STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE BODY

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Author:
medgie
ID:
103600
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STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE BODY
Updated:
2011-09-22 12:27:27
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ORGANIZATION BODY
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ORGANIZATION OF THE BODY
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  1. CELL
    Fundametnal unit of all living things (animal or plant).
  2. SIMILARITY IN CELLS
    Contain a gelatinous substance composed of Water, Protein, Sugar, Acids, Fats, various Minerals.
  3. CELL MEMBRANE
    Surrounds & protects the cell, alsoregulates what passes into&out of the cell.
  4. NUCLEUS
    The controlling structure of the cell.
  5. CHROMOSOMES
    Rod-like structures within the nucleus.
  6. GENES
    Chromosomes contain region.
  7. DNA (DeoxyboNucleic Acid)
    The chemical each gene is composed of.
  8. RIBOSOMES
    Small granules that help the cell make proteins.
  9. EGG & SPERM CELLS
    Each contains 23 chromosomes
  10. KARYOTYPE
    Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell.
  11. CYTOPLASM
    All the material that is outside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane.
  12. MITOCHONDRIA
    Small, sausage-shaped bodies. Structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release.
  13. CATABOLISM
    Process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simpler substances & release energy.
  14. ANABOLISM
    Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials.
  15. METABOLISM
    Total of the chemical proocesses in a cell.
  16. ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
    Structure (canals) within the cytoplasm. Site in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces.

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