Geo Test #1

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Author:
regishouse
ID:
102984
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Geo Test #1
Updated:
2011-10-16 16:50:32
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geo
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Description:
Geography Test Chap 1-4
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  1. Diameter of Earth
    24890mi
  2. First Scientists to measure Earths circumference
    Eratosthenes
  3. Greenwich Mean Time
    • - Universal Time
    • - Zulu Time
  4. December 21 the sun in located at..
    23.5* S
  5. The shortest point between two points
    Great cirle lines
  6. The equator is a great circle
    True
  7. Greatest proprotion of atmospheric gas
    Nitrogen (N2)
  8. Perihelion
    when Earth is closet to the Sun (January)
  9. Aphelion
    When Earth is farthest from the sun (July)
  10. Winter Solstace
    • - Sun @ 23.5* ( Tropic of Capricorn)
    • - NP (day) / SP (night)
  11. Prime Merdian
    • - Measured from Greenwich, England
    • - 0* Merdian
  12. Great Circles
    • - Any circle of Earth's cicumference whose cener coincides w/ the center of Earth
    • - Equator
  13. Small Cirlces
    Diminishes in length towards the poles
  14. Merdian
    Lines connecting all points along the same longitude
  15. Parallel Lines
    Connecting all points @ the same latitudinal angle
  16. Lithosphere
    Earth's landscape system
  17. Biosphere
    Living system
  18. Hydrosphere
    weather, water, and climate system
  19. Atmosphere
    Energy system
  20. Antarctic Circle
    66.5* (S)
  21. Artic Circle
    66.5(N)
  22. Tropic of Capricorn
    23.5*(S)
  23. Tropic of Cancer
    23.5(N)
  24. Herodotus
    Created first map
  25. Pythagoras
    determined earth was round
  26. 5 themes of geographic science
    • - location
    • -place
    • -movement
    • -regions
    • -human-earth realtionship
  27. Movement
    Things, energy, resources
  28. Human-Earth Relationship
    How we deal w/ the environment around us
  29. Region
    location charcteristics
  30. Location
    • - Relative = location
    • - Absolute = geographic location
  31. Place
    Characteristics that make a place unique
  32. December 21
    winter solstice
  33. September 21
    Fall equinox
  34. Fall Equinox
    • - Sun @ equator = 0*
    • - 12 hr day/ 12 hr night
  35. Summer Solstice
    • - Sun @ 23.5* (N) (Tropic of Cancer)
    • - 15 hr day
    • - NP (day)/ SP (night)
  36. June 22
    Summer Solstice
  37. March 21
    Spring Equniox
  38. Spring Equinox
    • - Sun @ equator = 0*
    • - 12hr day/ 12hr night
  39. Longitude
    Distance east/west from a point on the Earths surface
  40. Latitude
    • - Runs North/South
    • - Determined by stars / sun
  41. Geographic line opposite of Prime Meridian
    180* Merdian (International Date Line)
  42. Most of the infrared radiation emitted by the atmosphere is...
    absorbed into the Earths surface
  43. The inclination on the Equator w/ reference to the plane of eclipitic is...
    66.5*
  44. Environment that includes all living things
    Biosphere
  45. Time Zones extend ___* east and west of the central meridian
    7.5
  46. Largest scale fraction
    1:1,000,000
  47. Rising atmospheric pressure observed w/ a barometer usually indicates:
    clear skies & fair weather
  48. realtionship between a map distance and the corresponding distance on the ground
    scale
  49. a map that accurately portray the shape of places or regions of the earth
    conformal
  50. Latitudes that experience the most cariation in day lenght
    Polar
  51. a line drawn on a map that connects points of equal value of some property is called
    isoline
  52. Type of scale printed on a map that remains correct even if the map in enlarged
    Graphic
  53. Orginal purpose of Mercator projection
    Ocean Navigation
  54. When light is absorbed by matter the temp...
    Increases
  55. Latitude halfway between the equator & the north pole
    45* N
  56. Sub-solar latitude during the winter solstace
    23.5 (S)
  57. Sub-solar latitude during the spring equinox
    0*
  58. Name Each
  59. "about 12 blocks north of balboa park and east of linberg field" is what kind of location
    relative location
  60. 32*45*(N), 116*57*(W) is what kind of location
    absolute location
  61. know all
  62. Because the Coriolis Force, wind blowing east turn...
    towards the equator
  63. because of the Coriolis force, winds blowing to the west turn...
