Money from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by Washington
Conditions of aid
Federal rules attached to the grants that states receive. States must agree to abide by these rules in order to receive the grants.
The effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states.
Doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in its sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept seperate.
Money given by the national government to the states.
Process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot.
Terms set by the national government that states must meet whether or not they accept federal grants.
Necessary & proper
Section of the Constitution allowing Congress to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to its duties, and which has permitted Congress to exercise powers not specifically given to it (enumerated) by the Constitution.
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state's opinion, violates the Constitution.
State power to enact laws promoting health, safety, and morals.
Procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office.
Procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature.
Full Faith and Credit clause
The familiar name used to refer to Article IV, Section 1 of the United States Constitution, which addresses the duties that states within the United States have to respect the "public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state.