Card Set Information
geography Russia notes
all the notes for exam part 2 for Russia, Transcaucasia, Australia
7 economic tigers
Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand
What does USSR stand for?
Union of Soviet Socialist Republic
What is the largest continent?
What is the central country of Eurasia?
Who came up with the heartland theory?
What is the theory that whoever controls the heartland will control the eurasian continent and whoever controls the eurasion continent controls the world?
the heartland theory
what is the heartland?
the central country of a continent specifically Russia for Eurasia
When did people start paying attention to Russia?
How much of the world did the old USSR take up?
1/7 of the world
How much of the old USSR did Russia take up?
How many different time zones would you go through if you went from Lenigrad to Voldestak
11 time zones
85% of Russia is above the latitude of what american state?
What is the area east of the Ural Mountains
What is the average temperature of Verkhoyansk in February
60 degrees below zero
* record was 90 below zero
What is the evergreen forest called around Verkhoyansk?
What is the name for permantly frozen ground that's been there from the last ice age (10,000 years ago, OE)
What do cities in Siberia do when they can't have cement sidewalks because of the cold?
They make board walks
Where is the great resource reserve in the world that just hasn't been tapped yet?
What is the deepest lake in the world?
How do they want to tap the natural resources in Siberia?
Take the transiberian railroad up the the north to make extraction easier
What is the name for the project that is trying to extract the resources from Siberia?
the BAM project
Who said "Go west young man, go west."
What was considered the new frontier of Russia
On what land form are there a few natural resources but not much
the Kola Peninsula
What river creates a swamp that is over 1/3 the size of America
the Ob river
Why did Cosmonauts have to carry guns in their capsules?
because if they landing they would have to fight off the wolfpacks
Why can't Russians tap into the oil in the swamp caused by the Ob River
because the oil pipes are old and leaking
Who did Russia turn to when they got away from the USSR
Is Russia a nation state or just a state?
just a state
How many different cultures and tribes are there in Russia?
Where do a lot of the tribes make their home?
the euro mts., the tundra and far east
What area in Russia would really love to break away but Russia won't let them? *they have rebels making lots of issues
What are some examples of what the Chechnyan rebels have done?
held an elementary school hostage
Moscow subway bombing
raided a crowded theater
Name a country that starts with 'D' that wants to break away from Russia
What is another word for a "dukedom"
What title did the royal family originally give themselves?
What did the locals call the Royal family in Russia?
People from what country married into the Ivans?
Who are the people that came from the Steppes of Russia and were wild horseman related to the Mongols?
what is the term for a mixture of people?
What 6 people groups came together to become the original Russians?
the Royals or Russe
Who were the 2 famous Ivans, and what different title did they start to go by in the 1500's?
Ivan III and Ivan IV
took the title Czar meaning emperor
how many little kingdoms did the czars take over?
at least 54
what other title did Ivan III go by?
Ivan the Great
what other title did Ivan the IV go by?
Ivan the Terrible
Give 3 examples for why Ivan the Terrible was so terrible
he killed his own son in a fit of rage
on a rumor he destroyed a city
confessed he killed over 3,000 people
People got together and decided to dump the Ivans, what family did they put in their place?
the Romanov family
When will the Romanoff's rule end?
1917 at the beginning of the Russian Revolution
During what time did Peter the Great rule?
What was wrong with Peter the Great's half brother?
he was mentally disturbed due to inbreeding
Where was Peter the Great sent to by his half brother?
the Gulf of Finland
What was Peter the Great's first act after overthrowing his half brother?
He knew they needed a port city so he made St. Petersburg and made it the capital
Who did Peter the Great hire to build the port?
builders from Venice
Why did Peter the Great go to the Netherlands
to learn how to build ships
What kind of government did Peter pick up from Europe?
Who was the German Princess who was 11 years old when she married the czar of Russia?
Czarina Catherine the Great
How did Catherine the Great overthrow her husband?
