History 261

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  1. Explain the ways African American lives improved.
    • -Economy
    • 20% owned land by debt mannipulation.
    • Multilpe Jobs---->Borrow Money for Crop Implements--->Crop output goes up.
    • -Politics
    • Rise in Voting (Over 50% of AA men who were allowed voted)
    • Rise in AA holding offices
    • SC State Legislature in 1868 were aa majority of AA.
    • -Education
    • Literacy Rate Improved
  2. How did African Americans lives worsen?
    • -Economy
    • 60% were tennant farmers, sharecroppers and dealt with debt.
    • 20% were wage laborers.
    • -Politics
    • There weren't a lot of African Americans in Office
    • -Education
    • AA had segregated education.
  3. What's the Wade-Davis Bill? Why is it important?
    • The Wade-Davis Bill was the Radical Reconstruction Plan formed in 1864.
    • 1.) 50% of rebellious white male population have to supply an oath of loyalty.
    • 2.)All newly admitted states need to rewrite a new constitution.
    • -Who is qualified to write the new constitution?
    • *the one's who were NEVER involved in the rebellion.
    • 3.) Content-They must all get rid of slavery, ex-confederates cannot vote, if you lended moneey to a confederate you WILL NOT get paid back because you supported treason.
    • 4.) Occupation-All conferderate must be under military control until they are no longer a "foreign" country.
  4. Compromise of 1877. What is it? Why is it important?
    • The Compromise of 1877 was written to solve an issue of who becomes the President in 1876 election.
    • Committee of 15 men
    • -Submit a bill n who they think should be president.
    • -7 Democrats
    • -7 Republicans
    • -1 Individual
    • The Bill chooses Hayes 8 to 7
    • Democrats threaten to filibuster the Bill but in turn Republicans make a deal to...
    • 1.) Get Rid of Reconstruction
    • -Remove Troops
    • -Restore Political autonomy to the States
    • 2.) Appoint a Southerner
    • 3.) Federal Money for Infastructure
  5. Why is there no marxism in the US?
    • 1.) Divided Working Class
    • -race, ethnicity, gender, location, job skill
    • 2.)Political Particpation
    • -Voting
    • -Patronage
    • 3.) Promise of a better life
    • -"Americanism"
    • 4.) Class Permeabiltiy
    • 5.)Marx is a foreigner


  6. How do workers take control of the working class?
    -Class Conflict
    -Class Cooperation
    • Class Cooperation
    • -Skilled Laborers
    • -Native Born
    • -White
    • -Male
    • American Federation of Laborers (A.F.L)
    • *It was a union that adopted class cooperation. They were capitolist.
    • What does the A.F.L want?
    • -Higher Wages
    • -Shorter Work Day (10hr work day, 6 days a week)
    • -Recognize the Union
    • *Collective Bargining
    • -Limit Immigration
    • -Get rid of Anti-Union Laws
    • -New Corporatism---Philosophy with Workers
    • Class Conflict
    • -Breaking tools
    • -Feigning Illnesses
    • - Violence (Individual Acts)
    • -Boycotts
    • -Work Slowdowns
    • -Strikes
    • International Workers of the World (I.W.W)
    • *Adopted the Idea of class conflict
    • *Marxist revolutionaries
    • *Idea was to unify all workers
    • *Objective was to overthrow capitolism
    • *they beleived the workers' should own the factories, not hthe actual owners because the provide nothing to society.
    • *50,000 workers at their height
  7. Why did African American's move to Baltimore?
    • -Existing African American Society
    • -Jobs
    • *Brick Making
    • *Dock makers
    • *Canning (Industrial Food Production)
    • *Fishing
    • **Oystering
    • -Family
    • *Create and Preserve
    • *Atomized (broken into small pieces)
    • -Dissatisfaction
  8. What are the underlying causes of Imperialism?
    • 1.) Model-Westward Expansion
    • *People are rendered Powerless
    • * Flora and fauna----Gone
    • 2.) Expanding Economy
    • *More reliant on Exports
    • *50% of oil products of Standard Oil were exports
    • *25% of sewing machines made by Singer were exported.
    • *25% of written policies written by NY Life were overseas.
    • *1865-$234 million worth of Exports
    • *1890-$6.2 Billion worth of Exports
    • 3.) Shift in Government Policy
    • -Navy
    • *Most Ships were designed for local defense.
    • *USS Monitor--Iron Clad-Union Vessel-Only moved 6mph
    • -1875 Alfred Mahen wrote- The Influence of Sea Power upon History
    • -All New Ships for Navy
    • *Made of Steel
    • *Turrets with Breach Loading
    • *Guns with Armor Piercing shells
    • *Steam engines made the ships faster
    • *Ships ran on coal
    • -Land Aqusition
    • *Refueling stations for Naval and Civiallian Ships
    • 4.) Competition
    • * if the economy is weak, we have nothing.
  9. Explain the Venzuelan Crisis.
    • 1894
    • *Shows that the US is trying to control Latin America.
    • *Venezuela and Guianna were in constant battle over where the state borders were. One day a Venzuelan found a large piece of gold, the Guinna tried to claim it was their. US threatened war, Bristish backed off.
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104239
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History 261
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