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Who encouraged cavaliers to emigrate to the VA and why?
- Sir William Barkeley
- To create order
What did Barkley give the cavaliers?
- High offices
- Large estates
- A rulling place in an oligarcy
What was Barkley's goal for the colonies?
To recreate social life
Who were the Cavaliers?
- They came from ruling families
- Younger sons
What were the origins of VA?
2/3 of the ppl cam from S. and W. part of england
What was the religion on VA?
Anglican (Book of Common Prayer)
What was the form of the churches?
How did ppl in VA talk?
- With their throat (not nose)
- Added syllables
- S. and W. English dialect
What was in the VA environment?
- Chesapeake bay
- Good soil (agriculture)
How much higher was the death rate than New England's?
What was the architecture like?
Often exactly like middle sized manors in S. and W. England except wood was used
Was family important?
How were families stereo typed?
By their trates
How were families burried?
Extended families burried together
Why were there many step-parents?
3/4 of children lost parents b4 18
What did gentlemen take pride in?
Hospitality (even strangers)
What type of class was "visiting" their profession?
Class of impoverished gentlemen
What was Marriage like?
- Bloodlines important
- Divorce didnt exist
What was education considered?
- For rich ppl only
- A sign of power
Who was educated?
- 100% of rich white males
- Less than 25% of women could write their name
Why was education Powell to the poor?
Education brought disobediance
What education was offered to the wealthy?
- Private tutors until collage
- Collage of William and Mary
What were the 2 marriage ceremonies?
- 1) elaborate 5 step process in Church of England
- 2) ancient pagan practice of jumping the broom
Were the ages of married couples different?
How many children died?
1/2 b4 adulthood
What was the goal in raising children?
To let them know about their place in social society
What was Noblesse Oblige?
The idea that the upper class have the responsibility and right to take care of those under them
What was dinner like?
- A ritualistic fine art for the rich
- Feasts were common among the poor
What were the dress way?
According to social class
How did the rich hunt?
For stag and fox
How did the lower class hunt?
What was another high status sport?
How did VA gentlemen work?
Harder than they cared to admit
How did the VA gentlemen handle their money?
Were VA gentlemen debtless?
No, they liked to show off their money which brought them alot of debt
Who owned most of the land?
10% of adult males owned 75% of productive assests
How did the rich people own so much land?
- Through indentured servants
- Also granted estates
- Came from england
- The giving of the land to oldest son
The land must be kept together as a unit
How did the rich men feel about freedom?
- They were aware of their english liberties
- Never occured that liberty belonged to everyone
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