The process through which indv-s and groupds reach agrrement on a course of common, or collective , action-even as they disagree on the intended goals of that action.
The efforts of a group to reach and implement agreements
A. Neither of you rat both get 1yr
B. Both of you rat get 2yrs
C. They rat you stay quiet you serve 10yrs
D. You rat then don't they serve 10 yrs
What is the other person going to do?
Tradgedy of the Commons
Freeriding. When a person avoids helping the common good, but reaps the benefits.
Time, effort, and resources it takes to make a collective decision.
the difference between what a person idealy would perfer and what a group w/which that person makes a collective decision actually does.Indv-s pay conformity costs whenever the collective decisions produce policy outcomes that don't serve their intrests
The capacity to set the choices availble to others.
Blending of delegation w/majority rule.
Citizens directly in collective decision making is reserved primarliy for sm communities and organ-ations.
some degree of pop controland also avoid tyranny
A form of gov in which the cheif executive is vvhoosen by the majority party or by coalation of parties in legislation
the grp of advisors picked by the president to head the major divisions of the federal gov
seperation of powers
The distribution of gov powers among several political institutions
An alliance of un-minded ind-s or grps to achieve some common purpose
benifeits and serveices in which the owner has full control over their use
collectivley produced and freely availble for everyone's use
collectivley produced and freely availble.
same as public goods
power is given by a state to a locality to encat legislation and manage its own affairs locally
Articles of confederation
the compact among the frst 13 original states that formed the basis of the first national gov of the US
A political sys in which states or regional govs retain ultimate authority except for those powers they expressly delegate to a central gov
was an armed uprising in central and western Massachusetts (mainly Springfield) from 1786 to 1787. The rebellion is named after Daniel Shays, a veteran of theAmerican Revolutionary War.
consititutional reformes led by james madison and alexander hamilton. who sought to replace the articles of confederation
Citizens delegation of auth to their agents in gov, w/the ability to resicind that auth
Consitution blue print drafted by james madison sought to reform the articles of confederation
New Jersey Plan
checks and balences
take care clause
Bill of rights
2. a loosey organ grpthat opposed the ratification of the constitution, which the grp belived would jeopardize indv freedom states.
race to the bottom
Political action committes PACs
speaker of the house
presidential pro tempore
unanimous consent agreements
ad hoc committees
A congressional committee appointedfor a limited time to designand report a specific peice of legislation