Ions -- Chemical Nomenclature

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brokenfan
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104179
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Ions -- Chemical Nomenclature
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2011-09-25 18:50:34
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AP Chemistry Ionic Chemical Nomenclature
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AP Chem
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  1. hydride
    H-1
  2. fluoride
    F-1
  3. chloride
    Cl-1
  4. bromide
    Br-1
  5. iodide
    I-1
  6. astatide
    At-1
  7. oxide
    O-2
  8. sulfide
    S-2
  9. sellenide
    Se-2
  10. telluride
    Te-2
  11. nitride
    N-3
  12. phosphide
    P-3
  13. arsenide
    As-3
  14. carbide
    C-4
  15. silicide
    Si-4
  16. hydrogen carbonate/bicarbonate
    HCO3-1
  17. hydrogen sulfate/bisulfate
    HSO4-1
  18. hydrogen sulfite/bisulfite
    HSO3-1
  19. monohydrogen phosphate
    HPO4-2
  20. dihydrogen phosphate
    H2PO4-1
  21. hydrogen oxalate/binoxalate
    HC2O4-1
  22. hydrogen phthalate/biphthalate
    HC8H4O4-1
  23. thiocyanate
    SCN-1
  24. thiosulfate
    S2O3-2
  25. nitrate
    NO3-1
  26. nitrite
    NO2-1
  27. perchlorate
    ClO4-1
  28. chlorate
    ClO3-1
  29. chlorite
    ClO2-1
  30. hypochlorite
    ClO-1
  31. perbromate
    BrO4-1
  32. bromate
    BrO3-1
  33. bromite
    BrO2-1
  34. hypobromite
    BrO-1
  35. periodate
    IO4-1
  36. iodate
    IO3-1
  37. iodite
    IO2-1
  38. hypoiodite
    IO-1
  39. permanganate
    MnO4-1
  40. manganate
    MnO3-1
  41. cyanate
    OCN-1
  42. acetate
    C2H3O2-1
  43. hydroxide
    OH-1
  44. cyanide
    CN-1
  45. sulfate
    SO4-2
  46. sulfite
    SO3-2
  47. chromate
    CrO4-2
  48. chromite
    CrO3-2
  49. dichromate
    Cr2O7-2
  50. carbonate
    CO3-2
  51. oxalate
    C2O4-2
  52. phthalate
    C8H4O4-2
  53. peroxide
    O2-2
  54. perborate
    BO4-3
  55. borate
    BO3-3
  56. phosphate
    PO4-3
  57. phosphite
    PO3-3
  58. arsenate
    AsO4-3
  59. arsenite
    AsO3-3
  60. silicate
    SiO4-4
  61. hydrogen
    H+1
  62. lithium
    Li+1
  63. sodium
    Na+1
  64. potassium
    K+1
  65. rubidium
    Rb+1
  66. cesium
    Cs+1
  67. francium
    Fr+1
  68. ammonium
    NH4+1
  69. silver
    Ag+1
  70. copper (I) or cuprous
    Cu+1
  71. gold (I) or aurous
    Au+1
  72. mercury (I) or mercurous
    (Hg+1) in Hg2+2
  73. beryllium
    Be+2
  74. magnesium
    Mg+2
  75. calcium
    Ca+2
  76. strontium
    Sr+2
  77. barium
    Ba+2
  78. radium
    Ra+2
  79. zinc
    Zn+2
  80. cadmium
    Cd+2
  81. copper (II) or cupric
    Cu+2
  82. mercury (II) or mercuric
    Hg+2
  83. chromium (II) or chromous
    Cr+2
  84. manganese (II) or manganous
    Mn+2
  85. iron (II) or ferrous
    Fe+2
  86. cobalt (II) or cobaltous
    Co+2
  87. nickel (II) or nickelous
    Ni+2
  88. tin (II) or stannous
    Sn+2
  89. lead (II) or plumbous
    Pb+2
  90. aluminum
    Al+3
  91. gold (III) or auric
    Au+3
  92. chromium (III) or chromic
    Cr+3
  93. manganese (III) or manganic
    Mn+3
  94. iron (III) or ferric
    Fe+3
  95. cobalt (III) or cobaltic
    Co+3
  96. nickel (III) or nickelic
    Ni+3
  97. cerium (III) or cerous
    Ce+3
  98. arsenic (III) or arsenous
    As+3
  99. antimony (III) or antimonous
    Sb+3
  100. bismuth (III) or bismuthous
    Bi+3
  101. tin (IV) or stannic
    Sn+4
  102. lead (IV) or plumbic
    Pb+4
  103. cerium (IV) or ceric
    Ce+4
