Jazz Exam 1
Card Set Information
Jazz Exam 1
Jazz History appreciation
MUSI 135 Test One
Makes you want to tap your toes and clap your hands
Components of swing
(polka, rock, waltzes, bluegrass)
-A constant temp
-Cohesive group sound, every member's playing is synchronized with that of every other member.
-Rythmic Lilt, good rythmic groove.
Components of Swing
-Abundance of synchopated rhythms
-Swing Eighth-note pattern (shorter buy louder and's (1 AND 2 AND..)
-Alternation of tension and relaxation in the listener
A performance contains improvisation and convey Jazz swing feeling.
One playing through of a chord progression
Band starts playing as though tempo were doubled its original rate
-Walking Bass (a note every beat)
Piano, Vibes, Guitar, Banjo
Variation of the melody
One person keeps the beat while soloing alone.
Skills possessed by improvisor
-Remember chord changes
-create phrases compatible with chord changes
-edit his work. Each improvasion make a clear statement.
-Think ahead so phrases will fit well
-Remember what he's played
-Swing with tempo of the piece
-Respond to the rythmic figures of his accompanists
Creoles of color
African-French, lived in French quarter. Wealthy, educated. Later would be oppressed by Jim Crow laws
Evolved from vocal tradition. Pre-gospel. work songs (call and response), Street vendors
Most popular dance music by 1900. Synchopation, banjo influenced
First great improvised solist
Instrument: Trumpet, Vocal
Right along with Armstrong, know from his solos
Original Dixieland Jazz Band
First Jazz recording in Chicago (All white, Non-improvised, 1917)
James P Johnson
Pianoist. First great stride style player.
Carries the melody
"Jelly Roll" Morton
First major jazz composer. first to let notes have swinging feeling. Blends the improvised and composed flawlessly
Worked with Louis a lot, had a radio show for 11 years
White, Trumpet. Harmonically more advanced then Louis Armstrong.
C Melody Sax, "Cool Approach"
Trombone, first to solo with a trombone
playing notes that serve to keep time for the band as well as outlining the chord progression being followed by the improviesors