OT Analysis Exam 1

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  1. Flexion
    Decreases the angle between two adjacent body segments
  2. Extension
    Increases the angle between two adjacent body segments
  3. Abduction
    Movement of the body part away from the midline
  4. Adduction
    Movement of the body part back toward the midline (Adding it back to the body)
  5. Spinal flextion and extension
    Image Upload 1
  6. Spinal lateral flexion
    Image Upload 2
  7. shoulder joint abduction and adduction
  8. Areas of occupation (8)
    • ADL
    • IADL
    • Rest & Sleep
    • Education
    • Work
    • Play
    • Leisure
    • Social participation
  9. Contexts (6)
    • Cultural
    • Personal
    • Physical
    • Social
    • Temporal
    • Virtual
  10. Contexts (6)
    • Cultural: Customs, beliefs, activity patterns, behavior standards, and expectations accepted by
    • the society of which the client is a member. Includes ethnicity and values as well as political aspects, such as laws that affect access to resources and
    • affirm personal rights. Also includes opportunities for education

    Personal: Features of the individual that are not part of a health condition or health status. Personal context includes age, gender, socioeconomic status, and educational status

    • Temporal: Location of occupational performance in time. The experience of time as shaped by
    • engagement in occupations. The temporal aspects of occupation which contribute to the patterns of daily occupations are the rhythm.. tempo.. synchronization..duration.. and sequence. Includes stages of life, time of day or year, duration, rhythm of activity, or history

    • Virtual: Environment in which
    • communication occurs by means of airways or computers and an absence of physical contact

    • Physical: Natural and built nonhuman environment and the objects in them: natural environment
    • includes geographic terrain, sensory qualities of environment, plants and animals. Built environment and objects includes buildings, furniture, tools or
    • devices

    • Social: Is constructed by presence, relationships, and expectations of persons. Availability and expectations of significant individuals, such as spouse, friends, and caregivers; relationships with individuals, groups, or organizations; relationships with systems (political, legal, economic,
    • institutional) that are influential in establishing norms, role expectations, and social routines
  11. Performence Patterns
    Habit: specific, automatic behaivors that can be useful, dominating, or impoverished

    Ritual: sets of behaivors expected by society, shaped by culture, and may be further conceptualized and defined by the individual

    Routine: established sequences of occupations or activities that provide the structure for daily life
  12. Client Factors - body functions (8)
    • Mental functions
    • Sensory and pain functions
    • Neuromusculoskeletal and movement functions
    • Cardio/hemato/immuno/respiratory functions
    • Voice and Speech
    • Digestive/metabolic/endocrine
    • Geniourinary and reproductive
    • Skin
  13. Activity demands (7)
    Objects and their properties

    Space demands

    Social demands

    Sequence and timing

    Required actions/performence skills

    Required body functions

    Required body structures
  14. Area of Occupation - ADLs
    Activities that are oriented toward taking care of one’s own body. These activities are “fundamental to living in a social world; they enable basic survival and well-being”

    • Bathing and showering, bowel and bladder management, dressing, eating/feeding, functional mobility, personal device care, personal hygiene and
    • grooming, sexual activity, toilet hygiene
  15. Area of Occupation - IADLs
    Activities to support daily life within the home and community that often require more complex interactions than self-care used in ADL

    Care of others, care of pets, child rearing, communication management, community mobility, financial management, health management and maintenance, home establishment and management, meal preparation and cleanup, religious observance, safety and emergency, maintenance, shopping
  16. Area of Occupation - Rest & sleep
    Includes activities related to obtaining restorative rest and sleep that supports healthy active engagement in other areas of occupation

    • Rest, sleep, sleep preparation, sleep
    • participation
  17. Area of Occupation - Education
    Includes activities needed for learning and participating in the environment

    • Formal educational participation,
    • informal personal educational needs or interests exploration (beyond formal education), informal personal education participation
  18. Area of Occupation - Work
    • Includes activities needed for engaging in remunerative employment or volunteer
    • activities

    • Employment interests and pursuits,
    • employment seeking and acquisition, job performance, retirement preparation and
    • adjustment, volunteer exploration, volunteer participation
  19. Area of Occupation - Play
    • “Any
    • spontaneous or organized activity that provides enjoyment, entertainment, amusement, or diversion”

    Play exploration, play participation
  20. Area of Occupation - Leisure
    “A nonobligatory activity that is intrinsically motivated and engaged in during discretionary time, that is, time not committed to obligatory occupations such as work, self-care, or sleep”

    Leisure exploration, leisure participation
  21. Area of Occupation - Social participation
    • “Organized patterns of behavior that are characteristic and expected of an individual or a
    • given position within a social system”

    Community, family, peer and friend
  22. Occupation over the lifespan - Infants
    rest& sleep, eating
  23. Occupation over the lifespan - children
    ADL, education, play, rest and sleep
  24. Occupation over the lifespan - teenagers
    ADL, IADL, social participation, education, play, leisure (exploration), work, rest and sleep
  25. Occupation over the lifespan - young adults
    ADL, IADL, social participation, education, leisure, work, rest and sleep
  26. Occupation over the lifespan - adults
    ADL, IADL, social participation, work, leisure, rest and sleep
  27. Occupation over the lifespan - older adults
    ADL, IADL, social participation, work, leisure, rest and sleep
  28. Occupational Profile

    Occupational history and experiences

    Patterns of daily living

    Interests, values and needs (including strengths and limitations, problems or concerns, priorities and goals)
  29. Client Factors (5)
    1. Values : Principles, standards, or qualities considered worthwhile or desirable by the client who holds them

    2. Beliefs: Cognitive content held as true

    3. Spirituality: The “personal quest for understanding answers to ultimate questions about life, about meaning, and the sacred”

    4. Body Functions

    5. Body Structures
  30. Performance Skills (5)
    1. Motor/Praxis (praxis is "skilled, purposeful movemnts")

    2. Sensory/perceptual

    3. Emotional regulation

    4. Cognitive

    5. Communication/social skills
  31. 3 types of pinches
    1. Lateral (or key) pinch

    2. 3 jaw-chuck or 3-point pinch

    3. Tip pinch
Card Set
OT Analysis Exam 1
OT Analysis Exam 1
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