med term final exam

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abnrml101
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med term final exam
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2009-11-25 17:11:00
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medical terminology
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final exam
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  1. WHAT IS THE CORRECT ORDER OF BLOOD FLOW THROUGH THE HEART?
    RIGHT ATRIUM, RIGHT VENTRICLE, LUNGS, LEFT ATRIUM, LEFT VENTRICLE
  2. THE TERM MEANING WHITE BLOOD CELL?
    LEUKOCYTE
  3. KNOWN AS THE NATURAL PACEMAKER, THE PROPER NAME IS?
    SIANOATRIAL NODE (SA NODE)
  4. THE MYOCARDIUM RECIEVES BLOOD FLOW FROM THE?
    CORONARY ARTERIES
  5. A BLOOD CLOT ATTACHED TO THE INTERIOR WALL OF AN ARTERY OR VEIN IS AN?
    THROMBUS
  6. THE SYSTEMIC DISEASE CAUSED BY THE SPREAD OF MICRO ORGANISMS AND THIER TOXINS VIA THE CIRCULATING BLOOD IS KNOWN AS?
    SEPTICEMIA
  7. MEDICATIONS ADMINISTERED TO LOWER HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE ARE KNOWN AS?
    ANTIHYPERTENSIVES
  8. A BACTERIAL INFECTION OF THE INNER LAYER OF THE HEART IS KNOWN AS BACTERIAL?
    ENDOCARDITIS
  9. INFLIMATION OF THE VEIN IS KNOWN AS?
    PHLEBITIS
  10. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A TERM THAT DESCRIBES AN ABNORMALY FAST HEART BEAT?
    TACHYCARDIA
  11. TRUE/FALSE THE SUBSTANCE ALSO KNOWN AS GOOD CHOLESTEROL IS LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTIEN?
    FALSE
  12. TRUE/FALSE WHEN THE VENTRICALS OF THE HEART RELAX, SYSTOLIC PRESSURE ACCURES.
    FALSE
  13. WHAT IS THE HOLLOW MUSCULAR ORGAN?
    HEART
  14. WHAT IS THE CARDIAC MUSCLE?
    MYOCARDIUM
  15. WHAT IS THE EXTERNAL LAYER OF THE HEART?
    EPICARDIUM
  16. WHAT IS THE INNER LAYER OF THE HEART?
    ENDOCARDIUM
  17. WHAT IS THE SAC ENCLOSING THE HEART?
    PERICARDIUM
  18. DURING RESPIRATION THE EXCHANGE OF GASES TAKES PLACE THROUGH THE WALLS OF THE?
    ALVEOLI
  19. THE TERM MEANING SPITTING BLOOD OR BLOOD STAINED SPUTUM IS?
    HEMOPTYSIS
  20. WHICH TERM IS A SIGN THAT MEANS AN ABNORMALLY FAST RATE OF RESPIRATIONS?
    TACHYPNEA
  21. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING INVOLVES AN ATTACK IN WHICH MUSCLES OF THE AIRWAY CONTRACT?
    ASTHMA
  22. THE OUTERMOST LAYER OF THE PLEURA IS KNOWN AS THE?
    PARIETAL PLEURA
  23. THE SUBSTANCE THAT IS EJECTED THROUGH THE MOUTH THAT IS USED FOR DIAGNOSTIC PURPOSES IN RESPERATORY DISORDERS IS?
    SPUTUM
  24. THE SYMPTOM THAT IS A TERM COMMONLY KNOWN AS SHORTNESS OF BREATH IS?
    DYSPNEA
  25. THE FORM OF PNEUMONIA THAT CAN BE PREVENTED THROUGH THE FLU VACCINATION IS?
    VIRAL PNEUMONIA
  26. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE REASONS TO QUIT SMOKING?
    • LUNG CANCER
    • HEART DISEASE
    • COPD
    • ASTHMA
    • ALL OF THE ABOVE
  27. WHAT TERM MEANS AIR IN THE PLEURAL SPACE?
    PNEUMOTHORAX
  28. WHAT TERM MEANS BLOOD IN THE PLEURAL SPACE?
    HEMOTHORAX
  29. WHAT TERM MEANS HOARSNESS OR WEAKNESS OF VOICE?
    DYSPHONIA
  30. WHAT TERM MEANS A RUNNY NOSE OR A WATERY FLOW OF MUCUS FROM THE NOSE?
    RHINORRHEA
  31. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS CHARACTERISTIC OF COPD?
