Sociology cards

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  1. Define sociology
    Explaining and understanding human behavior. and analyzing and exploring the issues of our personal lives, society, and world.
  2. Three Assumptions of the Sociological Perspective
    • Individuals are, by their nature, social beings.
    • Individuals are, for the most part, socially determined.
    • Individuals create, sustain, and change the social forms within which they conduct.
  3. Social Determinism
    The assumption that human behavior is explained exclusively by social factors (we are not exactly the way that everyone else sees us).
  4. What does it mean to say that our individual identities are socially bestowed?
    Our identities come from how we are social with other people
  5. The Sociological Imagination
    • Stimulated by a willingness to view the social world from the perspective of others.
    • The ability to see the societal patterns that influence individuals, families, groups, and organizations.
    • To develop, that person must be willing to question the structural arrangements that shape social behavior.
    • When a person has this imagination, they begin to see solutions to social problems.
  6. Sociological Theory
    A set of ideas that explains a range of human behavior and a variety of social and societal events (Micro, Meso, Macro).
  7. Value Neutrality
    An adherence that strengthens the social power of sociologists.
  8. Four sources of data
    • Survey research
    • Experiments
    • Ovservations
    • Existing data
  9. Survey sample
    a survey of a population made by using only a portion of the population
  10. Variables
    An attitude, behavior, or condition that can vary in magnitude and significance from case to case
  11. Independent variables
    the experimental factor that is manipulated
  12. Dependent variables
    the behavior or mental process that is being measured
  13. Micro
    small group, social psychology
  14. Meso
    Organizations, churches and company
  15. Macro
    Large groups, nations, cities, and states ect.
  16. Social organization
    the ways in which human conduct becomes socially organized
  17. social structure
    the structure of behavior in groups of society
  18. culture
    the shared beliefs of group members that unite them and guide their behavior
  19. Aggregate
    a collection of individuals who happen to be at the same place at the same time
  20. two types of social groups
    primary and secondary
  21. primary groups
    a group of members that are the most intimately involved with each other
  22. secondary groups
    a group that is larger then primary groups and is more impersonal
  23. social interaction
    the behavior of a person affects the behavior of another person
  24. social action
    one behavior is oriented toward others
  25. social relationships
    a case of enduring social interaction
  26. norms
    rules that specify appropriate and inappropiate behaviors in groups
  27. sanctions
    how we respond to violations of norms (expectations). negative sanction is like getting a parking ticket
  28. folkways
    informal expectations
  29. mores
    formal expectations
  30. status
    the position that we occupy in each organization that we are a part of
  31. Achieved status
    status that is achieve be personal effort
  32. Ascribed status
    status that you are born with
  33. social role
    normative expectations that are attached to a status
  34. role conflict
    norms of 2 or more statuses are difficult to satisfy at the same time
  35. role strain
    a person has difficulty achieving expectations in a single status
  36. bureaucracy
    a hierarchical formal organization characterized by rationality and efficiency
  37. Mcdonaldization
    the increasing bureaucratization in social life
  38. the iron cage of rationality
    a bureaucracy that can be de humanizing
  39. 5 ways groups affect us (power of social group)
    • probability of suicide
    • perceptions
    • convictions
    • health and life
    • behavior
  40. 3 types of suicide
    • egoistive
    • altruistice
    • anomic
  41. Egoistic suicide
    occurs when an individual has minimal ties to a social group
  42. altruistic suicide
    occurs when a group is highly cohesive and the member is oriented
  43. anomic suicide
    occurs in a situation of raid change
  44. society
    the largest social organization to which people owe their allegiance. or an aggregate of people united by a common culture
  45. social instituation
    a system that helps improve society and its problems
  46. social scientific analysis
    social science is the field of scholarship that studies society
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Sociology cards
sociology study cards
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