Infetious Disease

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Infetious Disease
2011-09-21 14:47:59
Therapeutics III

Section II
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  1. Medications used to stop or slow the growth of specific microbes
  2. Medications used to stop or slow the growth of bateria in the body
  3. Used to assess the magnitude of injury to immune system. Used to determine when to initiate therapy and monitor the effectiveness of HIV and AIDS treatment
    CD4+ Count
  4. disease constantly present in a population
  5. greater than normal number of cases of a disease in an area within a particular period
  6. contamination of any body tissue and organ by an invading organism or foreign substance, such as a microorganism
  7. Achieved by infection or vaccination
    Active immunity
  8. When immunity is transferred from an immune donor (mother to newborn)
    Passive Immunity
  9. The largest of the microorganisms
  10. Flesh-eating disease or flesh-eating bacteria due to group A streptococcus
    Necrotizing Fasciitis
  11. Infection of the fluid around the spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. Often affects children and young adults
    Bacterial Meningitis
  12. Caused by a spirochete the 1st symptom is a rash, followed by flu like symptom. Will kill you
    Lyme's Disease
  13. Symptoms are red, tender spots under the skin of the fingers know as Osler's nodes. Also include fever, weakness and heart murmur caused by mouth bacteria that make a home on the cardiac valves
  14. a fever that happens to people 4 to 18 followed by streptococcal, or after untreated strep throat
    Rheumatic Fever
  15. Caused by pathogens S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and mycoplasma
    Otitis Media
  16. refers to pneumonia acquired in common places like school, work, or the gym
    Community-acquired pneumonia
  17. pneumonia acquired in medical facilities
  18. A type of pneumonia that occurs when foreign matter is inhaled into the lungs
    Aspiration pneumonia
  19. A pneumonia acquired in a any social environment
  20. Symptoms include skaing, chills, high fever, sweating, shortness of breath, chest pain, and a cough that produces thick, greenish or yellowish phlegm.
  21. A dry, non- productive cough may indicate a viral infection instead of bacteria
  22. Microbes that can grow in the water of air-conditioning cooling towers and have been found to inhabit the water lines of many hospitals causes what?
    Legionnaires Disease
  23. C. difficileproduces toxins that cause diarrhea. C. difficile grows due to lack of competition. If diarrhea begins a few days after starting certain antibiotics, immediately contact the physician
    Clostridium Difficile
  24. Knownas the "silent" disease. Can lead to infertility, symptoms might occur 1 to 3 weeks after exposure
  25. Primary stage is a signle chancre sore that is firm, round, small and painless. Secondary is a rash and lesions, then can lay dormant for years.
  26. Incubation period averages 3 weeks or 2 weeks to several months
  27. The causative agent is Treponema Pallidum
  28. Chills, fever, HA, fatigue, sinus pain, gastrointestinal upset, and general muscular aches.
  29. Measles appear as a macular rash, beginning on the face and spreading to the trunk and extremities. Highly contagious that progesses to pneumonia secondary bacterial infections, or encephalitis
  30. An acute infection of the medulla oblongata, spinal cord, and nerves. Best known as a cause of paralysis however paralysis only affects less than 1% of infected.
  31. Relatively mild childhood disease. Chickenpox. Characterized by "itchy" vesicular lesions that become encrusted on the skin of the face, thorax, and back.
    Herpes Variella-Zoster Virus
  32. Caused by a human papilloma virus, sexually transmitted
    Genital Warts
  33. Vesicular lesions, "cold sores" or "fever blister" usually appear on the oral mucous membrane
    Herpes Simplex Virus-1
  34. Caused by vesicular lesions, usually in the genital area, that are preceded by a prodromal burning sensation
    Herpes Simplex Virus-2
  35. Symptoms are typicall malaise, HA, and low grade fever. Preced the development of the more specific signs of tonsillitis and/or pharyngitis, cervical lymph node enlargement and tenderness, and moderate to high fever