    • DECREASED TOTAL SURFACE OF THE ALVEOLI
    • ENLARGEMENT OF THE REMAINING ALVEOLI
    • PROGRESSIVE DESTRUCTIONOF THE ELASTIC CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    • BARREL CHEST
    • ALL OF THE ABOVE
  32. T/F A PHYSICIAN THAT SPECALIZES IN THE LNGS IS A PULMONOLOGIST?
    TRUE
  33. WHAT DISEASE OCCURES WHEN A FOREIGN SUBSTANCE SUCH AS VOMIT IS INHALED INTO THE LUNGS?
    ASPERATION PNEUMONIA
  34. WHAT DOES THE LIVER REMOVE FROM THE BLOOD STREAM?
    BILIRUBIN
  35. WHAT DOES THE GALLBLADDER STORE FOR LATER USE?
    BILE
  36. THE PROCESS OF BUILDING UP MOLECULES IS KNOWN AS?
    ANABOLISM
  37. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A CAUSE OF CIRROSIS OF THE LIVER?
    IBUPROFEN
  38. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MEANS VOMITING BLOOD?
    HEMATEMESIS
  39. T/F THE TERM MEANING INFLIMATION OF THE SMALL INTESTINES IS ENTERITIS?
    TRUE
  40. SURGICAL OF ALL OR PART OF THE STOMACH IS KNOWN AS A?
    GASTRECTOMY
  41. WHAT TERM MEANS DIFFICULTY SWALLOWING?
    DYSPHAGIA
  42. THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF ALL OR PART OF THE COLON?
    COLECTOMY
  43. THE PROGRESSIVE DEGENERATION OF THE LIVER IN WHICH SCAR TISSUE REPLACES NORMAL TISSUE IS CALLED?
    CIRRHOSIS
  44. WHICH TEST DETECTS HIDDEN BLOOD IN THE STOOL?
    HEMOCCULT
  45. THE TERM MEANIN THE LACK OR LOSS OF APPETITE IS?
    ANOREXIA
  46. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS CHARACTERISTIC OF CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER?
    • SCAR TISSUE ON LIVER
    • ESOPAGEAL VARICES
    • JAUNDICE
    • ASCITIES
  47. WHAT IS THE ROOT WORD FOR STOMACH?
    GASTR/O
  48. WHAT IS THE ROOT WORD FOR LIVER?
    HEPAT/O
  49. WHICH OS THE FOLLOWING WORDS MEANS STONES?
    LITHIASIS
  50. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WORD PARTS MEANS GALLBLADDER?
    CHOL/E
  51. THE ROOT WORD FOR BLADDER IS?
    CYST/O
  52. A STONE IN THE URINARY BLADDER IS KNOWN AS A?
    CYSTOLITH
  53. A SPECIALIST WHO TREATS THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM OF THE MALE IS AN?
    UROLOGIST
  54. THE TERM MEANIN ABSCENCE OF URINE FORMATION IN THE KIDNEY IS?
    ANURIA
  55. THE TERM MEANING SCANTY URIN IS?
    OLIGURIA
  56. THE PROCESS OF ARTIFICIALY FILTERING WASTE IN THE PATIENTS BLOOD IS KNOWN AS ?
    HEMODIALYSIS
  57. THE TERM MEANING INABILITY TO CONTROL THE DISCHARGE OF URIN IS?
    INCONTINENCE
  58. A SPECALIST IN DIAGNOSING AND TREATING DISEASEAND DISORDERS OF THE KIDNEYS IS A
    NEPHROLOGIST
  59. T/F THE TERM MEANING AN INFLIMATION OF THE BLADDER IS CYSTITIS?
    TRUE
  60. THE ROOT WORD FOR KIDNEY IS?
    NEPHR/O
  61. THE TERM MEANING VISUAL EXAMINATION OF THE URINARY BLADDER?
    CYSTOSCOPY
  62. THE TREATMENT OF KIDNEY STONES THAT INVOLVES SOUND WAVES BREAKING UP STONES IS CALLED?
    EXTRACORPOREAL SHOCK WAVE LITHOTRIPSY
  63. URINE IS CARRIED FROM THE KIDNEYS TO THE URINARY BLADDER BY THE?
    URETERS
  64. BEFOER ENTERING THE URETERS THE URINE COLLECTS IN THE?
    RENAL PELVIS
  65. AN INFLIMATION OF THE RENAL PELVIS OF THE KIDNEY IS?
    PYELONEPHRITIS
  66. INFLIMATION OF THE BLADDER IS CALLED?
    CYSTITIS
  67. WHAT IS THE ROOT WORD FORE BRAIN?
    ENCEPHAL/O
  68. WHAT IS THE ROOT WORD FOR BRAIN COVERING?
    MENING/O
  69. A LOWERED LEVEL OF CONCIOUSNESS MARKED BY LISTLESSNESS AND DROWSYNESS AND APATHY IS DESCRIBED AS?
    LETHARGIC
  70. CONDITION THAT IS POTENTIALY REVERSABLE AND COMES ON SUDDENLY AND ODTEN ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH FEVER, INTOXICATION, OR SHOCK?
