EPPP program Flash.txt

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EPPP program Flash.txt
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EPPP Practice Test
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  1. 1. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: c. Sublimation Explanation: Sublimation involves transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors. It is the most mature defense mechanism.
  2. 2. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously disavowing certain needs in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: b. Denial Explanation: Denial involves disavowing thoughts and needs that cause anxiety.
  3. 3. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is employing Fixation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
    The correct answer was: b. Returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope. Explanation: Fixation involves returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope with a need/thought.
  4. 4. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
    The correct answer was: e. Free Association Explanation: Free Association is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  5. 5. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing an under-developed sense of self-preservation, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: d. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  6. 6. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems not to have completed the Oedipal stage, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: a. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  7. 7. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is employing Intellectualization as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
    The correct answer was: e. Controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them. Explanation: Intellectualization involves controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them.
  8. 8. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
    The correct answer was: d. Transference Explanation: Transference is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  9. 9. Post-Partum Depression, Dysthymic Disorder and Double Depression are also related depressive disorders. From your knowledge of these disorders identify, from the following statements the one that is incorrect.
    The correct answer was: D. 30 - 50% experience post- partum blues. Explanation: Statement D is incorrect; 50 - 80% experience post-partum blues.
  10. 10. Seasonal Affective Disorder is characterized by depression, psychomotor retardation, hypersomnia and hyperphagia. From your understanding of this condition identify which of the following statements is incorrect.
    The correct answer was: E. Becks Cognitive Therapy is least effective in the treatment of this condition. Explanation: Statement E is incorrect; Becks Cognitive Therapy is most effective in the treatment of this condition.
  11. 11. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously transferring emotions to more acceptable objects in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: a. Displacement Explanation: Displacement involves transferring emotions to more acceptable objects. People with phobias displace fears onto objects.
  12. 12. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing desires through dreams and slips of the tongue, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: a. Id Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  13. 13. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michaels patient, Tanya, has had her defensive mechanisms fail to prevent unacceptable impulses from becoming conscious, what is Tanya likely feeling?
    The correct answer was: c. Anxiety Explanation: Anxiety occurs when defensive mechanisms fail to prevent unacceptable impulses from becoming conscious.
  14. 14. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously disavowing certain needs in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: b. Denial Explanation: Denial involves disavowing thoughts and needs that cause anxiety.
  15. 15. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is classifying all external objects as completely good or completely bad in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: a. Splitting Explanation: Splitting involves classifying external objects as all good or all bad.
  16. 16. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is employing Displacement as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
    The correct answer was: a. Transferring an emotion to a more acceptable object. Explanation: Displacement involves transferring emotions to more acceptable objects. People with phobias displace fears onto objects.
  17. 17. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is symbolically acting out in reverse an unacceptable event that has already happened in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: b. Undoing Explanation: Undoing involves the symbolic acting out in reverse of something unacceptable that has already been done.
  18. 18. A range of treatments are used to treat PTSD. Short-term therapy is preferred and if symptoms develop quickly the prognosis is good. Identify the correct treatment for the symptoms that are described that Reduce autonomic arousal.
    The correct answer was: D. Hypnosis and Relaxation. Explanation: "Hypnosis and Relaxation" is the treatment for Autonomic Arousal.
  19. 19. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously depositing unwanted feelings onto another person who accepts them in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: d. Projection Identification. Explanation: Projection Identification involves depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. This sometimes involves pressure.
  20. 20. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is using Projection as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
    The correct answer was: e. Attributing unacceptable wishes to another. Explanation: Projection involves attributing unacceptable wishes to others. It often includes prejudice and hyper-vigilance to danger.
  21. 21. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
    The correct answer was: a. Confrontation. Explanation: Confrontation is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  22. 22. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously attributing unacceptable wishes to others in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: e. Projection. Explanation: Projection involves attributing unacceptable wishes to others. It often includes prejudice and hyper-vigilance to danger.
  23. 23. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously returning to a developmental stage in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: b. Fixation. Explanation: Fixation involves returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope with a need/thought.
  24. 24. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hank�s patient�s behavior is characterized by a conscious mental process governed by the ego, what process is the patient undergoing?
    The correct answer was: a. Secondary process. Explanation: The secondary process is a conscious mental process governed by the ego. It is logical and sequential, and functions according to the reality principle.
  25. 25. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hanks patients behavior is manifesting itself in dreams, slips of the tongue, and jokes what process is the patient undergoing?
    The correct answer was: b. Primary Process. Explanation: The primary process is characterized by a lack of logic, by ease of substituting one idea for another, and by the immediate discharge of energy. It is seen in young children, dreams, slips of the tongue, and jokes.
  26. 26. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously giving a socially-acceptable reason to explain an unacceptable behavior in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: d. Rationalization. Explanation: Rationalization involves providing socially-acceptable reasons to explain unacceptable behaviors or thoughts.
  27. 27. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously disavowing certain needs in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: b. Denial. Explanation: Denial involves disavowing thoughts and needs that cause anxiety.
  28. 28. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richards patient, Sarah, is experiencing anxiety what does this represent?
    The correct answer was: d. Conflict. Explanation: Anxiety is a signal of some conflict.
  29. 29. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is exhibiting an over-developed need to order and classify things, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: b. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  30. 30. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously rejecting painful and shameful experiences in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: a. Repression. Explanation: Repression involves rejecting painful/shameful experiences. It prevents unacceptable impulses from reaching consciousness. Therapy is designed to bring conflicts out from repression.
  31. 31. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is exhibiting an over-developed need to order and classify things, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: b. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  32. 32. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is employing Fixation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
    The correct answer was: b. Returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope. Explanation: Fixation involves returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope with a need/thought.
