Important Gastrointestincal Definitions

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Author:
kerickson22
ID:
104189
Filename:
Important Gastrointestincal Definitions
Updated:
2011-09-25 14:08:06
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J1 Module III
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Nursing of Adults Test 3
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  1. Achalasia
    Absent or ineffective peristalsis (wavelike contraction) of the distal esophagus accompanied by failure of the esophageal sphincter to relax in response to swallowing.
  2. Dysphagia
    Difficulty swallowing
  3. Gastroesophageal reflux
    back-flow of gastric or duodenal contents into the esophagus
  4. Hernia
    Portion of an organ or part of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it.
  5. Lithotripsy
    Use of shock waves to break up or disintegrate stones
  6. Parotitis
    inflammation of the parotid gland
  7. Periapical abscess
    Abscessed tooth
  8. Sialagenitis
    inflammation of the salivary glands
  9. Temporomandibular disorders
    a group of conditions that cause pain or dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint or surrounding structures.
  10. Xerostomia
    Dry Mouth
  11. Aspiration
    accidentally breathing fluids or foods into the trachea and lungs; removal of substance by suction.
  12. Dumping syndrome
    physiologic response to rapid emptying of gastric contents into the jejunum, manifested by nausea, weakness, sweating, palpitations, syncope and possible diarrhea. Occurs in patients who have had partial gastrectomy and gastrojejunostomy.
  13. Gastrostomy
    surgical creation of an opening into the stomach for the purpose of administering foods and fluids.
  14. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
    an endoscopic procedure for placing a permanent feeding tube into the stomach.
  15. Hematemesis
    Vomiting blood
  16. Melena
    tarry or black stools indicative of blood in stools
  17. Pyrosis
    Heartburn
  18. Dyspepsia
    indigestion, gaseousness, fullness or pain that is gnawing or burning in quality and localized to the upper abdomen or chest.
  19. passage of gross blood per
    rectum
    Hematochezia
  20. functional disorder that affects frequency of defecation and/or consistency of stool; associated with crampy abdominal pain and bloating
    Irritable bowel syndrome
  21. surgical opening into the ileum by means of a stoma to allow drainage of bowel contents; one type of fecal diversion
    Ileostomy
  22. excess of nitrogenous matter in the feces or urine
    Azotorrhea
  23. inflammation of a diverticulum form obstruction (by fecal matter) resulting in abscess formation
    Diverticulitis
  24. dilated portions of the anal veins; can occur inside or outside of the anal sphincter.
    Hemorrhoids
  25. sac-like outpouching of the lining of the bowel protruding through the muscle of the intestinal wall; usually caused by high intraluminal pressure.
    Diverticulum
  26. surgical opening into the colon by means of a stoma to allow drainage of bowel contents; one type of fecal diversion
    Colostomy
  27. impaired transport across the mucosa
    Malabsorption
  28. 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight
    Morbid Obesity
  29. inflammation of the stomach
    Gastritis
  30. difficulty in defecation
    Dyschezia

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