Card Set Information
Ch. 3 Endocrine
The glands of the Endocrine System are?
Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus, Pancreas, Adrenals, Gonads, Pineal
The gland that serves as the junction between the CNS and the Endocrine system is the?
The hormones released by the Hypothalamus are?
Growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH), Growth hormone inhibiting hormone (GHIH), Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH), Thryotropin releasing hormone (TRH), Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), Prolactin releasing hormone (PRH), Prolactin inhibiting hormone (PIH)
The _______ _________ _________ responds to nerve impulses from the hypothalamus.
Posterior Pituitary Gland
The ________ _________ ________ responds to hypothalamic hormones.
Anterior Pituitary Gland
What two hormones does the posterior pituitary produce?
Antidiruretic Hormone (ADH) and Oxytocin
Another name for Antidiuretic hormone is _________?
The retention of water, or antidiuretic effect, results in what body responses?
Increased circulating blood volume and decreased urine output.
Part of the homeostatic mechanism that can conteract blood loss of up to 25% is?
Increased secretion of ADH
A disorder caused by inadequate ADH secretion resulting in large volumes of urine is called?
The hormone responsible for stimulation of uterine contraction and lactation is?
Growth hormone is secreted by which gland?
The anterior pituitary
The thyroid gland secretes what hormones?
Thyroxine T4 - (stimulates metabolism), Triiodothyronine T3 - (stimulates metabolism), Calcitonin - (lowers blood Ca levels)
The parathyroid hormone (PTH) causes what effect?
Increased Ca levels
The Thymosin hormone, produced in the Thymus, is responsible for?
Maturation of T lymphocytes
The tissues that secrete enzymes into the intestines from the pancreas that are essential in the digestion of fat and proteins are called?
Exocrine tissues or Acini
The microscopic endocrine tissues found in the pancreas are known as?
Islets of Langerhans
The three most important types of cells in the Islets of Langerhans are termed?
Alpha, Beta, Delta
The alpha cells of the pancreas produce which hormone?
Glucagon - increases blood glucose
The beta cells of the pancreas produce which hormone?
The breakdown of glycogen to glucose is called
The conversion of protein and fat to produce glucose is called?
Delta cells produce what hormone?
The inner portion of the adrenal gland is called
The adrenal medulla
The cells inside of the adrenal medulla behave in which two ways?
As nerve cells and as endocrine cells
When nerve impulses stimulate the adrenal medulla is produces which catecholamine hormones?
The outer portion of then adrenal gland is called?
The adrenal cortex
The three classes of seroidal hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex are?
Glucocorticoids, Mineralcorticoids, Androgenics
The glucocorticoid hormone that increases the blood glucose level by promoting gluconeogenesis is?
The mineralocoritcoid that contributes mostly to salt and fluid balance by regulation of Na and K is?
The endocrine glands in both males and females responsible for the sexual maturation of puberty are?
The overies produce what hormones?
Estrogen, Progestrone, and Testosterone
The testes produce what hormone?