  33. 33. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michaels patients behavior is characterized by a lack of logic, and by the ease of substitution of one idea with another, what process is the patient undergoing?
    The correct answer was: e. Primary Process. Explanation: The primary process is characterized by a lack of logic, by ease of substituting one idea for another, and by the immediate discharge of energy.
  34. 34. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing unusual aggression, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: c. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  35. 35. A range of treatments are used to treat PTSD. Short-term therapy is preferred and if symptoms develop quickly the prognosis is good. Identify the correct treatment for the symptoms that are described. Patient overwhelmed by the affect of the experience.
    The correct answer was: A. Crisis Intervention. Explanation: "Crisis Intervention" is used to treat patients who are overwhelmed by the affect of a traumatic experience.
  36. 36. Somatoform Disorders are characterized by physical symptoms that have no physiological cause and are believed attributable to psychological factors. Identify the following somatoform disorders from the descriptions given.
    Preoccupation with a non-existent physical flaw -seeks plastic surgery or dermatology.
    The correct answer was: E. Body Dysmorphic Disorder. Explanation: Body Dysmorphic Disorder matches the descriptor provided.
  37. 37. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Michael is explaining the patients underlying problems and leading the patient to catharsis, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
    The correct answer was: a. Interpretation. Explanation: Interpretation is given repeatedly when the patient is ready, and should lead to catharsis.
  38. 38. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
    The correct answer was: e. Free Association. Explanation: Free Association is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  39. 39. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously returning to a developmental stage in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: b. Fixation. Explanation: Fixation involves returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope with a need/thought.
  40. 40. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously disavowing certain needs in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: b. Denial. Explanation: Denial involves disavowing thoughts and needs that cause anxiety.
  41. 41. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is symbolically acting out in reverse an unacceptable event that has already happened in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: b. Undoing. Explanation: Undoing involves the symbolic acting out in reverse of something unacceptable that has already been done.
  42. 42. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is employing Sublimation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
    The correct answer was: c. Transferring libidinal urges to socially acceptable behaviors. Explanation: Sublimation involves transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors. It is the most mature defense mechanism.
  43. 43. Steve is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. So far, Steve has discussed his feelings about the session with the patient, and attempted to understand why the patient is resisting. What psychoanalytic step should be taken next?
  44. The correct answer was: b. Interpretation. Explanation: Interpretation of the patients problems are given repeatedly when the patient is ready. The goal is to lead to catharsis. This is the third step of the psychoanalytic process.
  45. 44. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems to be unable to suspend pleasure according to their environment, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: a. Ego Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  46. 45. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient has not internalized or has not received parental restrictions, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: b. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  47. 46. Anxiety Disorders describe conditions where anxiety is manifested through physical symptoms. They involve a subjective reaction and overt behavior, usually out of proportion. The following statements relate to Panic Disorder. Identify the statement that is incorrect.
    The correct answer was: A. Panic Disorder can be very serious in children. Explanation: Statement A is incorrect; Panic Disorder is not found in children because they cannot make catastrophic interpretations.
  48. 47. A wide range of treatments are available for mood disorders that include medication, Cognitive, Interpersonal and Behavioral Therapy. From your knowledge of the treatment of mood disorders answer the following questions. What is the proportion of patients that improve with antidepressants?
    The correct answer was: D. 60%. Explanation: The proportion of patients that improve with antidepressants is 60%.
  49. 48. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems to be completely dominated by the pleasure principle, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: e. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  50. 49. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is classifying all external objects as completely good or completely bad in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: a. Splitting. Explanation: Splitting involves classifying external objects as all good or all bad.
  51. 50. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Richards begins to act towards his supervisor in ways that parallel how the patient acts towards them, what is this process called?
    The correct answer was: e. Parallel Process. Explanation: Parallel process occurs when a therapist behaves towards the supervisor in ways that parallel how the patient acts towards them. It can be beneficial if the supervisor responds appropriately.
  52. 51. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is employing Displacement as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
    The correct answer was: a. Transferring an emotion to a more acceptable object. Explanation: Displacement involves transferring emotions to more acceptable objects. People with phobias displace fears onto objects.
  53. 52. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems to be unable to suspend pleasure according to their environment, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: a. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  54. 53. In relation to Mood Disorders there are a number of key concepts. In the following questions identify the Episode from the descriptors. At least a week of manic and depressive episodes every day - rapidly changing moods.
    The correct answer was: C. Mixed Episode. Explanation: "Mixed Episode" matches the descriptor provided.
  55. 54. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is using Rationalization as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
    The correct answer was: d. Providing a socially-acceptable reason to explain unacceptable behavior. Explanation: Rationalization involves providing socially-acceptable reasons to explain unacceptable behaviors or thoughts.
  56. 55. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
    The correct answer was: c. Sublimation. Explanation: Sublimation involves transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors. It is the most mature defense mechanism.
  57. 56. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richards patients behavior is manifesting itself in dreams, slips of the tongue, and jokes what process is the patient undergoing?
    The correct answer was: b. Primary Process. Explanation: The primary process is characterized by a lack of logic, by ease of substituting one idea for another, and by the immediate discharge of energy. It is seen in young children, dreams, slips of the tongue, and jokes.
  58. 57. In relation to Mood Disorders there are a number of key concepts. In the following questions identify the Episode from the descriptors. At least one week of elevated or irritable mood. Grandiosity, less need for sleep, talkative, flight of ideas, distractibility, risk-taking.
  59. The correct answer was: A. Manic Episode. Explanation: "Manic Episode" matches the descriptor provided.
  60. 58. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michael is encouraging the patient to project their feelings onto him, what psychoanalytic technique is Michael using?
