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What is technological utopianism?
technology brings an idyllic human society on earth.
What is technological dystopianism?
idea that technology brings about a chaotic undesirable human society on earth
How does Lotz feel about the ultimate impact of technology?
It depends on a range of factors that come from both within and beyond the technology itself.
What is technological determinism?
- theoretical perspective that says that a technology's potentialities determine how that technology will affect the media industries and society. It gives strong powers to the technologies surrounding us.
- An example would be tech utopianism and dystopianism.
What is cultural determinism?
The belief that the cultural uses of technology determine how that technology influences industry and society
What is a result of digitalization?
Do all technologies have inherent potentialities?
Yes, and they are only partly understood by the creators and distributors. These intersect with culture, regulation, and economics.
What is the Circuit of Cultural Production?
- A model that identifies 5 cultural processes that affect cultural goods:
What is a model for understanding the complexity of technological change?
circuit of cultural production
What is representation?
The attributes or characteristics that the company making the technology tries to associate with
What is identity?
attributes, characteristics, and purposes that come to be associated with technology regardless of manufacturer's intent.
What is production?
- considers how-
- processes of production,
- systems of organization,
- aspects such as how it is manufactured and where,
- and what type of company owns it all
- -contribute to use of technology
What is consumption?
incorporates how audiences/consumers use the technology examining who uses it and how do they use it?
What is regulation?
- formal regulation enforced by government
- informal regulation such as manufacturing norms agreed upon within industries or norms of use adopted by those using technology
What is a natural monopoly?
some industries can only operate efficiently and profitably if they are controlled by a single monopoly organization.
What are common carriers?
telecommunications network operators that do not originate media content, such as the telephone industry
What does it mean to cross-subsidize?
it is a means to use profits from one business activity to cover losses in another, a common practice in media conglomerates.
What are three principles at play in economics and regulation?
- 1. Industry structure: natural monopolies and common carriers
- 2. Cross subsidies
- 3. Localism
What is remediation?
When production practices and textual features of a new medium influence an older medium.
Does technology change media texts?
No, but it does open up opportunities for new textual practices that certain entrepreneurs pursue