She slept around with a bunch of generals and guards, gained their trust, and declares herself czarina
What is the name of the museum that Catherine the Great set up in Russia with tons of European artifacts?
Why did Catherine the Great fight the Turks for the Black Sea?
she knew Russia needed a warm water port
What is the one set back the Russia's warm water port in the Black Sea?
you have to go through Dardenelles and Bosporus
When Russia really started moving west what areas did they take? at least for the time being
They took Alaska and and the coast of British Columbia, but America "purchased" Alaska back
How long did the experiment with Communism last?
lasted for 67 years
What was the first about the Russia o' Japenese war?
The first time an eastern power ever beat a western power
How did Japan succeed in beating Russia
the climate in Russia was so brutal
it took months to get supplies across Siberia
What did Russia do to the railroad after the Russia o' Japenese war?
they built a spur line around lake Biakol
What was wrong with Nicolas II as a ruler
He loved to have a good time, but he didn't know how to lead
He was dominated by his wife
What was wrong with Nicolas II only son?
he had a blood disease called hemophylia
Who did the czarina bring when her son was found to be sick?
a spiritualist by the name of Grigori Rasputin
What were the letters written between Nicolas II and the keiser of Germany nicknamed?
Nikki Willy letters
What were the feelings of Russians toward their government after WWI
they didn't like the czar anymore and a lot of unions broke out
What is another name for The War Years (1917-1921)
The Russian Revolution
Who were the Red Russians
Who were the white Russians?
What were the 3 groups involved in the Russian Revolution?
Who started Communism?
Marx and Engels who were German
Who tried to bring democracy to Russia?
What was the first attempt at a change in goverment after the Czars?
How long did the attempt at democracy last in Russia
Who started the Communist party in Russia during the time of democracy?
Who wanted radical overthrow of the Russian government
Who wanted the Russian government overthrown in a somewhat peaceful way?
How did Lenin get the economy going again after the Russian Revolution?
NEP- the new economic policy
What important event happened in Russia in 1923
Who took over after Lenin died?
What did Stalin do with communism in Russian?
he made it the strict policy
Where was Stalin originally from?
What happened if you were suspected of betrayal in Russia during Stalin rule?
you were killed
sent to Gulags (workcamps)
How were things produced in Russia during communist rule?
State Farms in the country
factories in the city (controlled by Moscow)
How long were the plans devised in Russia during Stalin rule
What famous leader wanted the Heartland?
How was Hitler defeated at Staligrad?
He was expecting to be there for a month and was forced to be there for 9. It turned into winter, and the German troops couldn't deal with it.
When was Russia finally recognized as a superpower?
the summer of '42
How many Russians died at Staligrad?
1 million people
What did we discover about Russia during 1945-1948?
That they had a hidden agenda
Who developed the containment policy?
What countries did we stop Russia from getting?
all of Korea
What was the Cold War a battle between?
Communism and the free world
Who took over after Stalin?
What was Khtushchev's background?
he was an agricultural agent
What concepts did Khrushchev come up with (2)
the virgin land concept
What are the virgin lands?
Why did the virgin land concept not work in the end?
They grew too much wheat and didn't take care of the land or rotate the crop and they ended up dealing with a huge dust bowl
What was a garden plot?
a plot of land that was used to feed your own family and if you had a little extra you could sell it on the black market
What in essense was the garden plot?
What was producing more food than the state farms
the garden plots
Even though garden plots were a poison to communism why did they keep them?
cause if they didn't have them the people would starve and if they were starved they would rebel anyways
When did Russia fall?
Was Russia still a superpower in 1990?
Military was superpower
everything else was 3rd world country
How was the black market started?
the garden plots
What Russian leader finally ended Communism?
What area in Russia is considered the land of opportunities?
What is the largest country in the world?
What are 4 reasons why Russia was a military superpower?
world's largest military
nuclear war heads
What are 3 things Russia struggled to develop after the fall of communism?