  61. The correct answer was: a. Transference. Explanation: Transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  62. 59. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hanks patient, Tanya, has had her defensive mechanisms fail to prevent unacceptable impulses from becoming conscious, what is Tanya likely feeling?
  63. The correct answer was: c. Anxiety. Explanation: Anxiety occurs when defensive mechanisms fail to prevent unacceptable impulses from becoming conscious.
  64. 60. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously attributing unacceptable wishes to others in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
  65. The correct answer was: e. Projection. Explanation: Projection involves attributing unacceptable wishes to others. It often includes prejudice and hyper-vigilance to danger.
  66. 61. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  67. The correct answer was: c. Rationalization. Explanation: Rationalization is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  68. 62. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems out of touch with reality and unable to logically order their environment, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  69. The correct answer was: c. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  70. 63. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is using Projection as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  71. The correct answer was: e. Attributing unacceptable wishes to another. Explanation: Projection involves attributing unacceptable wishes to others. It often includes prejudice and hyper-vigilance to danger.
  72. 64. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously returning to a developmental stage in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  73. The correct answer was: b. Fixation. Explanation: Fixation involves returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope with a need/thought.
  74. 65. PTSD and Acute Stress Disorder are conditions that follow exposure to a severe and traumatic event such as death, serious injury or a serious threat, reacted with extreme fear, helplessness or horror. Although Acute Stress Disorder is similar to PTSD symptoms of this condition occur and last over a very precise time period. Which of the following describes that time period?
  75. The correct answer was: A. Symptoms occur within a month and last 1 month. Explanation: The symptoms of Acute Stress Disorder occur within 1 month and last 1 month.
  76. 66. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is exhibiting an over-developed need to order and classify things, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  77. The correct answer was: b. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  78. 67. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously depositing unwanted feelings onto another person who accepts them in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
  79. The correct answer was: d. Projection Identification. Explanation: Projection Identification involves depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. This sometimes involves pressure.
  80. 68. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously replacing unacceptable urges by their opposites in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
  81. The correct answer was: c. Reaction Formation. Explanation: Reaction Formation involves replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. It is characteristic of obsessive disorders.
  82. 69. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richard is encouraging the patient to project their feelings onto him, what psychoanalytic technique is Richard using?
  83. The correct answer was: a. Transference. Explanation: Transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  84. 70. General Anxiety Disorder is difficult to control and has many symptoms. It is characterized by anxiety and worry over what time period?
  85. The correct answer was: B. 6 months. Explanation: General Anxiety Disorder is characterized by anxiety and worry over a 6 month time period.
  86. 71. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is controlling his impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
  87. The correct answer was: e. Intellectualization. Explanation: Intellectualization involves controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them.
  88. 72. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems to be completely dominated by the pleasure principle, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  89. The correct answer was: e. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  90. 73. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems to be unable to suspend pleasure according to their environment, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  91. The correct answer was: a. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  92. 74. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is controlling his impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  93. The correct answer was: e. Intellectualization. Explanation: Intellectualization involves controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them.
  94. 75. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing a lack of moral behaviors and judgments, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  95. The correct answer was: c. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  96. 76. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing unusual aggression, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  97. The correct answer was: c. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  98. 7. In relation to Mood Disorders there are a number of key concepts. In the following questions identify the Episode from the descriptors. Two week period of depressive symptoms: sadness, hopelessness, difficulty concentrating, death thoughts, changes in sleep, weight change.
    The correct answer was: D. Major Depressive Episode. Explanation: Major Depressive Episode matches the descriptor provided.
  99. 78. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously rejecting painful and shameful experiences in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  100. The correct answer was: a. Repression. Explanation: Repression involves rejecting painful/shameful experiences. It prevents unacceptable impulses from reaching consciousness. Therapy is designed to bring conflicts out from repression.
  101. 79. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Michaels begins to act towards his supervisor in ways that parallel how the patient acts towards them, what is this process called?
  102. The correct answer was: e. Parallel Process. Explanation: Parallel process occurs when a therapist behaves towards the supervisor in ways that parallel how the patient acts towards them. It can be beneficial if the supervisor responds appropriately.
  103. 80. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Richard is explaining the patients underlying problems and leading the patient to catharsis, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  104. The correct answer was: a. Interpretation. Explanation: Interpretation is given repeatedly when the patient is ready, and should lead to catharsis.
  105. 81. Major Depressive Disorders are characterized by one or more major depressive episodes and no manic episodes. It can take the form of a single episode or be recurrent. What is the proportion of those diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorders who have a second episode within two years?
  106. The correct answer was: C. 50 - 60%. Explanation: The proportion of those diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorders who have a second episode within two years is 50 - 60%.
  107. 82. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Richard is trying to understand what, why, and how the patient is resisting, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  108. The correct answer was: e. Clarification. Explanation: Clarification involves the therapist trying to understand what, why, and how the patient is resisting.
  109. 83. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient has not internalized or has not received parental restrictions, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  110. The correct answer was: b. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  111. 84. Phobic disorders are characterized by intense, irrational fear and avoidance. Which of the following is not a feature of Social Phobia?
  112. The correct answer was: B. Common with alcohol and drug dependence. Explanation: Social Phobia is not common with alcohol and drug dependence.
  113. 85. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richards patients behavior is logical and sequential, what process is the patient undergoing?
  114. The correct answer was: c. Secondary process. Explanation: The secondary process is a conscious mental process governed by the ego. It is logical and sequential, and functions according to the reality principle.
  115. 86. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  116. The correct answer was: c. Sublimation. Explanation: Sublimation involves transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors. It is the most mature defense mechanism.
