Ch 15 Key terms.txt

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Ch 15 Key terms.txt
2011-09-20 05:20:22
15 Key terms

ch 15 key terms
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  1. adjuvant
    A remedy that enhances the effect of another therapy.
  2. allogeneic
    A remedy that replaces a patient's blood or bone marrow with blood or bone marrow from a donor
  3. alopecia
    The loss of hair.
  4. angiogenesis
    The establishment of blood supply through formation of new blood vessels.
  5. antineoplastic
    A drug that prevents, kills, or blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells.
  6. autologous
    The collection and storage of blood or blood components from a patient for subsequent transfusion to that same person.
  7. brachytherapy
    The treatment with radioactive sources placed into or near the tumor or affected area
  8. cachexia
    A breakdown of muscle mass resulting from rapid weight loss or a general wasting due to illness or stress.
  9. dehiscence
    The separation of a wound or scar. A rupture or splitting open, as of a surgical wound or of an organ or structure to discharge its contents as splitting open
  10. erythropoietic
    Relating to the formation of red blood cells.
  11. glossitis
    An inflammation of the tongue.
  12. grading
    The degree of malignancy or cell differentiation of the tumor cells.
  13. harvesting
    A procedure to collect tissue such as the spongy bone marrow from inside bones containing stem cells.
  14. hematopoietic
    Pertaining to the formation of blood or blood.
  15. hyperplasia
    Increase in number.
  16. hypertrophy
    Abnormal enlargement, increase in size and mass, of a body part or organ.
  17. intrathecal
    Within the spinal canal, the space between the double-layered covering or lining of the brain and spinal cord.
  18. leukapheresis
    The removal of blood to collect specific blood cells; the remaining blood is returned to the body
  19. malignant
    Cells that invade and destroy nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body
  20. metastasis
    Spread of cancerous tumor to other distant locations.
  21. mucositis
    An inflammation and ulceration of the lining of the mouth, throat, or gastrointestinal (Gl) tract most commonly associated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer.
  22. myelosuppression
    A decrease in the production of red blood cells, platelets, and some white blood cells by the bone marrow. Also, inhibition of the production of blood cells, a bone marrow function
  23. nadir
    The period of time following chemotherapy, usually 7 to 10 days after chemotherapy when blood counts drop, thereby increasing susceptibility to infection or bleeding
  24. neoadjuvant
    Adjunctive or adjuvant therapy given prior to the primary (main) therapy.
  25. neoplasm
    An abnormal mass of cells, can be benign or malignant.
  26. oncogenes
    Cancer susceptibility genes. When altered or mutated proto-oncogenes promote tumor formation or growth.
  27. palliation
    The process of easing symptoms and maximizing quality of life when cure or control is not possible
  28. radiotherapy
    The use of X-rays and other forms of radiation in treatment.
  29. staging
    The extent or spread of the tumor within the body from the site of origin.
  30. stomatitis
    The inflammation of the soft tissues in the mouth resulting in mouth sores. It is a common side effect of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and some biological therapy.
  31. tumor markers
    Substances that are expressed by the tumor or by normal tissue in response to a tumor
  32. tumor necrosis factor
    Inflammatory biochemical that is produced in response to various stressors
  33. vesicant
    An intravenous (IV) medication that causes blisters and tissue injury when it escapes into surrounding tissue. Vesicatory refers to causing blisters