Vocab Wellness Ch 1,2,&3

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Vocab Wellness Ch 1,2,&3
2011-09-20 12:00:30
wellness Vocabulary

Words that relate to chapters 1 2 and 3 in wellness
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  1. includes developing a strong sense of values, ethics, and morals; overlaps with the emotional component; does not adhere to any particular religious structure
    Examples: yoga, dance therapy, music therapy, art therapy, prayer and mental healing
  2. ability to maintain intimacy; respect and tolerance for different opinions and beliefs
  3. a behavior change strategy that involves a written statement of health goals, target dates for completion of each goal, intervention strategies, rewards, and incentives.
  4. substituting a new behavior for an undesirable one.
  5. a discrepancy between what people know and what they actually do regarding their health.
    health behavior gap
  6. the disproportionate prevalence of diseases and health problems among certain population groups.
    health despiraties
  7. healthy lifestyle issues identified in the document Healthy People 2010 as health priorities for Americans
    leading health indicators
  8. diseases and/or health conditions largely caused by health habits and practices under the control of the individual.
    lifestyle diseases
  9. the perspective from which an individual views life; individuals with an internal locus of control believe that their decisions make a difference and that they have control over their lives; people with an external locus of control see themselves as "victims" and consider other people, situations, and conditions as being the controlling factors in their lives.
    locus of control
  10. a disease (physical symptom) caused by psychological and emotional stressors.
    psychosymatic disease
  11. conditions that threaten wellness and increase the chances of contracting a disease.
    risk factors
  12. people's belief in their ability to accomplish a specific task or behavior; that belief then affects the outcome of the task or behavior; the theory that individuals who expect to succeed tend to succeed and those who expect to fail tend to fail.
    self efficancy
  13. the approach to lifestyle change that assumes individuals can plan and execute their own plans.
    self help
  14. a behavioral strategy in which a person acclimates to desired behaviors in small increments.
    shaping up
  15. a self-help approach to lifestyle change consisting of six well-defined stages; it is based on the principles of the behavior change model developed by James Prochaska.
    transtheoretical model of behavior change
  16. engaging in activities and behaviors that enhance quality of life and maximize personal potential.
  17. a weak spot in an artery that forms a balloonlike pouch that can rupture
  18. chest pain that is the result of ischemia
  19. a slow, progressive disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaque on the inner lining of arterial walls.
  20. the bursting of a blood vessel in the brain.
    cerebral hemorrhage
  21. a steroid that is an essential structural component of neural tissue and cell walls and is required for the manufacture of hormones and bile.
  22. a mass of undissolved matter in the blood or lymphatic vessels that detaches from the vessel walls.
  23. adds to viscosity of the blood
  24. an amino acid that is thought to increase the risk for heart disease.
  25. high blood pressure
  26. diminished supply of blood to the heart muscle.
  27. fat-carrying protein.
  28. a heart attack; the death of heart muscle tissue.
    myocardial infarction
  29. phsically inactive
  30. combination of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high blood lipids, and abdominal obesity.
    syndrome x
  31. a stationary blood clot; can occlude an artery supplying the brain.
  32. literally "with oxygen"; when applied to exercise, activities in which oxygen demand can be supplied continuously by individuals during performance.
  33. maximum oxygen consumption.
    aerobic capacity
  34. the ability to take in, deliver, and extract oxygen for physical work.
    cardiorespiratory endurance
  35. the attainment of physical fitness by participating in a variety of activities regularly.
    cross training
  36. planned structured repetitive body movement
  37. the components of fitness that include cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition
    health related fitness
  38. an excesive build up of body heat
  39. a cold weather– related condition that results in abnormally low body temperature.
  40. sports fitness; composed of speed, power, balance, coordination, agility, and reaction time.
    performance related fitness
  41. contractin of skeletal muscules that substancially increases energy expendature
    physical activity
  42. attributes that people have or recieve from physical activity
    physical fitness