  117. 87. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is employing Projection Identification as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  118. The correct answer was: d. Depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. Explanation: Projection Identification involves depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. This sometimes involves pressure.
  119. 88. Major Depressive Disorders seem to be more common in females; marriage protects men against depression. What is the proportion of those diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorders that commit suicide?
  120. The correct answer was: C. 15%. Explanation: The proportion of those diagnosed with Major Depressive Episode that commits suicide is 15%.
  121. 89. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Michael is pointing out his feelings about the session, and encouraging the patient to become motivated, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  122. The correct answer was: d. Confrontation. Explanation: Confrontation involves the therapist pointing out their own feelings about the session.
  123. 90. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Richard is pointing out his feelings about the session, and encouraging the patient to become motivated, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  124. The correct answer was: d. Confrontation. Explanation: Confrontation involves the therapist pointing out their own feelings about the session.
  125. 91. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hanks patients behavior is logical and sequential, what process is the patient undergoing?
  126. The correct answer was: c. Secondary process. Explanation: The secondary process is a conscious mental process governed by the ego. It is logical and sequential, and functions according to the reality principle.
  127. 92. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is employing Fixation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  128. The correct answer was: b. Returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope. Explanation: Fixation involves returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope with a need/thought.
  129. 93. Arnold is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Arnolds patient, Angela, has had her defensive mechanisms fail to prevent unacceptable impulses from becoming conscious, what is Angela likely feeling?
  130. The correct answer was: c. Anxiety. Explanation: Anxiety occurs when defensive mechanisms fail to prevent unacceptable impulses from becoming conscious.
  131. 94. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is using Projection as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  132. The correct answer was: e. Attributing unacceptable wishes to another. Explanation: Projection involves attributing unacceptable wishes to others. It often includes prejudice and hyper-vigilance to danger.
  133. 95. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
  134. The correct answer was: b. Interpretation. Explanation: Interpretation is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  135. 96. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
  136. The correct answer was: c. Sublimation. Explanation: Sublimation involves transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors. It is the most mature defense mechanism.
  137. 97. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously attributing unacceptable wishes to others in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
  138. The correct answer was: e. Projection. Explanation: Projection involves attributing unacceptable wishes to others. It often includes prejudice and hyper-vigilance to danger.
  139. 98. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is employing Intellectualization as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  140. The correct answer was: e. Controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them. Explanation: Intellectualization involves controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them.
  141. 99. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hanks patient, Tanya, is experiencing anxiety what does this represent?
  142. The correct answer was: d. Conflict. Explanation: Anxiety is a signal of some conflict.
  143. 100. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing desires through dreams and slips of the tongue, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  144. The correct answer was: a. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  145. 101. Arnold is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Arnolds patient, Angela, is showing outward signs of an internal conflict, how will this manifest itself?
  146. The correct answer was: b. Anxiety. Explanation: Anxiety is a signal of an internal conflict.
  147. 102. Steve is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. So far, Steve has discussed his feelings about the session with the patient, attempted to understand why the patient is resisting, and interpreted the patients difficulties. What psychoanalytic step should be taken next?
  148. The correct answer was: a. Working through. Explanation: Working through involves the understanding of a connection between the current behaviors and unconscious material. It is the last phase of the psychoanalytic process.
  149. 103. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously replacing unacceptable urges by their opposites in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
  150. The correct answer was: c. Reaction Formation. Explanation: Reaction Formation involves replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. It is characteristic of obsessive disorders.
  151. 104. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is employing Sublimation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  152. The correct answer was: c. Transferring libidinal urges to socially acceptable behaviors. Explanation: Sublimation involves transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors. It is the most mature defense mechanism.
  153. 105. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is employing Projection Identification as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  154. The correct answer was: d. Depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. Explanation: Projection Identification involves depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. This sometimes involves pressure.
  155. 106. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Richards patient understands the connection between his current behaviors and their unconscious causes, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  156. The correct answer was: b. Working through. Explanation: Working through comes when the patient understands the connections between their current behaviors and unconscious material.
  157. 107. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously transferring emotions to more acceptable objects in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
  158. The correct answer was: a. Displacement. Explanation: Displacement involves transferring emotions to more acceptable objects. People with phobias displace fears onto objects.
  159. 108. Marty is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. So far, Marty has discussed his feelings about the session with the patient, attempted to understand why the patient is resisting, and interpreted the patients difficulties. What psychoanalytic step should be taken next?
  160. The correct answer was: a. Working through. Explanation: Working through involves the understanding of a connection between the current behaviors and unconscious material. It is the last phase of the psychoanalytic process.
  161. 109. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is projecting aggressive drives displaced from the patients parents onto Richard, what type of transference is the patient experiencing?
  162. The correct answer was: b. Negative Transference. Explanation: Negative transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  163. 110. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richards patients behavior is characterized by a conscious mental process governed by the ego, what process is the patient undergoing?
  164. The correct answer was: a. Secondary process. Explanation: The secondary process is a conscious mental process governed by the ego. It is logical and sequential, and functions according to the reality principle.
  165. 111. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing desires through dreams and slips of the tongue, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  166. The correct answer was: a. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  167. 112. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michael is displacing some of his own feelings onto the patient, what type of psychoanalytic technique is Michael using?
  168. The correct answer was: c. Counter-Transference. Explanation: Counter-Transference involves the analyst displacing some feelings, and can help the clinical psychologist recognize and understand the patient.
  169. 113. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michaels patients behavior is logical and sequential, what process is the patient undergoing?
  170. The correct answer was: c. Secondary process. Explanation: The secondary process is a conscious mental process governed by the ego. It is logical and sequential, and functions according to the reality principle.
