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traditional (conservative view)
- accepts the biblical documents at face value
- allows for supernatural
- acknowledges the authority of the church fathers
- takes the bible as revelation
modern (liberal) view
- doesn't accept the biblical claims at face value
- does not allow for supernatural
- the authority of the tradition rejected
- takes the Bible as the product of evolution
JEDP theory is also know as the?
Who came up with the JEDP theory?
What does the "J" in JEDP stand for?
Jahwist; written in Judah 950 BC
what does the "E" in JEDP stand for?
Elohist; written in Israel 850 BC
what does the "D" in JEDP stand for?
Deuteronomist; written in Jerusalem 621 BC
what does the "P" in JEDP stand for?
Priestly 450 BC
What are 3 problems with Wellhausen's theory
- faulty assumptions
- no evidence
- no consensus
What are some examples of the OT proven true
- the existence of Ninevah
- Belshazzar and his position
- existence of the Hittites
Where did Moses write down the first 3 books of the OT
on Mount Sinai
what did "canon" originally mean?
"reed" and then "measuring stick"
How long did it take for the canon to develop?
What does "to this day" imply when we read the text
that there were editorial comments were added
when with the OT canon completed
about 400 BC
How many books are there in the OT
What other books were written that were not added to the OT canon?
What is apocrypha also known as?
deuterocanonical- officially accepted by the Roman Catholis Church; second canon
what does pseudepigrapha mean?
falsely attributes authorship to a well-known biblical figure
What is the septuagint (LXX)
Greek translation on the OT
How many Jewish scholars translated the Septuagint?
Where was the Septuagint translated and when?
- Alexandria, Egypt
- 3rd c. BC
How much time did it take to collect the NT writings?
early 2nd c.
When did they close the new canon
at the 3rd coucil of Carthage in AD 397
until 1948, when were the oldest Hebrew manuscripts from?
What happened in 1948 that had a huge effect on the bible?
the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls?
How many different scrolls were there?
about 825 to 870
Who were the dead sea scrolls written by?
Essenes during 200 BC-68 AD
What were the dead sea scrolls found in?
How many manuscripts are from the NT?
how identical is the current NT to the oldest manuscripts?