Trivial names and abbreviations of compounds and fragments.

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Jos
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103077
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Trivial names and abbreviations of compounds and fragments.
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2011-09-21 12:45:08
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organic chemistry nomenclature Clayden
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Simple compounds and fragments: their trivial names and abbreviations (from Chapter 2, Organic Chemistry, Clayden et. al.)
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  1. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    acetone
  2. Draw acetone.
  3. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    acetaldehyde
  4. Draw acetaldehyde.
  5. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    formic acid
  6. Draw formic acid.
  7. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    acetic acid
  8. Draw acetic acid.
  9. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    ethyl acetate
  10. Draw ethyl acetate.
  11. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    diethyl ether (or ether)
  12. Draw diethyl ether (ether).
  13. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    benzene
  14. Draw benzene.
  15. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    toluene
  16. Draw toluene.
  17. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    phenol
  18. Draw phenol.
  19. What is this molecule's trivial name?

    pyridine
  20. Draw pyridine.
  21. Name this solvent giving it's acronym and name.

    • THF
    • tetrahydrofuran
  22. Draw the solvent THF (tetrahydrofuran).
  23. Name this solvent giving it's acronym and name.

    • DMF
    • (dimethylformamide)
    • Me2NCHO
  24. Draw the solvent DMF(dimethylformamide).
  25. Name this solvent giving it's acronym and name.

    • DMSO
    • dimethylsulfoxide.
  26. Draw the solvent DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide).
  27. What is this fragment's trivial name?

    vinyl.
  28. Draw the vinyl fragment.
  29. What is this fragment's trivial name?

    acetyl

    (IUPAC: MeCO-, ethanoyl)
  30. Draw the acetyl fragment.
  31. What is this fragment's trivial name?

    allyl
  32. Draw the allyl fragment.
  33. What is this fragment's trivial name?

    phenyl
  34. Draw the phenyl fragment.
  35. What is this fragment's trivial name?

    benzyl
  36. Draw the benzyl fragment.
  37. What is this fragment's trivial name?

    isopropyl
  38. Draw the isopropyl fragment.
  39. What is this fragment's trivial name?
    isobutyl
  40. Draw the isobutyl fragment.
  41. What is this fragment's trivial name?

    sec-butyl
  42. Draw the sec-butyl fragment.
  43. What is this fragment's trivial name?

    tert-butyl
  44. Draw the tert-butyl fragment.
  45. Give the abbreviation used for methyl in diagrams.
    Me
  46. Give the abbreviation used for ethyl in diagrams.
    Et
  47. Give the abbreviation used for propyl in diagrams.
    Pr (or n-Pr)
  48. Give the abbreviation used for butyl in diagrams.
    Bu (or n-Bu)
  49. Give the abbreviation used for phenyl in diagrams.
    Ph
  50. Give the abbreviation used for acetyl in diagrams.
    Ac
  51. Give the abbreviation used for benzyl in diagrams.
    Bn
  52. Give the abbreviation used for alkyl groups in diagrams.
    R
  53. Give the abbreviation used for any aromatic ring in diagrams.
    Ar
  54. Give the abbreviation used for isopropyl fragmments.
    i-Pr
  55. Give the abbreviation used for the isobutyl fragment.
    i-Bu
  56. Give the abbreviation used for the sec-butyl fragment.
    s-Bu
  57. Give the abbreviation used for the tert-butyl fragment.
    t-Bu
  58. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    Me
    methyl

  59. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    Et
    ethyl

  60. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    Pr (or n-Pr)
    propyl

  61. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    Bu (or n-Bu)
    butyl

  62. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    Ph
    phenyl

  63. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    Bn
    benzyl

  64. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    Ac
    acetyl

  65. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams?

    R
    alkyl groups

    e.g. methyl, ethyl, consisting solely of single-bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms.
  66. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    i-Pr
    isopropyl

  67. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    i
    -Bu
    isobutyl

  68. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    s-Bu
    sec-butyl

  69. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams? Give the name and diagram.

    t-Bu
    tert-butyl

  70. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams?

    Ar
    aryl - any aromatic ring.
  71. What does this abbreviation stand for in diagrams?

    X
    halides - F, Cl, Br or I
  72. Which is more reactive, vinyl or allyl?

    vinyl

    allyl
    Allyl.

    The vinyl group is attached directly to the double bonded C=C carbon atom whilst the allyl group is attached via the adjacent carbon atom.
  73. Which is more reactive, phenyl or benzyl?

    phenyl

    benzyl
    Benzyl.

    • The phenyl group is attached directly via a ring carbon
    • atom whilst the benzyl group is attached via a carbon atom attached to the ring.

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