  171. 114. Marty is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. So far, Marty has discussed his feelings about the session with the patient, and attempted to understand why the patient is resisting. What psychoanalytic step should be taken next?
  172. The correct answer was: b. Interpretation. Explanation: Interpretation of the patients problems are given repeatedly when the patient is ready. The goal is to lead to catharsis. This is the third step of the psychoanalytic process.
  173. 115. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing an under-developed sense of self-preservation, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  174. The correct answer was: d. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  175. 116. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richards patients behavior is characterized by a lack of logic, and by the ease of substitution of one idea with another, what process is the patient undergoing?
  176. The correct answer was: e. Primary Process. Explanation: The primary process is characterized by a lack of logic, by ease of substituting one idea for another, and by the immediate discharge of energy.
  177. 117. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems to be completely dominated by the pleasure principle, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  178. The correct answer was: e. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  179. 118. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is classifying all external objects as completely good or completely bad in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  180. The correct answer was: a. Splitting. Explanation: Splitting involves classifying external objects as all good or all bad.
  181. 119. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
  182. The correct answer was: a. Confrontation. Explanation: Confrontation is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  183. 120. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing an overactive libido, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  184. The correct answer was: b. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  185. 121. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems out of touch with reality and unable to logically order their environment, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
    The correct answer was: c. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  186. 122. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing unusual aggression, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  187. The correct answer was: c. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  188. 123. Considerable research has been devoted to the etiology of Mood Disorders. According to that research, what is the proportion of those with Bipolar that also have a relative with a mood disorder?
  189. The correct answer was: E. 60%. Explanation: The proportion of those with Bipolar that also have a relative with a mood disorder is 60%.
  190. 124. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is using Repression as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  191. The correct answer was: a. Rejecting painful or shameful experiences
    Explanation: Repression involves rejecting painful/shameful experiences. It prevents unacceptable impulses from reaching consciousness. Therapy is designed to bring conflicts out from repression.
  192. 125. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michael is encouraging the patient to lie on a couch, attend to all their thoughts, and report them without suppressing them, what psychoanalytic technique is Michael using?
  193. The correct answer was: d. Free association. Explanation: Free association involves the patient laying down, attending to their thoughts, and reporting them without suppressing or censoring.
  194. 126. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems to be completely dominated by the pleasure principle, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  195. The correct answer was: e. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  196. 127. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  197. The correct answer was: a. Repression. Explanation: Repression is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  198. 128. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems not to have completed the Oedipal stage, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  199. The correct answer was: a. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  200. 129. A range of treatments are used to treat PTSD. Short-term therapy is preferred and if symptoms develop quickly the prognosis is good. Identify the correct treatment for the symptoms that are described. Flashbacks and sleep disturbances.
    The correct answer was: E. Antidepressants. Explanation: "Antidepressants" are used to treat flashbacks and sleep disturbances.
  201. 130. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is exhibiting an over-developed need to order and classify things, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  202. The correct answer was: b. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  203. 131. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously depositing unwanted feelings onto another person who accepts them in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  204. The correct answer was: d. Projection Identification. Explanation: Projection Identification involves depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. This sometimes involves pressure.
  205. 132. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is experiencing difficulty in reasoning and making rational judgments, what part of the psychic structure are these problems originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  206. The correct answer was: b. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  207. 133. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is employing Sublimation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  208. The correct answer was: c. Transferring libidinal urges to socially acceptable behaviors. Explanation: Sublimation involves transferring libidinal urges to socially-acceptable behaviors. It is the most mature defense mechanism.
  209. 134. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing unusual aggression, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  210. The correct answer was: c. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  211. 135. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is classifying all external objects as completely good or completely bad in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
  212. The correct answer was: a. Splitting. Explanation: Splitting involves classifying external objects as all good or all bad.
  213. 136. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is controlling his impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
  214. The correct answer was: e. Intellectualization. Explanation: Intellectualization involves controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them.
  215. 137. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems not to have completed the Oedipal stage, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  216. The correct answer was: a. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  217. 138. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is using Repression as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  218. The correct answer was: a. Rejecting painful or shameful experiences. Explanation: Repression involves rejecting painful/shameful experiences. It prevents unacceptable impulses from reaching consciousness. Therapy is designed to bring conflicts out from repression.
  219. 139. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously depositing unwanted feelings onto another person who accepts them in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
  220. The correct answer was: d. Projection Identification. Explanation: Projection Identification involves depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. This sometimes involves pressure.
  221. 140. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient has not internalized or has not received parental restrictions, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  222. The correct answer was: b. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  223. 141. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  224. The correct answer was: d. Fixation. Explanation: Fixation is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  225. 142. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hank is encouraging the patient to project their feelings onto him, what psychoanalytic technique is Hank using?
  226. The correct answer was: a. Transference. Explanation: Transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  227. 143. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  228. The correct answer was: a. Repression. Explanation: Repression is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  229. 144. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing an under-developed sense of self-preservation, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  230. The correct answer was: d. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  231. 145. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing an overactive libido, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  232. The correct answer was: b. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  233. 146. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously attributing unacceptable wishes to others in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  234. The correct answer was: e. Projection. Explanation: Projection involves attributing unacceptable wishes to others. It often includes prejudice and hyper-vigilance to danger.
  235. 147. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richards patient, Sarah, has had her defensive mechanisms fail to prevent unacceptable impulses from becoming conscious, what is Sarah likely feeling?
  236. The correct answer was: c. Anxiety. Explanation: Anxiety occurs when defensive mechanisms fail to prevent unacceptable impulses from becoming conscious.
  237. 148. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michaels patient, Tanya, is experiencing anxiety what does this represent?