What is the triangle created by St. Petersburg, Kiev, and Irkutsk called?
Slavich Poor Land
What country bordering Russia hates Russia and wants to even take some of its land?
What Russian city is compared to our Detroit and why?
Nizhniy Novagrod because of cars
What Russian city is compared to San diago and why?
Vladivostok because of military and naval
What Russian city is compared to New York and why?
St. Petersburg because it is cosmopolitian
What was Russia's attempt to keep the provinces, now countries, together after the fall of the communism?
What were 2 reasons why Russia didn't want to lose the areas around them?
they had a lot of natural resources
they had strategic positioning
How did the Ukraine instantly become a military superpower after the fall of communism?
They had a warm water port with nuclear siloh's
Who made a deal with the Ukraine that if they disabled their silohs they would help them rebuild?
Why did Russia not want to lose Azerbaijan?
because they had a huge amount of oil in Baku
What countries make up the Caucuses?
Which 2 countries have a huge geographical problem and why?
Armenia and Azerbaijan
because Armenia is Christian and Azerbaijan is Muslim and they have some Armenians in Azerbaijan and part of Azerbaijan is on the other side of Armenia
How old does Georgia claim some people are in their country?
over 130 years old
What 4 reasons are given for why people in Georgia live so long?
They live in the mountains so they have a good cardiovascular system (heart)
their main diet is yogurt
they drink red wine
the family unit counts, they are cared for
What area is an experimental area for many researchers?
What states in the US could you put together to get the size of the caucus countries?
What is an archipelago?
a series of islands
What country is an archipeloga?
How many islands make up Japan?
4 large islands
3 small ones?
How would you compare the length of Japan to the US?
The bottom most island would be Florida and the top most island would be Maine
What is the size of Japan?
about the size of the 13 original colonies
How much of Japan is made up of mountains?
What is the leading country in ocean development?
What percentage of Japan is usable farm land?
What percent of Japenese land is terracing?
3% used for rice patties
What is the term for growing more than one thing in the same area at the same time?
What is an example of intercropping in Japan
they have rice patties
minnows grow in the water in the patties
sweet potatos are grown on the dikes that hold the water in for the patties
What has Taiwan placed in the world of economics for the last 25 years?
Between which two countries has our debt back and forth?
Who are the older people in Japan?
the Inu people of the north
Which Asian country does not have a lot of ancient history?
What is the realistic date of how old Japan is?
Where did Japan get its people from?
people came over from the Asian countries by Korea
Who did the Japanese claim was their first emporer?
the son of the sun goddess, Jimmu Tenno
What is the symbol on the Japanese flag?
the rising sun
What do the Japanese claim they have the longest of?
the longest line of a royal family
What happened in Japan from 600-700 AD?
there was a huge change in military leadership
Why couldn't they kill the royal family?
because they believed they were gods
who was the leader of the military take-over?
Shogun general Isima
What were Japanese military soldiers called?
What did the Japanese do with the royal family since they couldn't kill them?
they basically put them house arrest in their palaces
During the time of the shoguns Japan was a lot like what other era?
the midevil times
What era of Europe did the Japanese really get scared of and therefore shut themselves off to the world?
the age of exploration
What religious group showed up in Japan?
the roman catholics
How many Japanese converts were there gestimated?
What traditional Japanese religion did the Japanese converts affect?
When was Japan first closed off to the rest of the world?
What 2 things were not allowed to happen in Japan during the time it was cut off from the rest of the world?
no ship could be made to handle the high seas
no ship could come into port
What was the one ship that was allowed to come into the Nagasaki port in Japan?
the Black ship from the Netherlands
When did Japan finally open up again?
What import era had take place while Japan was closed off?
the industrial revolution
What bay did comador Perry sail up to to demand Japan to open up?
Edo Bay (tokyo)
How long did comador Perry give Japan time to decide to open up?
but he came back in 9 months
How many ships did comador Perry bring with him when he came back to Japan?
