Card Set Information
EMR Class 6
Force acting over distance (movement)
Energy of moving object (velocity)
Product of weight, gravity, and height
Significant Mechanisms of Injury (MOI)?
Severe deformities to the frontal part of the vehicle (> 20 cm intrusion)
Moderate intrusion from a T-bone accident
Severe damage from the rear
Collisions in which rotation is involved
Death of an occupant
No seatbelt or airbag deployment
Star crack on windshield (Head injury)
Newton’s First Law
Objects at rest tend to stay at rest, and objects in motion tend to stay in motion, unless they are acted upon by some force
Newton’s Second Law
Force (F) is Mass (M) times Acceleration (A)
Newton’s Third Law
For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction
Three collisions occur in a crash?
Car vs. Object
Patient vs. Car
Organs/Structures vs. Patient
Sizing a Neck collar?
Measure to the inside markings
: Angle of the jaw to the top of the trapezius muscle
Bottom part of the plastic to...
Lift up your highest finger - It's sized to the last hole that the highest finger covers
Size it, and lock it
Little plastic pin lines up to the sternum (center)
Can you open your mouth?
Can you breath basically
Can you swallow?
No hyper-extended the neck
If they are between sizes, go slightly too small as this wont hyper extend their neck
Getting pt. onto a backboard?
Always roll onto the undamaged side
1. Log roll onto side (EMS @Head in charge)
2. Check DCAPPBTLS & TIC
3. EMS @Shoulder pulls BBoard closer
4. Roll on
5. V-Slide down to middle, then up to top
6. Shoulder to hip
7. Shoulder to hip
8. Hip to knee
9. Hip to knee
10. Head blocks beside head
11. Star pattern across head
12. One under the chin
13. Partner may now let go
If bilateral damaged?
1. Size it
2. Disconnect halves
3. Walk the other half around the pt.
4. Head end snaps first
5. Make sure not to pinch their spine and stuff
6. Clip bottom
11. Head blocks + Star + chin
12. Partner may let go
13. Scoop is lifted…
14. Check DCAPPBTLS & TIC
15. ...strapped to BBoard with 3 straps
16. Whole thing on gurney with 3 straps
Stable sitting Pt. only (so not gonna see it)
No MOI, unwitnessed unconscious?
C-Collar as we have no idea
We look at the conjunctiva becuase?
it doesn't matter what their skin color is.