    toward the nearest pole
  64. WInd speed is determined by
    friction in the friction in the plantary boundry force
  65. Antipodes
    place exactly opposite from where you are on the earth
  66. Longitudes in the West Hemisphere are
    Negative
  67. Longitudes in the East Hemisphere are
    Positive
  68. Global Positioning System (GPS)
    - accurate within 10 ft
  69. You compromise ______ when portraying a sphereical surface on a flat surface
    streching
  70. Transfering earths surface onto a flat surface
    projection
  71. Rhumb Line (Mercator Projection)
    line of constant compass direction
  72. Conic Projection
    • - Used for places that are wide
    • - Less distorted
  73. Eckert Projection
    - Mathetical projection
  74. Contour Lines
    Connect places w/ same elevations
  75. Remote Sensing
    The acquisition of info about a place or region w/o being in physical contact
  76. Passive Remote Sensing
    Using reflected or naturally emitted energy to aquire an image
  77. Active Remote Sensing
    Transmitting energy to the target area then receiving the energy reflected from the target surface to make an image
  78. Visable Light
    700nm -400nm
  79. Near Infrared
    1000nm
  80. Thermal Infrared
    12
  81. Ultra Violet
    1.5nm
  82. Electromagnetic Energy
    UV & IR Light
  83. Solar Winds
    • - Charged particles
    • - Deflected by earths magentic field
  84. Solar Constant
    amount of solar energy reaching the earth
  85. The earth radiated electromagnetic enegry in ______ and the sun radiated electromagentic engery in _____
    • a. long waves
    • b. short waves
  86. 1,368 w/m2
    Solar constant
  87. Troposhpere
    • - constanly turning
    • - water vapor
    • - clouds
    • - weather
  88. Stratosphere
    • - up & down movement
    • - low air pressure
    • - ozone
  89. Gases in atmosphere
    • - Nitrogen
    • - Oxygen
    • - Argon
  90. Thermosphere
    • - Metors
    • - Auroras
  91. ________ measures tempreture
    thermometer
  92. ___________ measures air pressure
    barometer
  93. _____________ measures wind speed
    anemometer
  94. _________ measures humity
    sling psychometer
  95. High air pressure
    good weather
  96. Low air pressure
    bad weather
  97. Inversion
    temp drop when its supposed to raise
  98. Air Polution
    • - Carbon monoxide
    • - Nitrogen
    • - Volatile organic compounds
    • - Sulfur
    • - Water vapor
    • - Carbon Dioxide
    • - Methane
  99. Greenhouse Gases
    • - Water vapor
    • - Carbon Dioxide
    • - Methane
  100. Greenhouse gases ____________
    • - trap heat
    • - increase surface temp
  101. 32 F, 0C, 273K
    water freezes
  102. 212F, 100C, 373K
    water boils
  103. -459F, -273C.0K
    absolute zero
  104. (F + 40)5/9 - 40
    fahernheight to celcuis
  105. (C + 40)9/5-40
    Celcuis to farhenheigt
  106. Temperature
    the mesaurement of the adverage kinetic energy of the molecules in a substance
  107. Heat
    the measurement of total energy of a susbtance produced by the motins of its molecules and the movement of that energy from one place to another
  108. Convection
    - heat moved by air
  109. Conduction
    • - motion of heat
    • - molecular transfer of heat
  110. Advection
    - air blown by wind
  111. Radiation
    • - sunlight
    • - heat caused by electromagnetic engery
  112. Isolation
    - low air temps cuz b4 the sun comes up
  113. Light can be.....
    • - Diffused: spreadout
    • - Absorbed: dark colors
    • - Reflected: Light colors
  114. Sensible Heat
    Heat that can be measured
  115. Latent Heat
    heat in phase of change
  116. Greenhouse gases ______ convection
    blocks
  117. atmosphere ______ convection
    promotes
  118. Isoterms
    type of isoline
  119. Specific Heat Capacity
    the amount of heat required to raise the temp of a certian quantity of a substance
  120. Land has____
    • - low specific heat
    • - heats rapidly, cools rapidly
  121. Water ___
    • - high specific heat
    • - heats slowly, cools slowly
  122. I.T.C.Z
    • International Convergence Zone
    • - where winds from east and west meet
  123. Winds blow _____ in the S. Hemi
    counterclockwise
  124. Winds blow ____ in the N. Hemi
    clockwise
  125. Omega
    amount of wind moving up and down
  126. Control of wind velocity
    • - pressure gradient force
    • - Coriolis force
    • - Friction force
  127. Corolis Force
    • - depends on realtive speed
    • - depends on distance
    • - greater towards poles
  128. Geostrophic Winds (Earth turning winds)
    equilibruim between the pressure gradient and coloris force
  129. Surface WInds
    PG + CF + Friction
  130. Albedo
    reflective quality of surface

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