Reconstruction Chapter 12

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  1. reconstruction
    rebuilding after war
  2. Proclomation of Amnesty and Reconstruction
    which offered a general amnesty to all southerners who took an oath loyalty to the U.S. Then they could organize a new state government
  3. amnesty
  4. Thaddeus Stevens
    • leader of the Radical Republicans
    • wanted to revolutionize Southern institutions, habits, and manners.
  5. Radical Republicans Goals
    • wanted to prevent the leaders of the Confederacy rom retiring to power after war
    • wanted Republicans to become powerful
    • they wanted to help AAs become politically equal
  6. Wade-Davis Bill
    moderate and radical republicans thought of a more lenient. So they made Confederates take an oath, abolish slavery, reject debts the state had to pay for confederates, and they are never allowed back in congress
  7. pocket veto
    indirectly vetoing a bill by letting a session of Congress expire without signing the bill
  8. Freedmen
    persons freed from slavery
  9. Freedmen's bureau
    helped them get food, shelter, water, clothes, jobs on plantations, as well as education
  10. Johnson's Proclomation of Amnesty
    pardon all former confederates but excluded wealthy former confederates who owned more then 20,000 dollars and abolished slavery
  11. black codes
    laws passed in the South just after the Civil War aimed at controlling freedmen and enabling plantation owners to exploit AA's work. Intended to keep AA's in a simulate condition as slavery.
  12. Civil Rights Act
    Granted citizenship to all persons born in the U.S. This allowed AA's to own property and treated equally in court.
  13. Fourteenth Amendment
    granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. and cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.
  14. Military Reconstruction Act
    wiped out Johnson's act. It divided the former confederacy into 5 military districts
  15. Command of the Army Act
    required all orders from the president to go through the headquarters of the general army (Grant's army)
  16. Tenure of Office Act
    required senate to approve the removal of any government official
  17. impeach
    to remove from office because of misconduct in office
  18. 15th amendment
    declared the right to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color, or precious condition of servitude.
  19. carpetbaggers
    Northerns who arrived with suitcases made of carpet fabric
  20. scalawags
    white Southerners who worked with the Republicans and supported Reconstruction
  21. Graft
    gaining money illegally through politics
  22. African American Communitites
    • desire to learn and educate
    • built churches and religion became a central role in their lives
    • supported each other
  23. KKK
    • Goals was to drive Union troops out of the south and regain control of the South with the Democratic Party
    • broke up Republican meetings, burned AA'S communities and kept them from voting.
  24. Enforcement Acts
    • cant interfere with citizens right to vote
    • elections were under supervision of federal marshals
    • KKK act outlawed their activites
  25. Sin Taxes
    federal tax on alcohol and tobacco
  26. Liberal Republicans
    split from republicans because they agreed with Democrates about sin taxes. Didn't want Grant for second term so they nominated Greeley, but didn't win.
  27. William Belknap
    accepted bribes from merchants at army posts in the West
  28. Whiskey Ring
    government officials cheated the government out of a million dollars by filing in false tax reports
  29. Panic of 1873
    made smaller banks close and stock markets to plummet. Businesses shut down and people were thrown out of work. A lot of economic depression
  30. Hayes
    • Republicans nominated him to run for prize.
    • not fair election cause there were 8 republicans and 7 democrats. Southern democrats joined them and helped him win
  31. Samuel Tilden
    Democrates nominated him for prez
  32. Compromise of 1877
    promise by republicans to pull federal troops out of the South
  33. "New South"
    they developed a strong industrial economy, which helped build railroads and built iron and steel industries as well as tobacco and cotton mills.
  34. Tenant Farmers
    farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent either in cash or crops
  35. Sharecroppers
    farmer who works land for an owner who provides equipment and seed and receives a share of the crop
  36. furnishing merchants
    merchant who provides sharecroppers with supplies on credit at high interest rates
  37. crop liens
    obligation placed on a farmer to repay a debt with crops
  38. Debt peonage
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Reconstruction Chapter 12
2011-09-22 01:32:47

reconstruction history
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