After the Japanese military leaders lost face who took over?
young people and it was called the Meigi Restoration
What did the Meigi restoration do?
they took out the shoguns and brought the royal family back
What is Japanese legislature called today?
diet, like Germany
When did the US become a world power?
Who did Japan copy for their politics and army?
Who did Japan copy for their Navy?
What 2 cabinet members did the Japanese prime minister not get to pick?
head of the army
head of the navy
what happens if the cabinet is not filled?
the government collapses and they have to start over
in 1895 the Japanese went after the Chinese in what war?
What land did Japan take in the Sino-Japanese war?
some other coastal regions
in 1905-1906 Japan took on the Russians in what war?
the Russo-Japanese war
What country did Japan take on in 1910?
What 2 new world superpowers do we have after WWI
What territory was given to Japan after WWI?
islands in the pacific from Germany
what alliance forms in 1930
when did WWII start?
When did we enter into WWII and why?
1941 because of Pearl Harbor
When was Pearl Harbor?
December 7, 1941
How was America getting sandwiched?
Japan from the West and Germany from the East
what is island hopping?
charge island beaches
who was the president who made the decision about dropping the atomic bomb?
How many atomic bombs did we drop?
Who was the only country to have an atomic bomb dropped on them?
We told Japan to turn their aggression from military to what?
At one point what percentage of the buildings in New York did Japan own?
The fact that Japanese workers work till the job is done and rarely quit that job shows what kind of mentality
Why was there a very high suicide rate amond Japanese students?
because school was your life and if you didn't pass you didn't move on in life
What size are some of the largest farms in Japan?
What is the size of an average farm in Japan
2 and a half acres
What was the first population policy created by Japan called?
The Protection Ugenic Act
How many different religions do they have in just tokyo alone?
What are 2 major relgions in Japan?
Buddhism and Shintoism
What are 2 things that Japan copied from America that were bad for their health?
due to Japan bring fast food into the country what has gone up?
What is the large green area that surrounds Tokyo? and the beset agricutural area
What are 2 centers for industry in Japan?
What sea is huge for industry in Japan?
What are the incredibly fast trains in Japan?
How did Japan get a lot of its resources?
from the territory they acquired
What is Japan precariously sitting on top?
3 tectonic plates
what are the plates that touch Japan a part of?
the circum pacific ring of fire
What resource does Japan have that could be a serious issue with earthquakes?
nuclear power plants
Every how many years does Tokyo get devistated?
Japan has a lot of earthquakes and a lot of what else?
What is Korea's real name?
What does Choson mean?
land of the morning calm
How did Korea start?
Which tribe took over in Korea?
the center island and started dynasty
What dynasty lasted for 600 years in Korea?
the Yi dynasty
What religions are big in Korea?
Confusism, Buddhism, Toaism
What indicates that the Korean war action is not over?
a treaty was never signed
30,000-35,000 soldiers getting combat pay
When Japan had control over what did they do to the Korean people?
they preformed experiments on them?
How long did Korea not have to govern themselves?
What was the movement called when Russia came from the North and the US came from the South and cut off Japan?
the pincher movement
What was Russia doing while they were in the North?
they made little communist cells while they were occupying the North
What did the US do on August 15, 1948 in Korea?
the established the Republic of Korea (ROK)
What did Russia do on Semptember 9th, 1948?
Communists created the democratic peoples republic of Korea
What is Japan's real name?
Who was considered by many to be the George Washington of South Korea?
In South Korea where does most of the power still lie?
Who was the first "president" of North Korea?
How long was Kim Il-Sung dictator of North Korea?
from 1948-the 1990's
How old was Kim Il-Sung's son when he took over as dictator and what had been his previous job?
he was in his 70's
he had been a movie director
What happened on June 25, 1950?
North Korea invaded South Korea
a communist state invaded a free state
which US president brought the issue of fighting in Korea to the UN?
