fundamentals test 1

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fundamentals test 1
2011-09-23 16:23:22
fundamentals nursing

fundamentals of nursing test 1
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  1. radiation
    transfer of heat from the surface of one object to the surface of another
  2. conduction
    transfer of heat from one object to another by direct contact
  3. convection
    trasfer of heat away by air movement
  4. evaporation
    transfer of heat energy when a liquid is changed to a gas
  5. diaphorisis
    visible perspiration primarily on forehead and upper thorax
  6. normal remperature range
    96.8-100.4 F OR 36-38 C
  7. hypothermia
  8. pyrexia
    fever - not harmful until 102.2
  9. hyperthermia
    >104 body's inability to promote heat loss or reduce heat production
  10. pyrogens
    bacteria or viruses that elevate body temp
  11. heatstroke
    a dangerous heat emergency
  12. heat exhaustion
    profuse diaphorisis resulting in excess water and electrolyte loss
  13. convert C to F
    (c x 9/5) + 32
  14. convert F to C
    (F-32) X 5/9
  15. infant heart rate
  16. adolescent heart rate
  17. adult heart rate
  18. ventilation
    movement of gases in and out of lungs
  19. diffusion
    movement of oxygen and co2 between alveoli and RBCs
  20. perfusion
    distribution of RBCs to and from pulmonary capillaries
  21. adult respiration
  22. infant respiration
  23. bradypnea
    abnormally slow <12
  24. tachypnea
    abnormally fast breathing >20
  25. hyperpnea
    labored breathing
  26. apnea
    respirations cease for several seconds
  27. hyperventilation
    depth of respirations increase
  28. hypoventilation
    rate abnormally low, depth is depressed
  29. systolic
    pressure during contraction
  30. diastolic
    pressure during relaxation
  31. pulse deficit
    inneficient contraction of heart that fails to transmit a pulse wave. assess apical and radial at the same time
  32. normal BP
  33. prehypertension BP
  34. stage 1 hypertension
  35. stage 2 hypertension
  36. oxygen saturation
    <90% abnormal
  37. orthostatic hypotension
    normotensive person develops low bp when rising to upright position
  38. cheyne-stokes
    rate and depth irregular, alternate apnea and hyperventilate
  39. antipyretics
    lower body temp
  40. nociceptor
    sensory peripheral pain nerve fiber
  41. acute pain
    has identifyable cause, short in duration, has limited tissue damage and emotional response
  42. chronic pain
    lasts longer than anticipated, doesnt always have an identifieable cause, and leads to great personal suffering
  43. pseudoaddiction
    drug seeker who is actually looking for pain relief from chronic pain
  44. chronic episodic pain
    pain that occurs sporradically over an extended duration of time
  45. somatic pain
  46. visceral
    internal organ
  47. neuropathic pain
    abnormal or damaged nerves
  48. nociceptive pain
    normal processing of stimuli
  49. deafferented pain
    injury to either peripheral or central nervous system
  50. sympathetically maintained pain
    associated with dysregulation of autonomic nervous system
  51. painful polynerupoathics
    client feels pain along the disribution of many peripheral nerves
  52. painful mononeropathies
    usually associated with a known peripheral nerve injury and pain is felt at least partly along distribution of damaged nerve
  53. idiopathic pain
    chronic pain in absence of identifyable casue
  54. referred pain
    felt in part of body seperate from source of pain
  55. radiating pain
    extends from injury site to another part of the body
  56. analgesics
    most common and efffective form of pain relief
  57. opiods
  58. incident pain
    pain related to specific behaviors like physical therapy
  59. stuff related to opioid use
    physical dependance, drug tolerance, addiction, pseudoaddiction, pseudotolerance
  60. assimilation
    keeping ones own culture yet adapting to dominant culture
  61. acculturation
    losing ones own culuture and adopting a new one
  62. biculturalism
    identifying equally with 2 or more cultures
  63. emic
    insiders perspective
  64. etic
    outsiders perspective
  65. cultural competence
    aquiring a specific knowledge and skills to deal with difference cultures
  66. intrapersonal
    occurs within an individual
  67. interpersonal
    one on one interaction between the nurse and another person
  68. transpersonal
    interactions within a persons spiritual domain
  69. referent
  70. tactile channel
    using touch to communicate
  71. metacommunication
    all factors that influence communication
  72. denotative meaning
    same meaning for everyone who speaks english
  73. connotative meaning
    different meaning for the same word