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What is growth?
Physiological development of a person. Its measurable and increase in specific parameters.
What is development?
Progression of behavioral changes that involve the acquisition of appropriate, cognitive, linguistic, and psychological skills.
Differentiate between light and dark. Support upper body with arms. finds hidden objects. Mimics gesture. Walks and climbs alone. What stage of Erickson's development?
Infant (Birth to 18months) Trust vs Mistrust
Runs alone. Peddles tricycle. Screws and unscrews jar lids or objects. holds writing instruments. What stage of Erickson's development?
Toddler (2-3years) autonomy vs shame and doubt
Walk on tiptoes. Skips. Hops or jumps forward. Handles scissors with skill. What stage of Erickson's develpoment?
Preschooler (3-5years) initiative vs. guilt
Sewing, learning to use garden tools, handle hammer and a saw, drawn in proportion and master penmanship in writing. Perfer the same sex friends. What stage of Erickson's development?
School age (6-11years) industry vs. inferiority
Period of transition between childhood and adulthood. What stage of Erickson's development?
Adolescence (12-18years) identity vs. role confusion. 3 Stages early, middle, and late.
Face a variety of developmental tasks centered on the assumption of adult roles and responsibilities. In search of self. Need to establish autonomy from parents or surrgoates. Develope philosophies of life and personal lifestyles.
Young adulthood (21-34years) intimacy vs isolation
What gradually changes in the aging process?
physically, mentally, socially, and emotionally.
Primarily balancing. Focus on creativity, productivity, teaching, mentoring, writing, social activism, producing music or anything that satisfies, the need to be useful to society. Evaluates the meaning of structures. Balances the feelings of life that satisfies them personally and socially with meaning. What stage of Erickson's development?
Middle adulthood (45-65years) generativity vs stagnation
Works toward accepting responsibility for his or her life being able to reflect on it in a positive way. Accepts one's choices and come to terms with death. What stage of Erickson's development?
Maturity (65 to death) Ego integrity vs despair.
What is generative?
The capacity for love matures as the adult is able to look outside of onself and caring for other people grows.
What is ego integrity?
Accumulation assurance of its capacity for order and meaning.
What does a nurse need to do about their attitude?
- 1. Assess their attitudes toward older adults.
- 2. Recognize and address ageism by questioning prevailing negative attitudes and sterotypes and emphasizing what really happens during the aging process.
What occurs in the integumentary system of an aging adult?
- -loss of skin elasticity
- -loss of moisture
- -epithelia layer thins
- -spots and lesions on skin
- -changes in pigmentation
What occurs with the Head and Neck of and aging adult?
- -loss of subcutaneous fat
- -missing teeth cause face to appear asymmetrical
- -vocal changes cause loss of power and range
- -visual avuity declines due to retinal damage
What is prebyopia?
declined ability of eyes to accommodate close detailed work.
What is prebycusis?
common auditory acuity that affects the ability to hear high pitched sounds.