Chapter 3: The Federalism

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  1. Block Grants
    Money from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by Washington
  2. Conditions of aid
    Federal rules attached to the grants that states receive. States must agree to abide by these rules in order to receive the grants.
  3. Devolution
    The effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states.
  4. Dual Federalism
    Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in its sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept seperate.
  5. Grants-in-aid
    Money given by the national government to the states.
  6. Initiative
    Process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot.
  7. Mandates
    Terms set by the national government that states must meet whether or not they accept federal grants.
  8. Necessary & proper
    Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to its duties, and which has permitted Congress to exercise powers not specifically given to it (enumerated) by the Constitution.
  9. Nullification
    The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state's opinion, violates the Constitution.
  10. Police Power
    State power to enact laws promoting health, safety, and morals.
  11. Recall
    Procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office.
  12. Referendum
    Procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature.
  13. Full Faith and Credit clause
    The familiar name used to refer to Article IV, Section 1 of the United States Constitution, which addresses the duties that states within the United States have to respect the "public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state.
Card Set
Chapter 3: The Federalism
American Government Tenth Edition James Q. Wilson
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