Research 1

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Research 1
2011-10-02 19:27:28

research 1
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  1. A scientific process that validates and refines exisiting knowledge and generates new knowledge that directly and indirectly influences nursing practice
  2. problem solving approach to clinical practice that integrates the conscientious use of best evidence in combination with a clinician's expertise to make decisions about patient care
    Evidence based practice
  3. systematic, data based monitoring and evaluation of organizational processes with the end goal of continuous improvement.
    quality improvement
  4. theoretical, pure, fundamental, or bench research done to advance knowledge in a given subject area
    basic research
  5. research conducted to gain knowledge that has a practical application and contributes in some way to a modification of practice
    applied research
  6. Investigating the effects of topical drugs on phlebitis is what type of research?
  7. What type of research is: work done by scientists in labs, used to build body of knowledge that forms the foundation for practice?
    Basic research
  8. a naturalistic approach to research in which the focus is on understanding the meaning of an experience from the individuals perspective
    Qualitative research
  9. a traditional approach to scientific research in which variables are identified and measured in a reliable and valid way
    Quantitative research
  10. a federal agency responsible for the support of nursing research by establishing a national agenda, funding grants, and research awards, and providing training
    National institute of nursing research (NINR)
  11. condition in which a subject's identity cannot be linked, even by the researcher, with his or her individual responses
  12. management of private data in research in such a way that participants are not linked with their responses
  13. a basic principle of ethics that states that persons should have their decisions respected, be protected from harm, and have steps taken to ensure their well-being
    beneficence (do no harm)
  14. agreement by a prospective subject to particpate voluntarily in a study after he or she has indicated understanding of the essential information about the study
    infromed consent
  15. the board required in research institutions that reviews and oversees all research involving human subjects and ensures studies meet all federal regulation criteria, including ethical standards
    institutional review board (IRB)
  16. a review of study proposals that pose no risk to subjects; the full IRB is not required to participate
    Exempt review
  17. a review of study proposals that pose minimal risk to subjects; one or two IRB members participate
    Expedited review
  18. a review of study proposals that pose more than minimal risk to subjects, that do not qualify for exempt status, and in which the full IRB committee participates
    Full review
  19. passed by congress in 1996 that protects the privacy of personal health information
    HIPAA (Health insurance portability and accountability act)
  20. ration considered by researchers and reviewers of research as they weigh potential benefits and risks in a study to promote the conduct of ethical research
    Risk/benefit ratio
  21. groups of people with diminished autonomy who cannot participate fully in the consent process
    vulnerable populations
  22. Who all is included in vulnerable populations?
    • children
    • individuals with cognitive disorders
    • prisoners
    • pregnant women
  23. A researcher desires to study the lived experience of recently incarcerated pregant prisoners. This study would most likely require which level of review?
    Full (complete) review
  24. ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research
    belmont report
  25. what 3 foundational ethical principles are relevant to ethics of human subjects described in the belmont report?
    • respect for persons
    • beneficence
    • justice
  26. focued on crimes against humanity. Large scale prosecution of Nazi officials.
    Nuremburg trials
  27. What did the Nuremberg code contain?
    guidelines requiring voluntary, informed consent to participate in medical experimentation.
  28. What specified that research must serve a worthy purpose, that the desired knowledge was unobtainable by other means, and that the anticipated result justifies the performance of the experiment.
    Nuremburg code
  29. a basic principle of ethics that incorporates a participants right to fair treatment and fairness in distribution of benefit and burden
  30. a person's right to have his or her health information kept confidential and released only to authorized individuals and his or her body shielded from public view
    Right to privacy
  31. studies in which the subject can be expected to receive a potentially beneficial treatment
    therapeutic research
  32. studies that are carried out for the purpose of generating knowledge. They are not expected to benefit the research subject, but may lead to improved treatment in the future.
    Nontherapeutic research
  33. reporting as much information about the research as is known at the time without threatening the validity of the study.
    full disclosure
  34. research that provides a patient with an opportunity to receive an experimental treatment that might have beneficial results
    therapeutic research
  35. interrogative statements that focus on identfication and description of variables or concepts and sometimes on determination of relationships of variables
    research questions
  36. states what research thinks is true; there is a relationship between two or more variables
    research hypothesis
  37. states there is no difference or relationship between variables; also called statistical hypothesis
    Null hypothesis
  38. abstract ideas or topics of interest that must be narrowed to researchable questions to be investigated
  39. an outcome of interest that occurs after the introduction of an independent variable "the effect"
    dependent variable
  40. a factor that is artificially introduced into a study explicitly to measure an expected effect "the cause"
    independent variable
  41. what variable is: the response, behavior, or outcome that the researcher wants to predict or explain
    dependent variable
  42. what variable is the stimulus or activity which is manipulated or varied by the researcher to create an effect on dependent variable
    independent variable
  43. a one sided statement of the research question that is interested in only one direction of change
    directional hypothesis
  44. a two sided statement of the research question that is interested in change in any direction
    nondirectional hypothesis
  45. How long does the recovery state of acute renal failure take?
    3-12 months
  46. Once the amount of urine excreted starts dropping below 400 cc uremic symptoms occur and _______ may occur.
  47. What is the solution called composed of the ideal electrolyte balance for hemodialysis?
  48. A condition caused by the retention of waste products
  49. What are the signs and symptoms of uremia?
    associated with the retention of substances= n & v, HA, dry skin, rapid pulse, scanty urine output, fruity breath
  50. What are the 3 locations you can use as vascular access for hemodialysis?
    Subclavias, internal jugular, and femoral catheters