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Force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessel to maintain tissue perfusion during rest and activity.
Formula using weight and height to determine the percentage of total body fat
body mass index (BMI)
Total blood flow through the systemic or pulmonary circulation per minute
cardiac output (CO)
Phase in the cardiac cycle when the heart is at rest.
diastolic blood pressure
Sustained elevation of blood pressure
Blood pressure lower than needed for adequate tissue perfusion and oxygenation
Hypotension occurring when changing position from supine to upright
The pressure against the flow of blood to or from the arteries or veins outside the chest.
peripheral vascular resistance (PVR)
Difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Pathological decrease in systolic blood pressure by 10 mm Hg or more on inspiration
Rapid increase in blood pressure after abrupt stopping of medication
Blood pressure measured at the moment of contraction.
systolic blood pressure
Ch28 Key Terms