MS transfusion reactions

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Author:
Gandrews
ID:
103134
Filename:
MS transfusion reactions
Updated:
2011-09-20 19:06:29
Tags:
MS
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Description:
MS
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  1. occur most often in the pt with anti WBC antibodies. Pt has chills, tachycard, fever, hypotension and tachypnea
    Febrile t reaction
  2. Caused by blood type or RH incompatibilty. Antigen/antibody complex destroy the transfused cells and start an inflammatory process.
    Hemolytic t reaction
  3. Most often seen in pt's with an allergy. Rash, ithcing, bronchospasm, anaphylaxis (within 24 hours)
    Allergic t reacion
  4. Infusion of contaminated blood products (present with usual symptoms: fever, chills, hkypotension, shock)
    Bacterial transfusion reactions
  5. rare but life threatening problem that can occur in both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent pt's. Donor T cells attack host tissues.
    TA-GVHD
  6. donating blood before surgery
    preoperative
  7. withdrawal of pt's RBC and volume replacement just before surgical procedure
    Acute normovolemic hemodilution
  8. blood salavage after surgery
    postop blood salvage
  9. Recovery and reinfusion of pt's own bloodfrom an operative field or from bloeeding wound. for pt's with severe blood loss.
    Intraoperative autologous transfusion

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