How was it possible that the UN voted yes to fighting to keep Korea free?
Russia was not there to protest because they had boycotted the UN over a money issue
Who did the UN and the US together pick to lead the action in Korea?
What was another name for General Macarthur?
the American Ceasar
What sea in Korea did the troops come in on to pinch off communist forces?
the Yellow Sea
What was the setting like when Macarthur attacked Korea?
it was cloudy and dark
What issue cause President Truman to have to fire General Macarthur?
He wanted to invade China, and he wasn't willing to back down
The UN was winning the Korean Peace action until what point?
the Chinese entered the war and they pushed the forces back down
How long did the UN and Northern Korean forces go back and forth?
2 and a half years
How many UN soldiers died?
What was the position of the boundary line both before and after the war?
the 38th parallel
In 1953 where did the conference take place between North Korea and and UN?
Pan Mun Jom
What was declared in July of 1953 for the Korean peace action?
what does armistice mean?
we're going to stop shooting at each other and we're going to sit at a table and talk
How long have we been "talking" in Korea?
till this day
What is the strongest point in North Korea right now?
When the Olympics were held in Sole who wanted to be a part of it?
How many events did the olympic committee allow them to hold and what one was the most important?
what was the one requirement that the olympic committee made of North Korea?
they must allow spectators into North Korea to watch the games
How far away is Sole from the 38th parallel via military jet?
What percentage of Koreans are Christians?
How many Chinese Christians are there?
in what way in South Korea better than us according to Professor Jenkinson?
Most young men in Korea have to serve in the army for how many years?
which of the 7 economic tigers is close allies with us?
North Korea is on the US list for being what?
a renegade or terrorist nation
What is the country of Taiwan shaped like?
a tobacco leaf
Why is Taiwan not considered by some to be its own country?
because China considers it a province of China
Which of the 7 economic tigers is on of our strongest trading partners?
What people in Taiwan wanted to be left alone?
the tribal people
Why did a lot of Chinese flee to Taiwan?
Because Chine became a communist territory
What did Taiwan used to be called?
the Democratic Republic of China
Who led the Democratic Republic of China?
Who immediately accepted the the Democratic Republic of China as China?
what is another name for mainland China?
the people's republic of China
Who at one time was the 4th largest trading partner with us?
in the mid 1800's what wars were fought in Hong Kong?
2 opium wars
Where did the westerners originally have their warehouses in China?
When China wanted the westerners out what did they do?
They moved to Hong Kong and declared it theirs
What area of Chine did the Portugese take?
the Macal Penisula
When was the 99 year lease created
What was the 99 year lease
The British leased the New Territory and Kowloon for 99 years
When did the 99 year lease go up?
What did Britain decide to do when the 99 year lease went up?
They gave the land back to China and gave Hong Kong back as well
What did Hong Kong become when the Communists took over?
the gateway for trade into China
what did Hong Kong become the Avenue for?
illegal trade and drugs
How many Chinese escaped to Hong Kong per month after the communists took over?
15,000 people per month
When did the Portugese give up Macal?
What area in China still receives special economic privileges even now?
What city is also a country?
What country is gaining land from the ocean like the Netherlands?
Where are there 200 pirate attacks annually?
the striaghts of Mallocka
Where did the British cut through during the age of exploration?
the striaghts of Malaysia
What did the British make along the straights?
What man saw that the straight developments wasn't working?
Where did Raffles develop a port?
a swampy land at the end of the peninsula
What is evidence that Singapore was a rough place?
sailors couldn't write their own names
75% of people were 20 or younger
75% were Chinese
When did Singapore become independent of Britain?
Who was elected as leader of Singapore who later became almost a dictator?
How did Lee clean up Singapore?
if you bring drugs in you're sent to jail or shot
they still preform caning (23 times, telephone pole)
500$ fine for spitting your gum on the sidewalk