    DELIRIUM
  71. TERM MEANING INFLIMATION OF THE MININGES IS?
    MENINGITIS
  72. THE SPACE BETWEEN 2 NEURONS OR A NEURON AND A RECEPTOR?
    SYNAPSE
  73. THE DIVISION OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM THAT IS CONCERNED WITH BODY FUNCTIONS UNDER STRESS IS THE?
    SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
  74. T/F A PHYSICIAN THAT SPECALIZES IN ADMINISTERING ANESTHETIC IS AN ANESTHESIOLOGIST?
    TRUE
  75. A HEADACHE THAT IS CHARACTERIZED BY SUDDEN, THROBBING, SHARP PAIN THAT IS ACCOMPANIED BY NAUSEA AND SENSITIVITY TO LIGHT OR SOUND IS A?
    MIGRANE
  76. DISORDER ASSOCIATED WITH DEGINERATIVE CHANGES IN THE BRAIN STRUCTURE THAT LEADS TO SLOW PROGRESSIVE MEMORY LOSS, IMPARED COGNITION, AND PERSONALITY CHANGES?
    ALZHEIMERS DEMENTIA
  77. TERM THAT DESCRIBES DAMAGES TO THE BRAIN THAT ACCURES WHEN THE BLOOD FLOW TO THE BRAIN IS DISRUPTED DUE TO CLOT OR RUPTURE?
    CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT
  78. TERM THAT DESCRIBES THE LOSS OF THE ABILITY TO SPEAK, WRITE AND OR COMPREHEND THE WRITTEN OR SPOKEN WORD?
    APHASIA
  79. THE PROCESS OF RECORDING THE ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY OF THE BRAIN THROUGH THE USE OF ELECTRODES ATTACHED TO THE SCALP?
    ELECTROENCEPALOGRAPHY
  80. WHAT IS THE COLLECTION OF BLOOD IN THE TISSUE OF THE BRAIN?
    CEREBRAL CONTUSION
  81. THE SAMPLING OF CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OBTAINED BY A NEEDLE INTO THE SUBARACHNOID SPACE OF THE LUMBAR REGION?
    LUMBAR PUNCTURE
  82. THE ENDOCRINE GLAND THAT SECREATS HORMONES THAT CONTROL THE ACTIVITY OF OTHER ENDOCRINE GLANDS IS THE?
    PITUITARY GLAND
  83. THE HORMONE THAT WORKS WITH THE PARATHYROID GLAND TO REGULATE CALCIUM LEVELS IN THE BLOOD AND TISSUE IS?
    CALCITONIN
  84. ALDOSTERONE IS SECREATED BY THE
    ADRENAL CORTEX
  85. THE AMOUNT OF GLUCOSE IN THE BLOOD STREAM IS INCREASED BY WHAT HORMONE?
    GLUCOGEN
  86. UTERINE CONTRACTIONS DURING CHILDBIRTH ARE STIMULATED BY WHICH HORMONE?
    OXYTOCIN
  87. T/F INSULINE REPLACEMENT THERAPY IS ALWAYS USED IN TYPE 2 DM
    FALSE
  88. THE LIFETHREATANING CONDITION THAT RESULTS FROM THE PRESENCE OF EXCESSIVE LEVELS OF THE THYROID HORMONES IS KNOWN AS?
    THYROTOXICOSIS
  89. THE AVERAGE BLOOD SUGAR OVER THE LAST THREE MONTHS IS MEASURED BY WHICH TYPE OF BLOOD TEST?
    HEMOGLOBIN A1c
  90. THE AUTOIMMUNE DISORDER THAT IS CHARACTERIZED BY EXOPHTHALMOS IS KNOWN AS
    GRAVES DISEASE
  91. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE COMPLICATIONS OF UNCONTROLED DM?
    • RETINOPATHY
    • NEUROPATHY
    • NEPHROPATHY
    • SCHIZOPHRENIA
    • A,B&C
  92. wHAT IS THE TERM THAT MEANS SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE THYROID GLAND?
