H9/8 Amino Acids and Peptides

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phxtopher
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103769
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H9/8 Amino Acids and Peptides
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2011-09-23 02:23:53
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Amino Acids Peptides
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H 9/8 Amino Acids and Peptides
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  1. Proline
    Which amino acid is cyclic

    therefore different from the other L Amino Acids
  2. Glycine
    Whichj amino acid is not chiral
  3. Glycine
    Amino acids exist in L and D form except for which amino acid
  4. Means opposite

    Greek
    Enantiomers
  5. are non superimposeable
    Chiral Molecules and Enantiomers (mirror Image)
  6. L- Amino Acids
    All amino acids in proteins are what type of amino acids?
  7. Bacterial Cells Walls

    Digestive Enzymes

    Some peptide antibodies
    Where are D- Amino Acids found usa.
  8. Because they are degraded slower so they have a longer therapeutic lifetime
    Whare are D-Amino Acids beneficial to humans?
  9. synthesize proteins
    The 20 standard amino acids are commonly used to
  10. Charged

    Neutral
    What are the 2 groups of AA
  11. Positive

    Negative
    What are the two charges of AAs
  12. Aspartic Acid

    Glutamic Acid
    Which AAs are negative charge

    AaGa
  13. Lysine

    Arginine

    Histidine
    Which AAs are positively charged?

    LAH
  14. Serotin

    Cysteine

    Threonine

    Asparagine

    Glutamine
    Which AAs are polar

    SCTAG
  15. Phenylalanine

    Tyrosine

    Tryptophan
    Which AAs are neutral?

    PTT
  16. Glycine Alanine Valine Lecine

    Methionine Isoleucine Proline
    Which AAs are Non Polar?
  17. Unprotonnated

    Protonated
    At physiological pH, the Carboxyl group is

    and the Amino group is
  18. An AA with no ionizable R-Group would be electrically neutral
    Zwitterion
  19. ALWAYA N-Terminal to C-Terminal
    What is the direction in AAs?
  20. Peptide Bonds
    AAs form what type of bonds
  21. AA that make up or are derived from a polymer
    Residues
  22. the stronger the acid
    The lower the pka,
  23. Leucine and Lysine
    Which AAs are keteogenic?

    LL
  24. Threonine

    Isoleucine

    Phenylalanine

    Tyrosine

    Trptiphan
    Which AAs are both ketogenic and glycogenic?

    5
  25. convert glucose to glycogen
    Glucogenic AAs
  26. Isoleucine Leucine Lysine

    Methionine Phenylalanine Threonine

    Trypophan Valine
    Which AAs are essential?
  27. Thyroxine (Thyroid Hormone)

    Epinephrine (Adrenalin)
    Tyrosine produces with biomolecule
  28. Serotonin or 5 HT --> Melatonin

    Niacin (Vit B3)
    Trypophan produces which biomolecules
  29. GABA
    Glutamate produces which Biomolecule
  30. Histamine (allergy and stomach acid production)
    Histidine produce which biomolecule
  31. In the CNS neurotransmitter

    Creates pain sensation
    Glycine is found where
  32. Hydroxylysine

    Hydroxyproline
    Which two AAs are important for maintaining collagen structure
  33. Hardening of the artiteries, heart problems, Strokes
    What is the AA Homocystenine associated with
  34. From Aspartic Acid and Phenylamine
    How is aspartame made
  35. Antidiuretic Hormone

    Diabetes pts experience this
    Lots of urine and constantly thirsty
    Vasopressin AKA

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