  238. The correct answer was: d. Conflict. Explanation: Anxiety is a signal of some conflict.
  239. 149. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient has not internalized or has not received parental restrictions, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  240. The correct answer was: b. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  241. 150. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is projecting aggressive drives displaced from the patients parents onto Hank, what type of transference is the patient experiencing?
  242. The correct answer was: b. Negative Transference. Explanation: Negative transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  243. 151. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is using Denial as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  244. The correct answer was: b. Disavowing thoughts or needs that cause anxiety. Explanation: Denial involves disavowing thoughts and needs that cause anxiety.
  245. 152. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing a lack of moral behaviors and judgments, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  246. The correct answer was: c. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  247. 153. A wide range of treatments are available for mood disorders that include medication, Cognitive, Interpersonal and Behavioral Therapy. From your knowledge of the treatment of mood disorders answer the following questions. What is the proportion of patients that fail to follow their medication regimen?
  248. The correct answer was: D. 50%. Explanation: The proportion of patients that fail to follow their medication regimen is 50%.
  249. 154. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Hank is pointing out his feelings about the session, and encouraging the patient to become motivated, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  250. The correct answer was: d. Confrontation. Explanation: Confrontation involves the therapist pointing out their own feelings about the session.
  251. 155. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is using Reaction Formation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  252. The correct answer was: c. Replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. Explanation: Reaction Formation involves replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. It is characteristic of obsessive disorders.
  253. 156. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hanks patients behavior is characterized by a lack of logic, and by the ease of substitution of one idea with another, what process is the patient undergoing?
  254. The correct answer was: e. Primary Process. Explanation: The primary process is characterized by a lack of logic, by ease of substituting one idea for another, and by the immediate discharge of energy.
  255. 157. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems not to have completed the Oedipal stage, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  256. The correct answer was: a. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  257. 158. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
  258. The correct answer was: d. Transference. Explanation: Transference is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  259. 159. A wide range of treatments are available for mood disorders that include medication, Cognitive, Interpersonal and Behavioral Therapy. From your knowledge of the treatment of mood disorders answer the following questions. Which of the following statements related to the use of various therapies to treat mood disorders is incorrect?
  260. The correct answer was: E. Imipramine and IPT have been found most effective for mild depression. Explanation: Statement E is incorrect; Imipramine and IPT have been found most effective for severe depression.
  261. 160. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is projecting aggressive drives displaced from the patients parents onto Michael, what type of transference is the patient experiencing?
  262. The correct answer was: b. Negative Transference. Explanation: Negative transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  263. 161. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Michael is trying to understand what, why, and how the patient is resisting, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  264. The correct answer was: e. Clarification. Explanation: Clarification involves the therapist trying to understand what, why, and how the patient is resisting.
  265. 162. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing a lack of moral behaviors and judgments, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  266. The correct answer was: c. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  267. 63. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is projecting love longings displaced from the patients parents onto Hank, what type of transference is the patient experiencing?
  268. The correct answer was: a. Positive Transference. Explanation: Positive transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  269. 164. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems out of touch with reality and unable to logically order their environment, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  270. The correct answer was: c. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  271. 165. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously rejecting painful and shameful experiences in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
  272. The correct answer was: a. Repression. Explanation: Repression involves rejecting painful/shameful experiences. It prevents unacceptable impulses from reaching consciousness. Therapy is designed to bring conflicts out from repression.
  273. 166. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
  274. The correct answer was: c. Resistance. Explanation: Resistance is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  275. 167. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is using Rationalization as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  276. The correct answer was: d. Providing a socially-acceptable reason to explain unacceptable behavior. Explanation: Rationalization involves providing socially-acceptable reasons to explain unacceptable behaviors or thoughts.
  277. 168. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Michaels patient understands the connection between his current behaviors and their unconscious causes, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  278. The correct answer was: b. Working through. Explanation: Working through comes when the patient understands the connections between their current behaviors and unconscious material.
  279. 169. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing an overactive libido, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  280. The correct answer was: b. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  281. 170. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
  282. The correct answer was: b. Interpretation. Explanation: Interpretation is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  283. 171. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  284. The correct answer was: c. Rationalization. Explanation: Rationalization is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  285. 172. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hank is displacing some of his own feelings onto the patient, what type of psychoanalytic technique is Hank using?
  286. The correct answer was: c. Counter-Transference. Explanation: Counter-Transference involves the analyst displacing some feelings, and can help the clinical psychologist recognize and understand the patient.
  287. 173. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. If Hank is trying to understand what, why, and how the patient is resisting, what stage of the psychoanalytic process is he at?
  288. The correct answer was: e. Clarification. Explanation: Clarification involves the therapist trying to understand what, why, and how the patient is resisting.
  289. 174. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously giving a socially-acceptable reason to explain an unacceptable behavior in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
  290. The correct answer was: d. Rationalization. Explanation: Rationalization involves providing socially-acceptable reasons to explain unacceptable behaviors or thoughts.
  291. 175. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems to be unable to suspend pleasure according to their environment, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  292. The correct answer was: a. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  293. 176. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously giving a socially-acceptable reason to explain an unacceptable behavior in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
  294. The correct answer was: d. Rationalization. Explanation: Rationalization involves providing socially-acceptable reasons to explain unacceptable behaviors or thoughts.
  295. 177. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  296. The correct answer was: d. Fixation. Explanation: Fixation is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  297. 178. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michaels patients behavior is manifesting itself in dreams, slips of the tongue, and jokes what process is the patient undergoing?
  298. The correct answer was: b. Primary Process. Explanation: The primary process is characterized by a lack of logic, by ease of substituting one idea for another, and by the immediate discharge of energy. It is seen in young children, dreams, slips of the tongue, and jokes.
