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2011-09-21 15:34:58

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  1. Charlemagne
    A Frankish King also known as Charles the Great who took over in 768 A.D. and he broke his kingdom up into small areas in which he left counts in charge.
  2. Crusades
    A series of 7 major religious wars fought by the European Christians to take back Jerusalem from the Muslims
  3. N. Machiavelli
    he was a Italian who was part of the Renaissances and was into Italian politics and wrote The Prince.
  4. Battle of Hastings
    A battle in 1066 A.D. in England where Harold of Sussex died in defeat to William of Normandy who would later be known as William the Conqueror.
  5. Hegira
    It was Mohammads flight from Mecca to Medina in 622 A.D.
  6. Justinian
    A Byzantine Emperor who as known an good administrator and he created copus juris civilis. He was married to Theodora and he believed there was 1 ruler, 1 man, and 1 God, and he was in charge because God said so.
  7. Domesday Book
    William the Conqueror's detailed inventory book in which he used to tax the people of England.
  8. Christendom
    Germanic custom and traditions, Christian Religion, and Roman law and admin practices(classical tradition) combined to form European civilization.
  9. Indulgences
    Considered one of the corrupt practices by John Wycliff of the Church which you could pay for salvation, pay your sins, or pay for forgiveness with money or currency.
  10. Vassal
    Knight and Clergymen who represented Minorial Lords in a Fuedal Society, and they signed fiefs for land and servants as a reward for service.
  11. Flagellants
    Which means to have tail, they were a group of people who beat themselves with whips and sticks during the black death, in a frutile attemp to appease God.
  12. Constantine
    He was a Byzantine Emperor and the 1st Christian Emperor who created the law, Edict of Milan.
  13. Constantinople
    the heart of Eastern Rome and the capital named after Constantine on the water, defendable, and had great unbreachable walls.
  14. Donatello
    known as the father of Renaissance Sculpture and he is best known for the major sculpture in bronz that he created.
  15. Muslim Golden Age
    the age where the muslims faith was heavily sought
  16. 100 Years War
    a war that consisted of 116 years of warfare fought between the French and England for succession of to the French throne.
  17. Great Schism
    happen in 1378 after the Arigon Papacy and it was a period when the papacy had 2 and 3 simultaneous Popes due to the inability for Pope Urban to be replaced.
  18. Corpus Juris Civilis
    • A Byzantine legal body of civil law created by Justinian.
    • Known as Justinian's biggest accomplshment.
  19. Avignon Papacy
    also known as the Arigon 1309-1377 (Babylonian Captivity) it was where the papacy was moved in order to improve the relationship between France and England.
  20. Henry VIII
    He was the King of England who broke away from the Pope to start the England reformation.
  21. Transubstantiation
    instituted by Innocent III and it is when a true believer takes the Eucharist from a qualified clergyman/priest and the bread transform into the flesh of Christ and the wine/grape juice transform into his blood.
  22. Giotto
    an Italian who was known as the father of the Renaissance painting and he introduced 3D, the Fresco, and chiaroscuro paintings.
  23. Counter-Reformation
    a movement where the church attempted to clean the mess up they made.
  24. Michelangelo
    he was an Italian who was commisioned by the Pope to paint the Sustine Chapel and it took his 4yrs to complete.
  25. Joan of Arc
    she was a young French girl who said she received a vision from God that she was Frances last hope. She passed through France and Britians lines to tell the French king her vision and she was co-commander in the Army and she fought in 3 French battles.
  26. Magna Carta
    this was known as the Great Charter, the British nobility created this to put restriction on the Kings power.
  27. Paul
    (Saul of Tarsus)helinized Jew who was one of the most prominent figures in Christianity, he promoted Christianity heavily, and he spake many languages.
  28. Innocent III
    Regarded as the most powerful Pope of all time, he started confession, he belived that the Pope judged all and none judges him, and he created Transbstantition.
  29. Sir Thomas More
    an English man who wrote the Utopia during the Renaissance Era.
  30. 95 Theses
    a document that possessed all Martin Luther disputes in which he posted them on a Church door.
  31. Anabaptists
    a movement that meant to be baptise again and they believed that you should not baptise infants, but once they became of age to do a full submersion baptism and be accountable for their action.
  32. Theocracy
    a belief that God is the source of all law; 1 leader, 1 faith, 1 God.
  33. Clovis
    a Frankish King who united the Franks into 1 kingdom, he converted to Christianity, and he expanded the Frankish kingdom.
  34. Mecca
    the place where Muhammad challenged Jewish leaders on the Jewish faith; he lost and he was humiliated.
  35. William of Normandy
    An Englishman who defeated Harold of Sussex at the Battle of Hasting and became William the Conqueror and ruler of England.
  36. John Wycliffe
    He was an Oxford theologen who who's movement was during the late Middle Ages and he spoke out about the Clergy who he thought was corrupt.
  37. Martin Luther
    he was an Agustan fryer from Saxon who started the reformation by posting his 95 thesis stement on the Church door during after the Renaissance.
  38. Black Death
    a period where 1/4-1/3 of people in Europe died in the High Middle Ages of these diseases Bubonic, Pneumatic, and Septicemic Plaques.