Orientation and Directional Terms

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Author:
morarl03
ID:
103533
Filename:
Orientation and Directional Terms
Updated:
2011-09-22 01:49:47
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Orientation Directional Terms
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Orientation and Directional Terms
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  1. Superior (Cranial)
    toward the head en or upper part of a structure of the body
  2. the head is ----- to the abdoment
    superior
  3. away from the head end or toward the lowe rpart of a structure of the body; below
    inferior (caudal)
  4. the navel is --- to the chin
    inferior
  5. toward or at the front of the body, in front of
    venteral/ anterior
  6. the breastbone is --- to the spine
    anterior
  7. toward or at the back of the body; behind
    dorsal/posterior
  8. the hear is --- to the breastbone
    posterior
  9. toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
    medial
  10. the heart is --- to the arm
    medial
  11. away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
    lateral
  12. the arms are--- to the chest
    lateral
  13. between a more medial and more lateral structure
    intermediate
  14. the collarbone is --- between the breastbone and shoulder
    intermediate
  15. closer to the origin of the body part of the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
    proximal
  16. the elbow is --- to the wrist
    proximal
  17. farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
    distal
  18. the knee is --- to the thigh
    distal
  19. toward or at the body surface
    superficial/ external
  20. the skin is ---- to the skeletal muscles
    superficial
  21. away from the body surface; more internal
    deep/ internal
  22. the lungs are ---- to the skin
    deep/internal
  23. frontal
    oribital
    nasal
    oral
    mental
    otic
    occipital
    cephalic region
  24. cervical
    neck
  25. sternal
    axillary
    mammary
    thoracic
  26. umbilical
    abdominal
  27. inguinal
    pelvic
  28. genital
    pubic
  29. acromial
    brachial (arm)
    antecubital
    olecranal
    antebrachial (forearm)
    carpal (wrist)
    Upperlimb
  30. pollex
    metacarpal
    palmar
    digital
    Manus (hand)
  31. Coxal (hip)
    femoral (theigh)
    patellar
    popliteal (behind the knee)
    cural (leg)
    sural (calf)
    fibular or peroneal
    lower limb
  32. tarsal
    calcaneal
    metatarsal
    digital
    plantar
    hallux
    pedal
  33. scapular
    vertebral
    lumbar
    sacral
    gluteal
    perineal
    Back (dorsal)

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