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Indian woman in Guatemala; the new baby belongs to the community not just the parents.
Republicans against Science, Post Dispatch article, Gilleo wrote in about how science and religion are not incompatiable
Thich Nhat Hahn
Monk that was great friends with MLK Jr.
Study of Wisdom
branch of philosophy that investigates what is real
Branch of philosophy dealing with the study of knowledge, what it is, and how we acquire it.
Branch of philosophy dealing with study of values
view that truth has no objective standard and may vary from individual to individual, from group to group and from time to time
Greek Philosopher that never wrote anything down
The method of dialect, reported in Plato�s dialogues
The method of questioning used by Socrates in pursuit to the truth
Socrates student that wrote down all of what Socrates said in the form of dialogues. He then was a great philosopher himself and went on to teach Aristotle.
in metaphysics (�what is real�) the belief that the most real entities are ideas and other immaterial entities
in ontology the belief that reality is essentially matter
for Aristotle, life lived in accordance with the highest human capacity, reason.
Ethical theory that uses as a moral standard what a virtuous person would do, rather than consequences or obligations; the primary question is , what kind of person should I be?
moderate action between undesirable extremes; used by Aristotle to describe an ethical ideal
Founder of Buddhism
the enlightened one, Siddhartha Gautama
manner of life, practices, or principles of an ascetic; extreme abstinence
- 1. Right to Belief: to believe in the Four Noble Truths
- 2. Right Intention: overcoming desires.
- 3. Right Speech: to tell the truth to speak kindly and gently; talk only when necessary.
- 4. Right Conduct: 5 precepts- 1, do not kill 2, do not steal 3, do not lie 4, do not be unchaste 5, do not drink intoxicating drinks.
- 5. Right Livelihood: earn one�s living righteously, legally, and peacefully. No weapons, dealing in living beings, slaughter of animals, selling harmful intoxicants
- 6. Right Effort: discriminate between wise and unwise attachments
- 7. Right Mindfulness: Concentrate task at hand
- 8. Right meditation: focus, calm, or empty the mind.
Plato�s theory of a three-part human nature ideally ruled by reason
A pre-Socratic philosopher who believed that arche was a unified whole or any philosopher who believes reality its one.
A pre-Socratic philosopher who believed that arche was multiple or any philosopher who believes reality is plural.
A teacher of practical applications for philosophy in early Greece.
prinicple or basic stuff from which everything derives
a Milesian mathematician predicted an eclipse of the Sun would occur at thhat exact moment and it did.
Student of Thales who learned then developed an original idea; Theory was that water was the arche. Infinite or boundless
Found Anaximander's idea too vague but believed that the arche was air not water.
Believed that math made up the arche.
was a nobleman from Ephesus in what was then Asia Minor now is Turkey.
Was a prince who was offered the kingship in Sicily but declined it. He wrote songs and practiced rhetoric. He saw himself as a prohphet and recalled that he brought the dead to life.
Devoted his life to science and travel wrote more than 60 books and none survived.
First Athenian philosopher who was a persian but then defected and settled in Athens.
the view that there are just two mutually irreducible substances monism and pluralism.
Student of Plato but did not necessarily agree with Plato.
Aristotle�s 4 causes
- 1. Cause means the material from which something is made
- 2. the form or pattern according to which something is made
- 3. that from which a change begins or ceases.
- 4. the end or that for which a thing exists.
person who has attained englightenment.
coming to existence
absolute englightenment no pain, worry and the external world
creator of Taoism; chinese philosopher
virtue of which all things happen or exist
Dark, negative, and feminine
one positive, bright and masculine.
Tao Te Ching
philosopical book in verse supposedly written by Lao-Tzu
fundamental worked on Taoism
Author of souls of black folks.
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