Ch24-Key_Terms

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Author:
tford7
ID:
102840
Filename:
Ch24-Key_Terms
Updated:
2011-09-19 18:42:11
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Ch24 Key Terms
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Ch24-Key_Terms
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  1. Developmental process of the atherosclerotic lesion.
    atherogenesis
  2. An accumulation and swelling in artery walls that is made of macrophage cells, or debris, that contain lipids, calcium and a variable amount of fibrous connective tissue
    atheroma
  3. Atherosclerosis begins as fatty streaks of the arterial wall in adolescence, progressing to hard fatty plaques that narrow and “harden” the arteries lumen in adulthood
    atherosclerosis
  4. Shock that occurs when inadequate oxygen and nutrients are supplied to the tissues because of severe left ventricular failure
    cardiogenic shock
  5. A surgery where veins and arteries are used as conduit to bypass the coronary artery stenosis.
    coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
  6. Inflammation of the pericardium that can occur 2 to 10 weeks after a myocardial
    Dressler’s syndrome
  7. Engorged lipid-laden macrophages that are the major component of the fatty streak
    foam cell
  8. The substance that transports plasma cholesterol away from atherosclerotic plaques and to the liver for metabolism and excretion and is considered “good” cholesterol because increased levels decrease the tendency to CAD.
    high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
  9. Clenched fist over the chest is the universal sign for angina.
    Levine’s sign
  10. The main lipid component of the atherosclerotic plaque and is considered “bad” cholesterol because increased levels reflect increased tendency to CAD.
    low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
  11. Prolonged ischemia, 20 minutes or more, that results in myocardial cellular death
    myocardial infarction (Ml)
  12. Category of procedures performed during the cardiac angiography using catheters, balloons, and devices to treat atherosclerotic lesions (e.g., percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty [PTCA]).
    percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI)
  13. An inflammation of the pericardium
    pericarditis
  14. Alternating weak and strong heart beats.
    pulsus alternans
  15. Classic angina symptoms without angiographic evidence of CAD.
    syndrome X

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