ancient civ 2

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Author:
angelfish276
ID:
103459
Filename:
ancient civ 2
Updated:
2011-09-21 21:45:38
Tags:
ancient civilizations
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Description:
more modern crap than ancient
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  1. Patrons
    • WHO: wealthy italian families
    • WHAT: paid for thinkers and artists
    • WHERE: Italy
    • WHEN: early Renaissance 1300s
    • WHY: get back to roots of Hellensitic culture where education was huge and knowledge and art
  2. Carolingian Dynasty
    • WHO: Frankish and German rulers
    • WHAT: series of rulers
    • WHERE: France/Germany
    • WHEN: 700s AD
    • WHY: power struggles between empire and pope
  3. Humanism
    • WHO: Petrarch (father of)
    • WHAT: study of nonreligious things
    • WHERE: Italy and spread
    • WHEN: 1300s
    • WHY:reflected a shift in thought that previously had been dominated by
    • religious subject matter. Opened up avenues to explore art, literature
    • and science for its own sake and to focus more on man than God
  4. Machiavelli
    • WHO: humanist author
    • WHAT: wrote The Prince
    • WHERE: Italy
    • WHEN: 1500
    • WHY: state's sole purpose is survival; no divine authority over state
  5. Da Vinci
    graceful humans, spacial relationship, Renaissance
  6. Reconquista
    • Crusades in Spain against Muslims
    • 1200s
  7. Siberia
    • 1st Americans came from here
    • 25K yrs ago; hunting
  8. Archaic Indians
    more gathering, horticulture, larger groups, gender roles, after ice age
  9. Horticulture
    • science of developing plants
    • changes environment
    • more control over survival
    • after ice age
    • men dont hunt as much
    • more food > more pop
  10. Cahokia
    • mound-builders city - St Louis
    • trade
    • 1000 ADish
    • huge construction needed organization and leadership and design, specialized labor
  11. Qin Dynasty
    • China
    • 500 BC
    • Shinhuangfi uses legalism and warfare, rules and harsh punishment based on morals and truth
    • built Great Wall keep ppl out
  12. Confucianism
    • 500 BC
    • China
    • superior/inferior relationships cyclical with kindness
    • education
    • internal harmony
    • popular in urban
  13. Dao
    • "The Way" - underlying energy
    • China
    • 6th century
    • remove from society
    • harmony with external
    • be individual
  14. Yellow Turban Revolt
    • China
    • 185 AD
    • peasants revolt, landowners and officials brutally put it down
  15. Tributary system
    • China
    • other places pay taxes/gifts to empire
    • keeps them loyal and makes empire wealthy
  16. indulgences
    1300s
  17. 95 thesis
    • 1300s
    • why indulgences dont save ppl
  18. peace of augsburg
    • 1500s
    • peace between Charles V and his Protestant princes he ruled over; each German province can choose religion > decentralized German politics, no common religion
  19. Philip II
    • Al Great's dad
    • 382
    • "Great Defender", propaganda, revenge on Persia, murders his way to throne 359Macedonian Phalanx - 14' spearsunites a disunified/disorganized area; aims @ Persia but is assassinated
  20. 30 Yrs War
    • 1618-1648
    • whatever else
  21. Absolutism
    • gov run by king
    • authority from God, tied to church
    • Louis 14th France (1600s)
    • sun king, I am the state,
  22. Social contract theory
    • God does not create the state, the ppl do
    • 1600s
    • Thomas Hobbes works for King in england
    • writes book Leviathan: says “life sucks/dangerous/brutal, so ppl need to band together and pick someone to be ruler”
    • John Locke writes Two Treaties of Government: ppl band together and give power to king but can also take it away
  23. Glorious Revolution
    • 1688
    • opposition to James II; move from absolutism to constitutionalism
    • Parliament (British Congress) takes his power away

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