  299. 179. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient seems out of touch with reality and unable to logically order their environment, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  300. The correct answer was: c. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  301. 180. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously replacing unacceptable urges by their opposites in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  302. The correct answer was: c. Reaction Formation. Explanation: Reaction Formation involves replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. It is characteristic of obsessive disorders.
  303. 181. Marty is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. So far, Marty has discussed his feelings about the session with the patient. What psychoanalytic step should be taken next?
  304. The correct answer was: c. Clarification. Explanation: Clarification involves trying to understand what, why, and how the patient is resisting. This is the second step of the psychoanalytic process.
  305. 182. Steve is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. So far, Steve has discussed his feelings about the session with the patient. What psychoanalytic step should be taken next?
  306. The correct answer was: c. Clarification. Explanation: Clarification involves trying to understand what, why, and how the patient is resisting. This is the second step of the psychoanalytic process.
  307. 183. Peter is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is experiencing difficulty in reasoning and making rational judgments, what part of the psychic structure are these problems originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  308. The correct answer was: b. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  309. 184. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is using Denial as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  310. The correct answer was: b. Disavowing thoughts or needs that cause anxiety. Explanation: Denial involves disavowing thoughts and needs that cause anxiety.
  311. 185. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
    • The correct answer was: e. Sublimation. Explanation: Sublimation is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  312. 186. Joe is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Joe is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  313. The correct answer was: b. Denial. Explanation: Denial is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  314. 187. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is using Reaction Formation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  315. The correct answer was: c. Replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. Explanation: Reaction Formation involves replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. It is characteristic of obsessive disorders.
  316. 188. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is characterized by obsessions or compulsions. From your knowledge of this condition identify the statement that is incorrect.
  317. The correct answer was: C. The compulsions are rituals to avoid distress and they are always related to the obsessions. Explanation: Statement C is incorrect; the compulsions are rituals to avoid distress and are not related to the obsession.
  318. 189. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is symbolically acting out in reverse an unacceptable event that has already happened in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedros Ego employing?
  319. The correct answer was: b. Undoing. Explanation: Undoing involves the symbolic acting out in reverse of something unacceptable that has already been done.
  320. 190. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing a lack of moral behaviors and judgments, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  321. The correct answer was: c. Superego. Explanation: The Superego is the conscience. It evolves by satisfactorily completing the Oedipal stage. It is moral and judicial, and comes from internalization of parental restrictions and customs.
  322. 191. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is using Rationalization as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  323. The correct answer was: d. Providing a socially-acceptable reason to explain unacceptable behavior. Explanation: Rationalization involves providing socially-acceptable reasons to explain unacceptable behaviors or thoughts.
  324. 192. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously returning to a developmental stage in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
  325. The correct answer was: b. Fixation. Explanation: Fixation involves returning to a developmental stage when unable to cope with a need/thought.
  326. 193. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is experiencing difficulty in reasoning and making rational judgments, what part of the psychic structure are these problems originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  327. The correct answer was: b. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  328. 194. Arnold is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Arnolds patient, Angela, is experiencing anxiety what does this represent?
  329. The correct answer was: d. Conflict. Explanation: Anxiety is a signal of some conflict.
  330. 195. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richard is displacing some of his own feelings onto the patient, what type of psychoanalytic technique is Richard using?
  331. The correct answer was: c. Counter-Transference. Explanation: Counter-Transference involves the analyst displacing some feelings, and can help the clinical psychologist recognize and understand the patient.
  332. 196. Craig is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing desires through dreams and slips of the tongue, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  333. The correct answer was: a. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  334. 197. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is projecting love longings displaced from the patients parents onto Richard, what type of transference is the patient experiencing?
  335. The correct answer was: a. Positive Transference. Explanation: Positive transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  336. 198. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously replacing unacceptable urges by their opposites in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
  337. The correct answer was: c. Reaction Formation. Explanation: Reaction Formation involves replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. It is characteristic of obsessive disorders.
  338. 199. Carl is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing an under-developed sense of self-preservation, what part of the psychic structure does this originate from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  339. The correct answer was: d. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  340. 200. In the case of Bi-Polar Episodes violence can occur, also academic failure, marital discord and anti social behavior, but a history of depressive episodes is not required. What is the proportion, of those diagnosed with Bipolar 1 disorder, which die as a result of suicide?
  341. The correct answer was: B. 10 - 15%.Explanation: The proportion of those diagnosed with Bipolar disorder, which die as a result of suicide is 10 - 15%.
  342. 201. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is not a type of defense mechanism?
  343. The correct answer was: c. Resistance. Explanation: Resistance is a psychoanalytic technique, and not a type of defense mechanism.
  344. 202. A wide range of treatments are available for mood disorders that include medication, Cognitive, Interpersonal and Behavioral Therapy. From your knowledge of the treatment of mood disorders answer the following questions. Identify which of the following statements is incorrect.
  345. The correct answer was: C. CT is most effective for severe depression. Explanation: Statement C is incorrect; CT is most effective for mild depression.
  346. 203. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is expressing an overactive libido, what part of the psychic structure are these desires originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  347. The correct answer was: b. Id. Explanation: The Id is an unorganized reservoir of energy that includes all instincts inherent at birth, basic biological drives, and is dominated by the pleasure principle. It is deduced from dreams, slips of the tongue, free association, and neurosis.
  348. 204. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is symbolically acting out in reverse an unacceptable event that has already happened in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
  349. The correct answer was: b. Undoing. Explanation: Undoing involves the symbolic acting out in reverse of something unacceptable that has already been done.
  350. 205. Sonya is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is using Repression as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  351. The correct answer was: a. Rejecting painful or shameful experiences. Explanation: Repression involves rejecting painful/shameful experiences. It prevents unacceptable impulses from reaching consciousness. Therapy is designed to bring conflicts out from repression.
