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Fatalities from abuse
Child maltreatment vs. child abuse
anything that can be harmful to child
physical or sexual
Mandated Reporters in South Carolina
- Healthcare professionals
- mental health professionals social workers
- educational/childcare profesinals
- law enforcement/DSS (24/7)
- film processors/computer tech.
- (everyone else is a permissive reporter)
Mandatory Reporting Laws
1962-Dr. Henry Kempe -Battered child syndrome- said that drs should be able to pick out these things. "spiral fracture"
1967-reporting laws in all states but only applied to physicians
Required levelof suspician for mandated reporting
if they SUSPECT it, then youhave to report it. you dont have to know for a fact that it is happening. "reason to believe"
What constitues "reason to believe?"
- legal statutes are of limited help
- reasonable professional standard (teavher cant look at fracture and say its spiral. they dont have the expertise)
- training in recognizing the signs
- knowledge of state laws
- inform parents of report before filing
- pros should operate within limits of their roles
- when transfering case, keep up/verify that they reported it
- keep thurough/detailed records
Study 1987 - 40% of mandated reporters suspected abuse but didnt report...
- did own investigation; decided against it
- bad for me; selfish reasons
- bad for family; dont trust system
Failure to report;
professiona, civil, and legal liability
- loss of licenses/credentials
- $500 fine/6 moths in jail
Immunity from liability doesnt mea;
immune from maltreatment for mandated reporters. (ex. teacher in bioiling springs, partying with the kids)
immunity from liability does mean;
if m.r. oes make a report, then they are immune from legal liability
$5,000 fine and or 90 days in jail
How to report
Provide as much info as possible
- has to be specific allegation
- have to be able to lovate child(name address...)
- Provide your name and contact info.
DSS vs. law enforcement
- DSS deals with legal guargian/parents
- Pigs deal with people outside family; teacher who abused student
In loco parentis
caregiver, parent, guardian, live-in boyfriend/girlfriend
Identified vs. undetected maltreatment
- identified=more severe cases
- undetected= more sexually, verbal abuse
way of thinking everything bad that the child does, i attribute that to the "evilness" of the child
Limited Cognitive flexibility and/or limited problem solving skills;
only thinking of one way to punish/help
Intentionality of the violence:
- accidentally pushed/hi, maybe while trying to protect a parent.
- Accidentally hurting kid while "horse playing"
- Fetal abuse
- -(connor's law)
- Accidental/collateral injury
Evolution from domestic violence to child abuse:
- Domestic violence usually comes first
- Exposure to Domestic violence is greater among younger kids
- Abused women are 2 times more likely, than non abused women, to abuse children
- Male batterers are 2X more likely than battered women to abuse kids
- Severity of abuse to women is directly linked to the severity of the abuse to children
Temporal connection between d.v. and alcohol abuse
cant say for sure that alcohol abuse CAUSES domestic violence, but they are both present. They co-occur together.
Effects of exposure to domestic violence
- Aggressive behavior/anti-sociality
- Low self-esteem
- Learning problems/acedemic problems
- Inter personal problems (friendships/relationships)