admin-just ch 3-4
Card Set Information
admin-just ch 3-4
admin justice law
administration of justice study
is concerned with the disputes between private individuals and other entities?
involves the ___?____ duty to protect society by preventing and prosecuting crimes.
A_______ is a serious crime punishable by
e that a
year in priso
n or the death penalty,
A person found guilty of a __________ will usually spend less than a year in jail or pay a fine.
What do you call it when a homicide is premeditated and delivered?
First Degree Murder
If there is no premeditation or malice on the part of the offender toward the victim. The homicide is classified as what?
The FBI relies on the cooperation of law enforcement agencies across the nation to produce it annual what?
(UCR) Uniform Crime Report
The FBI often presents its findings to the public in terms of the frequency and __?___ with witch offenses occur for every 100,00 inhabitants of the united states.
Which offenses are more likely to be covered by the media?
which offenses are much more commonplace in the american crime landscape?
offenses (vandalism, loitering, prostitution, drunkenness, DUI, disorderly conduct)
which surveys rely on those who have been subjected to criminal activity to discuss the incidents with researchers?
what kind of surveys ask participants to detail
their own criminal behavior
which part of both methods show crime and the actual amount of crime that takes place in this country?
suggest that the amount of crime in this country is much what?
according to many experts, the
s that most strongly affect national crime figures are what?
(the three usual suspects of crime)
YOUTH POPULATION (18-24)
In the late
1980s and early 1990s
rising crimes rates seemed to be fueled by what
after declining precipitously in the 1990s and in the 2000s the U.S crime rate has been impressively what??
Flat rate (no change)
what part of the
does the American law has its roots when it comes to law and how it represents a set of legal principles that apply equally to all citizens?
Under this legal system once a judge made a ruling o
ther judges faced with similar cases followed
The practice of deciding new cases with reference to precedent is the basis for a doctrine called what?
What is the name the supreme law of this county?
The U.S. constitution
Any law that
violates the constitution
will be declared by the united states supreme court a what?
Laws enacted by the Legislative
bodies are know as what?
the body of
laws created by judicial
decision is known as what kind of law?
what is the primary
legal function of the law
is to what?
maintain social order
protecting citizens from Criminal harm.
promote social value
proof that a
crime has been committed is established through the elements of the crime
which include the what?
ACTUS REUS (a guilty prohibited act)
the physical act of a crime or the intent to commit a crime has to be concurrence of the guilty act and the guilty intent are what?
MENS REA (a wrongful mental state)
Defendant is guilty regardless of their state of mind at the time of the act ( traffic ticket violation)
Strict liability crimes (even if no intent to commit act)
what do u call the
facts surrounding a criminal event with some crimes these facts must be proven
to convict the defendant of the crime.
attendant circumstances (must be
proven beyond reasonable doub
criminal law recognizes that a defendant may
not be responsible
for a criminal act if her or his mental state was impaired by what ?
or intoxication do to drugs or alcohol
Defendants may also
in committing an act that they would not otherwise have performed or because they acting to
protect themselves from deadly harm
also called what?
what is it called when a government agent d
eceives a defendant into committing a crime
a basic procedure that
the accused is found in what of the
THE BILL OF RIGHTS
according to this
no person shall be deprived of life liberty without what of the law?
of the law
this means that the
by which the law is carried out must be f
air and orderly
and the laws themselves must be what?
s if these rights have been violated?
the U.S SUPREME COURT.