  352. 206. Susan is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, William, is unconsciously rejecting painful and shameful experiences in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Williams Ego employing?
  353. The correct answer was: a. Repression. Explanation: Repression involves rejecting painful/shameful experiences. It prevents unacceptable impulses from reaching consciousness. Therapy is designed to bring conflicts out from repression.
  354. 207. Andrea is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, David, is unconsciously transferring emotions to more acceptable objects in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Davids Ego employing?
  355. The correct answer was: a. Displacement. Explanation: Displacement involves transferring emotions to more acceptable objects. People with phobias displace fears onto objects.
  356. 208. Hank is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Hank is encouraging the patient to lie on a couch, attend to all their thoughts, and report them without suppressing them, what psychoanalytic technique is Hank using?
  357. The correct answer was: d. Free association. Explanation: Free association involves the patient laying down, attending to their thoughts, and reporting them without suppressing or censoring.
  358. 209. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is using Denial as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  359. The correct answer was: b. Disavowing thoughts or needs that cause anxiety. Explanation: Denial involves disavowing thoughts and needs that cause anxiety.
  360. 210. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Michaels patients behavior is characterized by a conscious mental process governed by the ego, what process is the patient undergoing?
  361. The correct answer was: a. Secondary process. Explanation: The secondary process is a conscious mental process governed by the ego. It is logical and sequential, and functions according to the reality principle.
  362. 211. Richard is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If Richard is encouraging the patient to lie on a couch, attend to all their thoughts, and report them without suppressing them, what psychoanalytic technique is Richard using?
  363. The correct answer was: d. Free association. Explanation: Free association involves the patient laying down, attending to their thoughts, and reporting them without suppressing or censoring.
  364. 212. Jennifer is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Pedro, is unconsciously giving a socially-acceptable reason to explain an unacceptable behavior in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Pedro�s Ego employing?
  365. The correct answer was: d. Rationalization. Explanation: Rationalization involves providing socially-acceptable reasons to explain unacceptable behaviors or thoughts.
  366. 213. A wide range of treatments are used to treat phobias. In relation to the treatment of phobias which of the following statements is incorrect?
  367. The correct answer was: E. Imipramine is the most effective treatment for social phobia. Explanation: Statement E is incorrect; Imipramine is used to reduce Agoraphobia, especially with panic attacks. Social Phobia is treated with MAOI (phenelzine), beta blockers.
  368. 214. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is employing Displacement as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  369. The correct answer was: a. Transferring an emotion to a more acceptable object. Explanation: Displacement involves transferring emotions to more acceptable objects. People with phobias displace fears onto objects.
  370. 215. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  371. The correct answer was: b. Denial. Explanation: Denial is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  372. 216. David is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is experiencing difficulty in reasoning and making rational judgments, what part of the psychic structure are these problems originating from according to Freudian Psychoanalysis?
  373. The correct answer was: b. Ego. Explanation: The Ego represents the reality principle, and functions to suspend pleasure according to the environment. It is logical and ordered, and makes reason and judgment possible.
  374. 217. Michael is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. If the patient is projecting love longings displaced from the patients parents onto Michael, what type of transference is the patient experiencing?
  375. The correct answer was: a. Positive Transference. Explanation: Positive transference involves projecting feelings onto the analyst using the repetition compulsion.
  376. 218. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is employing Intellectualization as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  377. The correct answer was: e. Controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them. Explanation: Intellectualization involves controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them.
  378. 219. Roger is a clinical psychologist who is treating a patient. Roger is attempting to determine which type of defense mechanism his patient is currently using. Which of the following is a type of defense mechanism?
  379. The correct answer was: e. Sublimation. Explanation: Sublimation is a standard defense mechanism; the others are part of the psychoanalytic process.
  380. 220. A wide range of treatments are available for mood disorders that include medication, Cognitive, Interpersonal and Behavioral Therapy. From your knowledge of the treatment of mood disorders answer the following questions. What is the proportion of patients who suffer a relapse within a year of terminating treatment?
  381. The correct answer was: B. 1/2. Explanation: The proportion of patients who suffer a relapse within a year of terminating treatment is .
  382. 221. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is unconsciously transferring emotions to more acceptable objects in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
  383. The correct answer was: a. Displacement. Explanation: Displacement involves transferring emotions to more acceptable objects. People with phobias displace fears onto objects.
  384. 222. Ashley is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, Alan, is employing Projection Identification as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  385. The correct answer was: d. Depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. Explanation: Projection Identification involves depositing unwanted feelings onto another who accepts them. This sometimes involves pressure.
  386. 223. Various theories and models have been advanced to explain the causes of mood disorders. From your knowledge of those theories identify which of the following statements is incorrect.
  387. The correct answer was: A. The Norep Hypothesis suggests that depression is from high norepinephrine and mania is from low norepinephrine. Explanation: Statement A is incorrect; it should read, The Norep Hypothesis suggests that depression is from low norepinephrine and mania is from high norepinephrine�.
  388. 224. Rebecca is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is using Reaction Formation as a defense mechanism. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, how will this defense mechanism manifest?
  389. The correct answer was: c. Replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. Explanation: Reaction Formation involves replacing unacceptable urges with their opposites. It is characteristic of obsessive disorders.
  390. 225. Rachel is a clinical psychologist who is examining a patient. The patient, John, is controlling his impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them in order to avoid becoming anxious. According to Freudian Psychoanalysis, what type of defense mechanism is Johns Ego employing?
  391. The correct answer was: e. Intellectualization. Explanation: Intellectualization involves controlling impulses by thinking about them instead of experiencing them.

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