    THYROIDECTOMY
  93. WHAT IS THE TERM THAT REFERS TO HIGH LEVELS OF CALCIUM?
    HYPERCALCEMIA
  94. WHICH ORGAN PRODUCES INSULIN?
    PANCREAS
  95. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE NOT PRODUCED BY THE PITUITARY?
    GLUCOGEN
  96. EPINEPHRINE IS SECREATED BY THE
    ADRENAL MEDULLA
  97. THE ABNORMAL PROTRUSION OF THE EYES ASSOCIATED WITH GRAVES DISEASE IS KNOWN AS
    EXOPTHALMOS
  98. WEIGHT LOSS MAY POTENTIALY REVERSE WHAT DISEASE?
    DM TYPE 2
  99. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE RISK FACTORS FOR DEVELOPING DM?
    • OVERWEIGHT
    • FAMILY HISTORY
    • HISPANIC/LATINO
    • ALL OF THE ABOVE
  100. SYMPTOMS OF DM INCLUDE WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?
    • POLYDIPSIA
    • POLYPHAGIA
    • POLYURIA
    • INSULINE SHOCK
    • A,B&C
  101. WHICH WORD ROOT DESCRIBES A BLUE DISCOLORATION OF THE SKIN CAUSED BY A LACK OF OXYGEN?
    CYAN/O
  102. WHEN IS A COMBIBING VOWEL NOT USED?
    WHEN THE SUFFIX BEGINS WITH A VOWEL
  103. WHICH OF THESE PREFIXES MEAND BAD DIFFICULT OR PAINFULL?
    DYS
  104. WHAT IS THE APPROPRIATE PLURAL FORM OF PHALANX?
    PHALANGES
  105. WHAT IS THE TERM FOR THE OBJECTIVE EVEDENCE OF A DISEASE?
    SIGN
  106. WHICH TERM MEANS SITUATED CLOSEST TO THE BEGINING OF A BODY STRUCTURE?
    PROXIMAL
  107. WHICH TERM MEANS UPPERMOST, ABOVE, OR TOWARD THE HEAD?
    • SUPERIOR
    • CEPHALIC
  108. A NOSICOMIAL ILLNESS REFERS TO
    AN INFECTION ACQUIRED IN A HOSPITAL OR CLINIC
  109. WHICH OF THESE IS CONSIDERED A HORIZANTAL PLANE?
    TRANSVERSE PLANE
  110. WHICH PLANE DIVIDES THE BODY INTO UNEQUAL LEFT AND RIGHT PORTIONS?
    PARASAGITTAL PLANE
  111. THE WORD ROOT MEANING PLAQUE OR FATTY SUBSTANCE IS
    ATHER/O
  112. THE ABNORMAL NARROWING OF AN ARTERY IS CALLED?
    ARTERIOSTENOSIS
  113. WHICH TERM MEANS AN INFLIMATION OF THE NERVE?
    NEURITIS
  114. THE INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL SURFACES OF THE BODY ARE COVERED BY?
    PARIETAL PERITONEUM
  115. THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY IS LINED BY
    VISCERAL PERITONEUM
  116. T/F THE STOMACH IS LOCATED INFERIOR TO THE DIAPHRAGM
    TRUE
  117. WHAT IS THE TERM THAT DESCRIBES THE TOUGH FIBEROUS TISSUE THAT FORMS THE OUTERMOST COVERING OF THE BONE?
    PERIOSTEUM
  118. BLOOD COLLECTION WITHIN A JOINT IS REFFERED TO AS
    HEMARTHROSIS
  119. WHAT TYPE OF ARTHRITIS IS DUE TO PURINE CRYSTAL DEPOSITS DEVELOPING WITHIN A JOINT?
    GOUTY ARTHRITIS
  120. PARIETAL DISLOCATION OF A JOINT IS REFFERED TO AS
    SUBLUXATION
  121. PAIN WITHIN THE JOINT IS CONSIDERED
    ARTHRITIS
  122. THINNER THAN AVERAGE BONE DENSITY THAT IS SEVERE IS CONSIDERED TO BE
    OSTEOPOROSIS
  123. WHICH IMAGING IS USED TO BEST DIAGNOSE OSTEOPOROSIS WITH MORE DEFINITIVE RESULTS AND IS LEAST INVASIVE AND THE LEAST EXPENSIVE?
