anatomy.txt

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Author:
steeven13
ID:
104271
Filename:
anatomy.txt
Updated:
2011-09-27 00:19:42
Tags:
Anatomy Psychology Physiology
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Description:
Anatomical directions specific to the brain/CNS
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  1. Neuraxis
    An imaginary line drawn through the center of the length of the central nervous system, from the bottom of the spinal cord to the front of the forebrain
  2. Anterior
    With respect to the central nervous system, located near or towards the head
  3. Posterior
    With respect to the central nervous system, located near or towards the tail
  4. Rostral
    "Towards the beak"; in a direction along the neuraxis away from the front of the face
  5. Caudal
    "Towards the tail"; in a direction along the neuraxis away from the front of the face
  6. Dorsal
    "Towards the back"; in a direction perpendicular to the neuraxis towards the top of the head or the back
  7. Ventral
    "Towards the belly"; in a direction perpendicular to the neuraxis towards the bottom of the skull or the front surface of the body
  8. Lateral
    Towards the side of the body, away from the middle
  9. Medial
    Towards the middle of the body, away from the side
  10. Ipsilateral
    Located on the same side of the body
  11. Contralateral
    Located on the opposite side of the body
  12. Cross Section
    With respect to the central nervous system, a slice taken at right angles to the neuraxis
  13. Frontal Section
    A slice through the brain parallel to the ground
  14. Horizontal Section
    A slice through the brain parallel to the ground
  15. Sagittal Section
    A slice through the brain parallel to the neuraxis and perpendicluar to the ground
  16. Midsagittal Plane
    The plane through the neuraxis perpendicular to the ground; divides the brain into two symmetrical halves

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