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2011-09-21 14:13:06
Endocrine System

Ch. 3 Endocrine
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  1. The glands of the Endocrine System are?
    Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Thymus, Pancreas, Adrenals, Gonads, Pineal
  2. The gland that serves as the junction between the CNS and the Endocrine system is the?
    The Hypothalamus
  3. The hormones released by the Hypothalamus are?
    Growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH), Growth hormone inhibiting hormone (GHIH), Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH), Thryotropin releasing hormone (TRH), Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), Prolactin releasing hormone (PRH), Prolactin inhibiting hormone (PIH)
  4. The _______ _________ _________ responds to nerve impulses from the hypothalamus.
    Posterior Pituitary Gland
  5. The ________ _________ ________ responds to hypothalamic hormones.
    Anterior Pituitary Gland
  6. What two hormones does the posterior pituitary produce?
    Antidiruretic Hormone (ADH) and Oxytocin
  7. Another name for Antidiuretic hormone is _________?
  8. The retention of water, or antidiuretic effect, results in what body responses?
    Increased circulating blood volume and decreased urine output.
  9. Part of the homeostatic mechanism that can conteract blood loss of up to 25% is?
    Increased secretion of ADH
  10. A disorder caused by inadequate ADH secretion resulting in large volumes of urine is called?
    Diabetes Insipidus
  11. The hormone responsible for stimulation of uterine contraction and lactation is?
  12. Growth hormone is secreted by which gland?
    The anterior pituitary
  13. The thyroid gland secretes what hormones?
    Thyroxine T4 - (stimulates metabolism), Triiodothyronine T3 - (stimulates metabolism), Calcitonin - (lowers blood Ca levels)
  14. The parathyroid hormone (PTH) causes what effect?
    Increased Ca levels
  15. The Thymosin hormone, produced in the Thymus, is responsible for?
    Maturation of T lymphocytes
  16. The tissues that secrete enzymes into the intestines from the pancreas that are essential in the digestion of fat and proteins are called?
    Exocrine tissues or Acini
  17. The microscopic endocrine tissues found in the pancreas are known as?
    Islets of Langerhans
  18. The three most important types of cells in the Islets of Langerhans are termed?
    Alpha, Beta, Delta
  19. The alpha cells of the pancreas produce which hormone?
    Glucagon - increases blood glucose
  20. The beta cells of the pancreas produce which hormone?
  21. The breakdown of glycogen to glucose is called
  22. The conversion of protein and fat to produce glucose is called?
  23. Delta cells produce what hormone?
  24. The inner portion of the adrenal gland is called
    The adrenal medulla
  25. The cells inside of the adrenal medulla behave in which two ways?
    As nerve cells and as endocrine cells
  26. When nerve impulses stimulate the adrenal medulla is produces which catecholamine hormones?
    epinephrine, norepinephrine
  27. The outer portion of then adrenal gland is called?
    The adrenal cortex
  28. The three classes of seroidal hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex are?
    Glucocorticoids, Mineralcorticoids, Androgenics
  29. The glucocorticoid hormone that increases the blood glucose level by promoting gluconeogenesis is?
  30. The mineralocoritcoid that contributes mostly to salt and fluid balance by regulation of Na and K is?
  31. The endocrine glands in both males and females responsible for the sexual maturation of puberty are?
  32. The overies produce what hormones?
    Estrogen, Progestrone, and Testosterone
  33. The testes produce what hormone?