    DUAL X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY (DEXA)
  124. WHICH MEDICATION IS USED TO CONTROL PAIN AND TO REDUCE INFLIMATION AND SWELLING?
    • NONSTEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMITORY DRUGS
    • NSAIDS
  125. A FRACTURE TREATMENT PROCEDURE IN WHICH PINS ARE PLACED IN THE SOFT TISSUE AND BONE SO THAT AN EXTERNAL APPLIANCE CAN BE USED TO HOLD THE PIECES OF BONE FIRMLY IN PLACE DURING HEALING
    EXTERNAL FIXATION
  126. THE TISSUE THAT CONNECTS MUSCLE TO BONE
    TENDON
  127. T/F A PHYSICIAN WHO SPECALIZES IN TREATMENT OF A DISEASE CHARACTERIZED BY INFLIMATION IN THE CONNECTIVE TISSUE (ARTHRITIS) IS A ORTHOPEDIC SURGEON
    FALSE
  128. WEAR AND TEAR ARTHRITIS IS KNOWN AS OSTEOARTHRITIS
    TRUE
  129. WHAT TYPE OF FRACTURE DESCRIBES WHAT OCCURES WHEN THE BONE IS SPLINTERED OR CRUSHED?
    COMMINUTED
  130. THE BULGING CALCIUM DEPOSITS THAT FORM AROUND THE AREA OF THE BREAK DURING THE HEALING OF A FRACTURED BONE IS A
    CALLUS
  131. AN ABNORMAL INCREASE IN THE FORWARD CURVATURE OF THE LOWER OR LUMBAR SPINE IS KNOWN AS
    LORDOSIS
  132. WHAT TERM MEANT MOVES TOWARD THE MIDLINE
    MEDIAL
  133. WHICH TERM MEANS INCREASING ANGLE AS IN STRAIGHTNING A JOINT?
    FLEXION
  134. MUSCLES THAT ARE UNDER VOLUNTARY CONTROL ARE KNOWN AS
    SKELETAL
  135. THE TERM MEANING EXTREAM SLOWNESS OF MOVEMENT IS
    BRADYKINESIA
  136. THE TERM MEANING A BAND OF FIBERS THAT HOLDS STRUCTURES TOGETHER ABNORMALY IS
    ADHESION
  137. THE GROUP OF MUSCLES THAT HOLDS THE HEAD OF THE HUMEROUS SECURLY IN PLACE AS IT ROTATES WITHIN THE SHOULDER JOINT IS
    ROTATOR CUFF
  138. AN INFLIMATION OF THE PLANTAR AREA AF THE FOOT OR HEEL PAIN WHEN WALKING OR RUNNINGDUE TO INADEQUITE FOOT SUPPORT IS KNOWN AS
    PLANTAR FASCITIS
  139. T/F PARAPLEGIA IS THE TOTAL PARALYSIS OF THE LOWER HALF OF THE BODY
    TRUE
  140. QUADRAPLEGIA MEANS
    TOTAL PARALYSIS OF ALL 4 EXTREMITIES
  141. WHAT IS THE TERM FOR LEG PAIN THAT COMES AND GOES IN INTERVALS DURING EXERCISE AND IS RELIEVED BY REST IS
    INTERMITTENT CLAUDICATION
  142. THE SURGICAL TREATMENT OF CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME IS
    CARPAL TUNNEL RELEASE
  143. THE TERM MEANING PAIN IN THE TENDON IS
    TENODYNIA
  144. WHAT TERM MEANS BENDING THE FOOT STRAIGHT UPWARD AT THE ANKLE
    DORSIFLEXION
  145. WHAT TERM REFERS TO TURNING THE PALM OF THE HAND UPWARD
    SUPINATION
  146. LOWER THAN NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE IS CALLED
    HYPOTENSION
  147. THE TERM THAT MEANS A LARGE AMOUNT OF BLOOD LOSS IN A SHORT TIME
    HEMORRHAGE
  148. THE TERM FOR THE BELLY BUTTON
    UMBILICUS
  149. WHAT IS THE TERM THAT REFERS TO THE PROTRUSION OF THE INTERVERTEBRAL DISC POSTERIORLY INTO THE SPINAL CORD OR INTO ONE OF ITS ROOTS
    HERNIATED DISC
  150. A NARROW BAND OF NONELASTIC FIBOROUS TISSUE THAT ATTACHES BONE TO BONE
    LIGAMENT
  151. The term used to describe a woman during her first pregnancy is a:
    Primigravada
  152. The term that describes an inflammation of the glans penis is:
    Balanitis
  153. A varicose vein of the testicles is known as:
    Varicocele
  154. The term that describes the inner layer of the uterus is the:
  155. Endometrium
  156. An accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube is known as:
    Pyosalpinx

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