Early Religions-Hinduism

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Author:
Tshiza330
ID:
104062
Filename:
Early Religions-Hinduism
Updated:
2011-09-24 23:02:46
Tags:
AP World History Unit1 Foundations Religion
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Description:
Unit I: Foundations, Religion
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  1. Symbol
    • Sacred Om
  2. Founder
    • cannot be traced
    • Aryans + Harappans + Dravidians
  3. Religious Texts
    • The Vedas
    • Bhagavad Gita- poem on fulfilling castly duties
    • Mahabarata- aryan epic, longest poem
    • Ramayan- ideal couple=Ram+Sita
  4. Place of Worship
    • not specific
    • homes, temples
  5. Origins
    Indus River Valley
  6. Beliefs
    • Polytheistic: 3 gods (Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva)
    • Reincarnation > Moksha
    • Karma
    • Cleanliness/Purity
  7. "Hindu Trinity"
    • Brahma- universal soul, creator of life
    • Vishnu- preserver of life
    • Shiva- destroyer of life
  8. Caste System
    • Brahmans(priests)
    • Kshatriyas(warriors+landowners)
    • Vaisyas(merchants+artisans)
    • Sudras(farmers+laborers)
    • Pariahs(untouchables)
    • determined place in society+ occupation
    • no intermarrying
  9. Understanding the Vedas (3 stages)
    • 1. Brahmas (priests), rituals
    • 2. Brahmanas- commentaries on Vedas
    • 3. Upanishads- discussed nature of life, rebelled priestly power

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