  104. arsenic (V) or arsenic
    As+5
  105. antimony (V) or antimonic
    Sb+5
  106. bismuth (V) or bismuthic
    Bi+5
  107. copper (I) or cuprous
    copper (II) or cupric
    • Cu+1
    • Cu+2
  108. gold (I) or aurous
    gold (II) or auric
    • Au+1
    • Au+2
  109. mercury (I) or mercurous
    mercury (II) or mercuric
    • Hg2+2
    • Hg2
  110. chromium (II) or chromous
    chromium (III) or chromic
    • Cr+2
    • Cr+3
  111. manganese (II) or manganous
    manganese (III) or manganic
    • Mn+2
    • Mn+3
  112. iron (II) or ferrous
    iron (III) or ferric
    • Fe+2
    • Fe+3
  113. cobalt (II) or cobaltous
    cobalt (III) or cobaltic
    • Co+2
    • Co+3
  114. nickel (II) or nickelous
    nickel (III) or nicelic
    • Ni+2
    • Ni+3
  115. tine (II) or stannous
    tine (IV) or stannic
    • Sn+2
    • Sn+4
  116. lead (II) or plumbous
    lead (IV) or plumbic
    • Pb+2
    • Pb+4
  117. cerrium (III) or cerous
    cerrium (IV) or ceric
    • Ce+3
    • Ce+4
  118. arsenic (III) or arsenous
    arsenic (V) or arsenic
    • As+3
    • As+5
  119. antimony (III) or antimonous
    antimony (V) or antimonic
    • Sb+3
    • Sb+5
  120. bismuth (III) or bismuthous
    bismuth (V) or bismuthic
    • Bi+3
    • Bi+5
  121. Binary Acids
    molecular compunds beginning with hydrogen and ending with another nonmetal or possibly a metalloid
  122. Binary Acid --> Monatomic Anions
    To make the acids intomonatomic anions, remove the hydrogens -- one at a time. Each hydrogen removed leaves the anion with a -1charge.
  123. Binary Acid Naming Rule
    hydro prefix - root of 2nd element -ic suffix acid
  124. Binary Acid Anion Naming Rule
    drop the prefix and the word acid, change the suffix to -ide
  125. HF
    hydroflouric acid
  126. F-1
    flouride
  127. HCl
    hydrochloric acid
  128. Cl-1
    chloride
  129. HBr
    hydrobromic acid
  130. Br-1
    bromide
  131. HI
    hydroiodic acid
  132. I-1
    iodide
  133. HCN
    hydrocyanic acid
  134. CN-1
    cyanide
  135. H2S
    hydrosulfuric acid
  136. HS-1
    hydrogen sulfide or bisulfide
  137. S-2
    sulfide
  138. HN3
    hydrazoic acid
  139. N3-1
    azide
  140. HF-->ion
    acid-->F-1
  141. HCl-->ion
    acid-->Cl-1
  142. HBr-->ion
    acid-->Br-1
  143. HI-->ion
    acid-->I-1
  144. HCN-->ion
    acid-->CN-1
  145. H2S-->ion
    acid-->HS-1
  146. HN3-->ion
    acid-->N3-1
  147. Ternary Acids or Oxy-Acids
    contain three or more elements- start with hydrogen, end with oxygen, and have another nonmetal or metalloid in between
  148. Ternary Acids or Oxy-Acids --> Polyatomic Anions
    To make the acids into polyatomic anions, remove the hydrogens -- one at a time.Each hydrogen removed leaves the anion with a -1 charge.
  149. Ternary Acid Anion Naming Rule
    drop the word acid, change -ic suffix to -ate, change -ous suffix to -ite
  150. H2CO3
    carbonic acid
  151. H3BO3
    boric acid
  152. H4SiO4
    silicic acid
  153. HNO3
    nitric acid
  154. H2SO4
    sulfuric acid
  155. H2S2O3
    thiosulfuric acid
  156. H2CrO4
    chromic acid
  157. H2Cr2O7
    dichromic acid
  158. H3PO4
    phosphoric acid
  159. H3AsO4
    arsenic acid
  160. HclO3
    chloric acid
  161. HBrO3
    bromic acid
  162. HIO3
    iodic acid
  163. HMnO3
    manganic acid
  164. HOCN
    cyanic acid
  165. HSCN
    thiocyanic acid
  166. H2C2O4
    oxalic acid
  167. H2C8H4O4
    phthalic acid
  168. HC2H3O2
    acetic acid
  169. H(NH2)SO3
    sulfamic acid

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