level of structure of a protein that has helices and sheets arrange into main 3-d structure , held in place by H bonds and some covalent S-S bonds
    3 - terrriary
  41. 2 or more 3 subunits form a functional enzyme or stucture held together with H bondss
    4- quartenary
  42. special proteins that catalyze reactions that normally would happen very slowely
    Enzymes
  43. information storage system of organisms / code for making proteins / DNA & RNA / ATP
    Nucleic Acids
  44. What fish was introduced 1950's to improve fishing productivity
    Nile Perch
  45. What fish ate/outcompleted the native fish that caused near extinctions?
    Nile Perch
  46. What are the smallest independent unit of life
    Cells
  47. All ________ are composed of cells
    organism
  48. A protein helps molecules moving with the concentration gradient cross the membrane, does not require energy
    Simple Diffusion
  49. diffusion of water across semipermeable membrane
    Osmosis
  50. Movement of material out of a cell through a vesicle
    exocytosis
  51. movement of material into a cell in which the plasma membrane encloses the material by forming a vesicle
    Endocystosis
  52. cellular energy used to move move molecules across a membrane against the concnetration gradient
    Active Transport
  53. carrier proteins in a plasma membrane temporarily bind with molecules and help them pass across the membrane
    Facilitated diffusion
  54. essentailly protein free plasma more across capillary walls due to a pressure gradient across the wall
    Filteration
  55. organelles function a system, modify, package and distribute newly formed proteins and lipids
    Cytomembrane system
  56. houses organelles, serves as fluid medium for metabolifc reaction
    cytosol
  57. site of protein synthesis
    ribosomes
  58. storage and internal transport
    Endoplasmic recticulum
  59. sorts, packages, and routes cells synthesized products
    Glogi Apparatus
  60. digest materials
    Lysosomes
  61. converts energy into a form the cells can use (powerhouse)
    Mitochondria
  62. assists in cell movement, provides support site for binding of specfic enzymes
    Cytoskeleton
  63. move small particles past fixed cells and are major form of locomotion in some cells
    Cilia and flagella
  64. produces and controls the spindle fibers mitotic division
    Centrioles
  65. storageg site of food and other compounds, pumps water out of the cell
    Vacuoles
  66. pack at nuclues pores, pick up molecules synthezise in the nucleus and deliver their load to various places with in the cell
    Vaults
  67. all chromosome are lined up at the spondle equator
    chromosomes are maximally condensed
    Metaphase
  68. sister chromatidsd of each chromosomes are pulled apart
    once seperated, each chromatid is a chromosomes
    Anaphase
  69. Chromosomes decondense
    two nucleae membranes from, one around each set of unduplicated chromosome
    Telophase
  70. Period of nuclear division
    two daughter nuclei
    Usaully followed by cytoplasmic dividsion
    Mitosis
  71. Germ cells undergo _________ and _________ division
    meiosis and cytoplsmic division
  72. Chromosomes number for Gametes are _________ (n)
    haploid
  73. Chromosomes number for Germs cells are _______ (2n)
    diploid
  74. each duplicated chromosome paors with homologue
    homologues swap segment
    Each chromosome becomes attached to spindle
    Prophase I
  75. Chromosomes are pushed and pulled into the middle of cell
    The spindle is fully formed
    Metaphase I
  76. Homologous chromosome segreated
    The sister chromatids remain attached to each other
    Anaphase I
  77. The Cromosomes arrive at oppise poles
    Usually follwed by cytoplasmic division
    Telophase I
  78. Mictrotubules attach at the centromere of the duplicated chromosomes
    Prophase II
  79. Duplicated chromosomes line up at the spindle equator, midway between the poles
    Metaphase II
  80. Sister chromatids separate to become independent chromosomes
    Anaphase II
  81. The chromosomes arrive at opposite ends of the cell
    a nuclear envelope forms around each set of chromosomes
    four haploid cell result
    Telophase II
  82. Level of organization in order of increasing complexity
    • atoms
    • simple molecules
    • macromolecules
    • membrane
    • organells
    • cells
    • tissues
    • organ
    • organ system
    • animal
  83. Why was a new species of fish introduced?
    improve fishing productivity
  84. Why did alegae get out of control in the lakes?
    it was unchecked
  85. How did the introduction of the newe fish result in deforestation?
    extra wood needed to dry oily perch flesh
  86. what is the complementary DNA bases for CTAG
    GATC
  87. what are the he complementary RNA bases CTAG
    GAUC
  88. 1st ammo acid sequence
    Met
  89. 2nd ammo acid sequence
    Ser
  90. 3rd ammo acid sequence
    Ala
  91. 4th ammo acid sequence
    Ile
  92. 5th ammo acid sequence
    Ser
  93. 6th ammo acid sequence
    His
  94. 7th ammo acid sequence
    Val
  95. 8th ammo acid sequence
    Tyr

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