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What is the definition of power?
Power is the ability of one person to get another person to do as he/she wishes
What is authority?
Authority is the right to use power
Are authority and power the same thing?
Are the powers of the national government shrinking or growing?
What is the concept of Legitimacy?
Legitimacy government actions cite a law or constitution as a source of governmental right
What sort of things make a society democratic?
- *Free elections
- *Free speech
- *Free press
What is democratic centralism?
Interests of the masses decided by party elites
What is direct democracy?
Most individual citizens are involved in holding office or making policy
What is representative democracy?
Individuals acquire power by competing for votes
How can direct democracy lead to bad decisions?
Easily leads to tyranny of the majority
(James Madison; Federalist 10)
What is majoritarian politics?
Office holders will follow the preferences of citizens very closely
How do political elites affect nonmajoritarian politics?
In nonmajoritarian politics, elites have a disproportionate share of power and influence over events
In the power elite theory, what groups make up the coalition that runs the government? What advantages do these groups have over society at large?
Corporate leaders, top military officers, and a handful of key politicians. They have the advantages of wealth, status, and organization posistions
How does the bureaucratic model explain the machinations of government?
All institutions have fallen under control of the bureaucrats
What is pleuralism?
So many groups are competing for power that one group has a monopoly
What is hyperpleuralism?
So many groups are competing for power that nothing gets done
How has public expectations of government changed from the 1920's to the Reagan Era?
- *Prior to '20's: Little interaction with federal government
- *'30's-'70's: Government was expected to solve all of our problems
- *'80's-'90's: Failed attempt at shrinking the government
- *Now: The government is bigger and more powerful than ever
What is the republican public interest?
- *Lower taxes
- *Less government regulation
- *Protecting Judo-Christian societal foundation
What is the democratic public interest?
- *Social welfare programs
- *Civil liberties
What is the african-american public interest?
- *Civil rights
- *Job creation
What is the hispanic-american public interest?
What is the environmental groups public interest?
- *Clean energy
- *Stopping sprawl
What is the farmers public interest?
What makes American democracy unique?
Bill of Rights, Checks and Balances, two-party system
What are the major problems associated with the Articles of Confederation?
- *Can't raise taxes
- *Can't raise an army
- *No power to regulate interstate commerce
What motivated the framers of the Constitution?
Recognition of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
What role did Shay's Rebellion play in framing the Constitution?
It was a catalyst for the constitutional convention
What was Locke's role with the Constitution?
The government exists only to protect the life, liberty, and property of its people
What was Montesquieu's role with the Constitution?
Separation of powers
What was Rousseau's role with the Constitution?
Man should not be subject to the whims of despots (tyrants)
What are the three major elements of the Virginia Plan?
- 1. Three branches of government
- 2. Bicameral legislature
- 3. One house would be directly elected by the people, the second house would be chosen by the members of the first house
What are two major elements of the Jersey Plan?
- 1. Unicameral
- 2. One vote per state
What is the Connecticut Compromise?
Two houses: One directly elected, one appointed by state legislatures
What is the 3/5ths Compromise?
Slaves count as 3/5 of a person
In what two ways can the Constitution be amended?
- *By having 2/3 of the house and senate votes
- *By having 3/4 of the state legislature votes
What is a unitary government?
One national level, no state or local levels.
What is a federal government?
National and state levels, with national being dominant
What is a confederal government?
National and state levels, with state being dominant
In what ways does a presidential system differ from a parliment?
- *President is chosen at large
- *Prime Minister is chosen by majority in paliament
- *Prime Ministers are part of the legislative branch
- *Prime Minister is always guaranteed a majority
What is article 1 in the Constitution?
Sets up the legislative branch
What is article 2 in the Constitution?
Sets up the executive branch
What is article 3 in the Constitution?
Sets up judicial branch
What is article 4 in the Constitution?
Full faith in credit
What is article 5 in the Constitution?
What is article 6 in the Constitution?
(States can't nullify federal laws)
What is article 7 in the Constitution?
What is the process of impeachment?
Accusation -> Simple majority -> 218 House votes -> Goes to Senate for trial -> Needs 67 votes from Senate to impeach
What fraction of the house and the senate both must vote to override a presidential veto?
What is a bill of attainer?
Being found guilty without a trial
What is an ex post facto law?
Being found guilty of something that wasn't illegal when you did it
With regards to interstate trade, what does the Constitution prohibit?
No tariffs between states
In article 2, section 2 of the Constitution, what formal powers are given to the president?
- *Issue pardons
- *Appoint officials
- *Commander and chief
- *Make treaties
In article 3, what types of jurisdiction are granted to the Supreme Court?
Original and Appellate
What is the first amendment?
Free: *Speech *Press *Religion *Assembly *Petition
What is the second amendment?
The right to bear arms
What is the third amendment?
Prohibits quartering of troops
What is the fourth amendment?
Prohibits unreasonable search and seizure
What are the fifth and sixth amendments?
Rights to a lawyer, speedy trial, right to face your accuser
*Rights of the accused*