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What is a risk-benefit analysis in research?
- Must calculate potential risks and benefits in conducting a study
- Potential Risks - Psychological or Physical harm
- Potential Benefits - benefits to society, direct benefits to the participant, payment and gifts (but never too much)
What is an informed consent form? What should it include?
- Potential participants are informed about the study in a written format
- Can choose to participate or decline
- Must include: purpose of the study, risks and benefits, their right to refuse to participate at any time
- Autonomy issues
- Minors must complete assent, parents complete consent
Do minors have to complete informed consent forms? What about their parents?
- No - minors complete assent
- Parents complete consent
Who are the special populations that must be protected in research?
- Pregnant women
How and why is deception used in research?
- Necessary when providing too much information can impact the results
- Deception about purpose of the study
- Deception within the study
What is debriefing? What should it include?
- Debriefing - Explanation of the purposes of the research that is given to participants following their participation in the research
- Occurs after the completion of the study
- Explanation of any deception used
- explain purpose of study and expected results
- Make sure that any altered physical or psychological state occurred returns to normal
What is the IRB?
- IRB - Institutional Review Board
- Reviews all research within that institution
- Usually made up of faculty members
- All institutions that receive federal funding must have one
List and describe the risk levels in research.
- Exempt research
- Minimal Risk
- Greater than minimal risk
Risks in Psychological Research
- Physical Harm
- Loss of privacy and confidentiality