Pharmacology Exam II

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kornberg
ID:
103182
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Pharmacology Exam II
Updated:
2011-09-21 08:28:58
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Dalton State Pharmacology Test II
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Dalton State Pharmacology Test II
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  1. cap
    capsule
  2. dr
    dram
  3. elix
    elixir
  4. g, gm, G, GM
    gram
  5. gr
    grain
  6. gtt
    drops
  7. kg
    kilogram
  8. l or L
    liter
  9. m2
    square meter
  10. mcg
    microgram
  11. mEq
    milliequivalent
  12. mg
    milligram
  13. mL, ml
    milliliter
  14. m, min
    minim
  15. oz
    ounce
  16. pt
    pint
  17. qu
    quart
  18. SR
    sustained release
  19. __
    ss, SS
    one half
  20. supp
    suppository
  21. susp
    supension
  22. T.O.
    telephone order
  23. T, tbsp
    tablespoon
  24. t, tsp
    teaspoon
  25. V.O.
    verbal order
  26. A.D., ad
    right ear
  27. A.S., as
    left ear
  28. A.U. au
    both ears
  29. ID
    intradermal
  30. IM
    intramuscular
  31. IV
    intravenous
  32. IVPB
    intravenous piggyback
  33. KVO
    keep vein open
  34. L
    left
  35. NGT
    nasogastric tube
  36. O.D., od
    right eye
  37. O.S., os
    left eye
  38. O.U., ou
    both eyes
  39. PO, po, os
    by mouth
  40. SC, subc, sc, SQ, subQ
    subcutaneous
  41. TKO, more frequently seen as KVO
    to keep open, keep vein open
  42. Vag
    vaginal
  43. AC, ac
    before meals
  44. ad lib
    as desired
  45. B.i.d., b.i.d.
    twice a day
  46. __
    c
    with
  47. Hs
    hour of sleep
  48. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  49. PC, pc
    after meals
  50. PRN, p.r.n.
    whenever necessary, as needed
  51. Q
    every
  52. Qam
    every morning
  53. Qh
    every hour
  54. q2h
    every 2 hours
  55. q4h
    every four hours
  56. q6h
    every six hours
  57. q8h
    every eight hours
  58. __
    s
    without
  59. SOS
    once is necessary; if there is a need
  60. Stat
    immediately
  61. T.i.d, t.i.d.
    three times a day
  62. 1 GR=__________mg
    60
  63. 16 minims=__________mL
    1 mL
  64. 5 mL=________tsp
    1
  65. 1 tsp=_________dram
    5 mL=________ dram
    1
  66. 1 PT=_______mL
    500
  67. 1 PT =_______OZ
    16
  68. 1 oz=_______mL
    30
  69. 1 glass = _____ oz
    8
  70. 1 kg =____lbs
    2.2
  71. 1 mg =______mcg
    1000
  72. 1 L=____oz
    32
  73. 1 inch=_____com
    2.54
  74. 1 medium glass=_________oz
    8
  75. 1 coffe cup = _______oz
    6
  76. 1 ounce =______TBS
    2
  77. 1 tsp=___drops (gtt)
    60
  78. 1 drop=____minin (min,m)
    1
  79. Five + five rights
    • 1. right client, 2. right drug, 3. right dose, 4. right time, 5. right route
    • 1. right assessment, 2. right documentation, 3. client's right to education, 4. right evaluation, 5. client's right to refuse
  80. Nurse's Six Rights
    • 1. right to complete clear order
    • 2. right to have the correct drug
    • 3. righ to access to information
    • 4. right to plicies to guide safe medication administration
    • 5. right to administer medications safely and identify system problems
    • 6. right to stop, think, and be vigilant when administering medications
  81. Components of a drug order
    • date and time
    • drug name
    • drug dosage
    • route of administration
    • frequency and duration
    • any special instructions for witholding or adjusting dosage based on nursing assessment, drug effectiveness, or lab results
    • physician or other health care provider's signature or name if TO or VO
    • Signatures of licensed practioners taking TO or VO
  82. How many times should a drug label be read while preparing a medicine? What are those times?
    • 1. at the time of contact with the drug bottle/container
    • 2. before measuring the drug
    • 3. after measuring the drug
  83. What are other steps in preparing medicines that should be taken to avoid drug errors?
    • know the client's health history
    • make sure medication order is complete and legible
    • know the client's allergies
    • know the reason the client is to have the medication
    • know the date the med was ordered and ending date
    • always check-patient (two forms of ID), medication, dose amount, route, time,
    • check expiration
    • make sure that medication names are not confused
  84. What are the categories of drug orders? Describe and give examples
  85. Nursing Interventions for "Right Client"
    • verify with two forms of ID
    • distinguish between two clients with the same last name-have warnings highlighted in a bright color
    • be aware of patient allergies-may involve using patient's ID bracelt (dependent on facility
    • carefully and correctly identify patient in settings where ID bracelets are not used
  86. What sources could you use to get information about drugs?
  87. According the the Joint commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) what abbreviations, acronyms, and symbols must not be used by accredited organizations?
    • U for unit-write unit
    • IU for international unit-write international unit
    • Q.D., Q.O.D.-wite daily or every other day
    • Trailing zero or lack of leading zero
    • MS MSO4 MgSO4 write morphine sulfate, or magnesium sulfate
    • symbol for microgram, write mcg
    • T.I.W.-write 3 times weekly
    • c.c. write mL
    • A.S., A.D. A.U. write left ear, right ear both ears
    • O.S., O.D., O.U write left eye, right eye, both eyes
  88. What factors modifly drug responses with respects to absorption, distribution, metabolism, toxicity, pharmacogenetics, tolerance, and cumulative effect?
  89. 5 FDA Pregnancy Categories
    • A No risk to fetus.
    • B No risk in animal studies and well controlled studies ni pregnant wormen are not available
    • C Animal studies indicate

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