MS transfusion reactions
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occur most often in the pt with anti WBC antibodies. Pt has chills, tachycard, fever, hypotension and tachypnea
Febrile t reaction
Caused by blood type or RH incompatibilty. Antigen/antibody complex destroy the transfused cells and start an inflammatory process.
Hemolytic t reaction
Most often seen in pt's with an allergy. Rash, ithcing, bronchospasm, anaphylaxis (within 24 hours)
Allergic t reacion
Infusion of contaminated blood products (present with usual symptoms: fever, chills, hkypotension, shock)
Bacterial transfusion reactions
rare but life threatening problem that can occur in both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent pt's. Donor T cells attack host tissues.
donating blood before surgery
withdrawal of pt's RBC and volume replacement just before surgical procedure
Acute normovolemic hemodilution
blood salavage after surgery
postop blood salvage
Recovery and reinfusion of pt's own bloodfrom an operative field or from bloeeding wound. for pt's with severe blood loss.
Intraoperative autologous transfusion
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