Biology 100 Chapter 5

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msu-malexander
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103449
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Biology 100 Chapter 5
Updated:
2011-09-21 20:40:26
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Respiratory System
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  1. alveolo
    alveolus
  2. naso, rhino
    nose
  3. pleuro
    pleura
  4. pneumo
    lung, air
  5. thoraco
    thorax
  6. tracheo
    trachea
  7. atelo
    imperfect, incomplete
  8. hemo, hemato
    blood
  9. muco
    mucus
  10. ortho
    straight
  11. oxo
    oxygen
  12. phono
    sound, voice
  13. pyo
    pus
  14. somno
    sleep
  15. spiro
    breathe, breathing
  16. a, an
    without or absence of
  17. endo
    within
  18. eu
    normal, good
  19. pan
    all, total
  20. poly
    many, much
  21. tachy
    fast, rapid
  22. -algia
    pain
  23. cele
    hernia or protrusion
  24. cenetesis
    surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
  25. ectasis
    stretching out, dialation
  26. emia
    blood condition
  27. graphy
    process of recording
  28. meter
    instrument used to measure
  29. pexy
    surgical fixation
  30. pnea
    breathing
  31. rrhagia
    rapid flow
  32. scope
    instrument used for visual examination
  33. spasm
    sudden, involuntary muscle contraction
  34. stenosis
    narrowing
  35. stomy
    creation of an artificial opening
  36. thorax
    chest
  37. tomy
    cut into or incision
  38. atelectasis
    incomplete expansion
  39. bronchiectasis
    dialation of the bronchi
  40. bronchogenic carcinoma
    cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus
  41. hemothorax
    blood in the chest
  42. pansinusitis
    inflammation of all sinuses
  43. pneumothorax
    air in the chest which causes collapse in the lung
  44. pyothorax
    pus inthe chest
  45. rhinitis
    inflammation of the nose
  46. tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  47. tracheostenosis
    narrowing of the the trachea
  48. adult respiratory distress syndrome
    (ARDS) respiratory failure in an adult as a result of disease or injury
  49. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    (COPD) a group of disorders that are almost always a result of smoking that obstructs bronchial flow
  50. emphysema
    trapping of air in the alveoli air sacs
  51. epistaxis
    nosebleed
  52. Obstructive sleep apnea
    (OSA) pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing
  53. pleural effusion
    fluid into the pleural space
  54. pulmonary edema
    fliud in pleural space and bronchoiles
  55. pulmonary embolism
    foreigny matter blocking the pulmonary artery
  56. upper respiratory infection
    (URI) infection of the upper respiratory tract
  57. Obstructive sleep apnea
    pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing
  58. adenoidectomy
    excision of the adenoids
  59. laryngotracheotomy
    incision of the larynx and trachea
  60. pneumonectomy
    excision of a lung
  61. rhinoplasty
    surgical repair of the nose
  62. thoracocentesis
    surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity
  63. tonsillectomy
    excision of the tonsils
  64. tracheostomy
    creation of an artifical opening into the trachea
  65. tracheotomy
    incision of the trachea
  66. brochoscopy
    visual examination of the bronci
  67. endoscope
    instrument used for visual examination within a hollow organ
  68. oximeter
    instrument used to measure oxygen
  69. spirometer
    instrument used to measure breathing
  70. anoxia
    condition of absence of oxygen
  71. aphonia
    condition of absence of voice
  72. apnea
    absence of breathing
  73. dysphonia
    condition of difficult speaking
  74. dyspnea
    difficult breathing
  75. hypoxia
    condition of defecient oxygen
  76. rhinorrhea
    discharge from the nose
  77. asphyxia
    suffocation
  78. aspirate
    to suction
  79. nosocomial infection
    an infection aquired during hospitalization
  80. patent
    open
  81. sputum
    mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea
  82. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  83. OSA
    obstructive sleep apnea
  84. PE
    pulmonary embolism
  85. TB
    tuberculosis
  86. URI
    upper respiratory infection

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