Chapter 6

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shortytrinh
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102824
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Chapter 6
Updated:
2011-09-19 17:20:03
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textbook basic nursing
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Basic Human Needs
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  1. ____ was established by the United Nations in 1948 to improve worldwide health.

    Health according to ____, is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
    World Health Organization (WHO)
  2. Health includes the concepts of mind-body-spirit ____.

    ____ is the balance of all of the components of the human organism. ____ implies continual adaptation to maintian a balance of sameness, that is to say, we must continuously adjust to our psychological, physical, and spiritual environment to maintain a balance.
    Homeostasis
  3. Physial fitness, the body functioning at its best
    Physical Health
  4. Feelings and attitudes that make one comfortable with oneself
    Emotional Health
  5. A mind that grows and adjusts, is in control, and is free of serious stress
    Phychological or Mental Health
  6. A sense of responsibility and caring for the health and welfare of others
    Social Health
  7. Inner peace and security, comfort with one's higher power, as one perceives it
    Spiritual Health
  8. Health must be considered in its broadest, holistic sense, which includes the following concepts:
    Physical Health, Emotional Health, Psychological or Mental Health, Social Health, Spiritual Health
  9. ____ is a change in the structure or function of body tissues, biologic systems, or the human mind.
    Disease
  10. ____ is the response to disease that involves a change in function.
    Illness
  11. ____ is a change in the structure and function of body tissues caused by invasion from harmful microorganisms.
    Infection
  12. ____ refers to the number of people with an illness or disorder relative to a specific population.
    Morbidity
  13. ____ refers to the chances of death associated with a particular illness or disorder.
    Mortality
  14. The incidences of morbidity and mortality range with influences related to one or more of the following factors:
    age, race, socioeconomic status, access to healthcare, and education level
  15. ____ are illnesses that interfere with the continuum fo r a short period of time. ____ generally develop suddenly and resolve within specified period of time.
    Acute illness
  16. ____ such as arthritis, asthma, or HIV/AIDS result in long-term health disturbances. Individuals with ____ function within the wellness-illness continuum, but often are limited by their disorder.
    Chronic illness
  17. ____ are patterns of living that we choose to follow, such as the amount and type of exercise performed by an individual. Nurtition, smoking, substance abuse, stress, and violence are also lifestyle factors an individual can control.
    Lifestyle factors
  18. It is physical and mental wear-and-tear of life. ____ is a mental or physical tension exerted upon an individual's homeostasis. Physical factors include injury, diseases and disorders, and invasion of pathogens. Psychological factors include fear, anxiety, crisis, happiness, and change.
    Stress
  19. ____ are internal stress reducers, even though they may not be truthful or effective ways of adapting to a stressful situation. Examples are projection (blaming someone else) and denial.
    Defense mechanisms
  20. ____ can be the leading source of prevention of disease and disabilities.
    Education
  21. Diseases are classified in several ways. Usually, they are classified according to their ____, the body system that they affect, the extent of their involvement in the organ or body, or the way they are acquired.
    Etiology (cause)
  22. ____ means that detectable structural change has occurred in one or more organs that also alters usual function.
    Organic disease
  23. ____ is a disorder in which a structural cause cannot be identified.
    Functional disease
  24. One or both biological parents may transmit a ____, disorder to an embryo, resulting in the child's physical impairment.
    Hireditary (genetic)
  25. ____ are also present at birth. They ar enot necessarily transmitted through genes. ____ may be genetic or may be caused bby another unfavorable condition that affects n ormal fetel development.
    Congenital disorders
  26. Th area of invasion is limited to one area or organ.
    Local
  27. ____ infections involve the whole body.
    Systemic
  28. Microorganisms that cause infections may ormay not be ____, which means the infection can be transferred from one person to another.
    Contagious
  29. The growth of abnormal tissue or tumors. These growths can be benign or malignant.
    Neoplastic
  30. Tumor results from the growth of cells similar to the tissue in which it appears.
    Benign
  31. A tumor (eg, cancer) is a while and disorderly growth of cells that is unlike the tissue from which it arises. This cell growth robes normal tissues of nutrients.
    Malignant
  32. Malignant cells also tend to spread to other parts of the body.
    Metastasis

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