Vital signs terms

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  1. Antipyretic
    An agent that reduces fever
  2. Apnea
    Temporary cessation of breathing and, therefore, of the body's intake of oxygen and release of carbon dioxide.
  3. Arrhythmia
    Irregularity or loss of rhythm, esp. of the heart
  4. Blood Pressure
    The tension exerted on the walls of arteries by the strength of the contraction of the heart; the resistance of arterioles and capilaries; the elasticity of blood vessels
  5. Bradycardia
    A slow hearbeat marked by a pulse rate below 60 beats per minute in an adult
  6. Bradypnea
    Abnormally slow breathing
  7. Cardiac output
    The amount of blood discharged from the left or right ventricle per minute.
  8. Circadian rhythm
    Events that occur at approx. 24 hour intervals, such as certain physiological phenomena.
  9. Diastolic Pressure
    • Diastolic blood pressure, represented by the
    • bottom number in a blood pressure reading, is when your heart
    • is resting.
  10. Dyspnea
    Difficulty in breathing, often associated with lung or heart disease and resulting in shortness of breath. Also called air hunger
  11. Diaphoresis
    Perspiration especially when copious and medically induced.
  12. Expiration
    Expulsion of air from the lungs in breathing.
  13. Eupnea
    Normal, unimpaired respiration
  14. Fever of unknown origin
    refers to a condition in which the patient has an elevated temperature but despite investigations by a physician no explanation has been found.
  15. Hyperpyrexia
    An elevation of body temperature that is markedly abnormal. May be caused by hot baths, diathermy, or hot air
  16. Hypertension
    A condition in which the BP is higher then 140 mmHg systolic or 90 mm Hg diastolic on three seperate readings recorded several weeks apart
  17. Hyperthermia
    Body temperature elevated above the normal range; an unusually high fever
  18. Hypotension
    A decrease of the systolic and diastolic blood pressure to below normal.
  19. Hypoxemia
    Decreased Oxygen tension (oxygen concentration) of arterial blood, meaured by arterial oxygen partial pressures values.
  20. Inspiration
    Inhalation; drawing air into the lungs
  21. Korotkoff sounds
    Sounds heard in ausculation of blood pressure
  22. Orthopnea
    Labored breathing that occurs when lying flat and improves when standing or sitting
  23. Meniscus
    Interarticular fibrocartilage of crescent shape, found in certain joints, especially the lateral and medial meniscui
  24. orthostatic hypotension
    A fall in blood pressure that occurs on standing up after lying down.
  25. Pulse
    Rate, rhythm, condition of arterial walls, compressibility and tension, and size and shpae of the fluid wave of blood traveling through the arteries as a result of each heartbeat
  26. Pulse defecit
    • The difference between the heart rate and the palpable
    • pulse, as is often seen in atrial
    • fibrillation.
  27. Pulse pressure
    The difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
  28. Pyrexia
  29. Pyrogens
    Any agent that causes fever
  30. Respirations
    The interchange of gases between an organism and the medium in which it lives
  31. Sphygmomanometer
    An instrument for determining arterial blood pressure indirectly
  32. Stridor
    A high-pitched harsh sound occuring during inspiration, often heard without the use of a stethescope
  33. Stroke Volume
    Changes in the amount of blood ejected from the left ventricle into the aorta with each heartbeat
  34. Systolic Pressure
    Systolic blood pressure
  35. Tachypnea
    Rapid breathing
  36. Temperature
    The degree of hotness or coldness of a substance
  37. Tidal Volume
    the volume of gas inhaled and exhaled during one respiratory cycle
  38. Vital Signs
    The pulse rate, temperature, and respiratory rate of an individual.
  39. Point of Maximum Impulse
    • the place where the apical pulse is palpated as strongest, often in the fifth
    • intercostal space of the thorax, just medial to the left midclavicular line.
Card Set:
Vital signs terms
2011-09-25 20:33:21

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