Card Set Information
Motivation and Work
Motivation and Work
a need or desire that energizes and directs behaviour.
a complex behaviour that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.
the idea that a physiological need creates a drive that motivate an organism to satisfy the need. e.g.) eat or drink
The tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state.
a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behaviour.
Heirarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become more active.
the point at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolism rate may act to restore the lost weight.
Basal metabolic rate
the rate of energy expenditure for maintaining basic body functions when the body is at rest.
Sexual response cycle
the 4 stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson --excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution.
a resting period after an orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm.
a problem that consistenly impairs sexual arousal or functioning.
a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with the diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement in one's skill.
the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behaviour in workplaces.
a subfield of I/O psychology that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, training, appraisal, and development.
a subfield of I/O psychology that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity and facilitates organizational change.
interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants, each of whome is rated on established scales.
judgements based on personal qualities rather than on-the-job behaviour.
Leniency and Severity errors
Blanket judgements treating everyone too nicely or harshly.
Judgements based on easily remembered recent behaviour.
a desire for significant accomplishment
goal-oriented leadership that sets standards, organizes work, and focuses attention on goals.
group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support.