Card Set Information
Terrorist Types (7)
a radical who employs terror as a political weapon
Terrorist vs Insurgents
Terrorists do NOT operate openly
Insurgents attempt to sieze/hold territory
Terrorists vs Guerillas
Guerillas operate openly
attempt to seize/hold territory
operate as a military unitd
sovereignty over areas & populations
Terrorist vs Criminal
Both use violence to attain specific needs
Criminal have no message, not looking for public opinion, motivated by pesonal needs, just wants his & to escape quickly
When, where, & what was the orgin of the word Terrorism?
18th century, French Revolution, "regime de la terreur" meaning reign of terror
French Revolution Leader's name?
"is nothing but justice, prompt, severe, & flexible
: it is therefore an emanation of virtue."
July 1794 by guilletien
3 types of terrorist moralities:
believe that society/law are true trrsts
guilt transfer type of tactics
see themselves as outlaws
Narodnaya Volya said they....
admitted they were terrst
1940's jewish group LEHI admitted....
they used terrst tactics but said they werent terrsts
1960's Brazilian revolutionary Carlos Marighela said...
we're urban guerrillas not urban terrorists
1970 United Nations could not establish policy regarding terrorists activities because...
due to 3rd world countries
the 4 US depts that have their own definition for terrorist:
Dept Of State
Dept Of Justice
Dept of Defense
Sicarri & Zealots
77 BC uprising against Roman occupiers
open attacks & chemical warfare (poison water)
existed 1200 years
killed as many as 1 million people
secrecy was key to their success
terrorised middle east
Fenian Brotherhood & the Irish Revolutionary Brotherhood
Founded in 1858 by John O'Mahony
against British rule
came from Ireland to US following the potato famine
Klu Klux Klan
most evil secret society in the US
founded by Civil War Confederacy soldiers in Tennessee in 1865
Name derived from the Greek kylos meaning circle; Klan was added to balance the term
1st stage of the KKK?
secret & violent, organized to intimidate & spread fear among blacks
white hoods & robes
Enemies includes catholics, jews, foreigners & organized labor
NO LONGER SECRET
Renewed interest due to civil rights movement
: to intimidate blacks & civil rights workers
: bombings (over 100 detonated)
labeled a 'terrorist organization' in 2003
Surge in membership in 2006 due to illegal immigration, gay marriages, & urban crime