Research Methods

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Author:
faulkebr
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103029
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Research Methods
Updated:
2011-09-20 10:16:47
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Research Methods day
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Day 1
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  1. Goals
    • 1. research methodology, theorizing
    • 2. To write like a psychologist
    • 3. Conduct own research
  2. Writing like a psychologist
    • Style of writing in psychology transmits some of the values of psychology:
    • Commits to empirical method and view of itself as a cumulative, collaborate effort
  3. Some ways of obtaining knowledge
    • 1. intuition
    • 2. authority
    • 3. rationalism
    • 4. empiricism
    • 5. Science
  4. 1. intuition
    knowledge gained without conscious effort or thinking
  5. 2. Authority
    • knowledge from others presumed to havve direct access to the truth
    • -uncritical, unskeptical, accept the truth
  6. 3. Rationalism
    • knowledge through reasoning
    • *reason from commonsense ideas,
    • universally held ideas, views of
    • authorities.
    • Socarates is a man
    • all men are mortal
    • therefore, Sacrates is mortal
  7. 4. Empiricism
    knowledge through observation or experience
  8. Empirical
    observe, measure
  9. 5. Science
    • Rationalism + empiricism
    • a. systematic observation - The empirical method
    • b. Agreed upon methodology
    • c. skeptical analysis (doubting and questioning of facts)
    • d. public verification
  10. Public Verification
    checking all claims
  11. Goal of Science (in obtaining knowledge)
    prediction and explanation (assumption: laws of nature, causality)
  12. Idea of psychology as a science is new-
    • 1. William James 1875
    • 2. Wilhelm Wundt 1879
  13. Scientific Methods Used long ago:
    Why not for psychology?
    Idea that human actions and experiences can be studies with empirical/scientific methods clashes with long Western cultural heritage about the nature of people
  14. Mind-Body Dualism

    Mind = ____ ____ = consciousness = _______ _____ vs. Physical body (person is clothed with a body of clay)
    mental processes/immortal soul

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