OB test 1- chp 2 def

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OB test 1- chp 2 def
2011-09-26 14:59:03
Org Behavior Richardon Van Scotter

definitions from chp 2 (personality and values)
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  1. personality
    • the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his envirnment.
    • the sum of total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others.
  2. heredity
    refers to factors determined at conception
  3. personality traits
    characteristics of exhibited in a lare number of situations
  4. Myers-Briggs TYpe indicator
    • most widely used personality assessment instrument
    • extrovert vs introvert
    • sensing vs intuitive
    • thinking vs feeling
    • judging vs perceiving
  5. Big 5 personality model
    • extraversion
    • agreeableness
    • conscientiousness
    • emotional stability
    • openness to experience
  6. core sef-evaluation
    people differ in the degree to which they like or dis-like themselves ad whether they see themselves as capable and effective. this self perspective is the concept of cor self-evaluation
  7. self-monitoring
    refers to an individuals ability to adjust his or her behavior to external situational factors.
  8. Type A personality
    people who are excessivley competitive and always seem to be experiencing a high sense of urgency
  9. Proactive personality
    • people that activley take initiative to improve their current circumstances or create new ones while others sit by passively reacting to situations.
    • identify opportunity, show initiative, take action
  10. Values
    represent basic conviction that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferrabel to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state existence.
  11. value system
    individuals values ranked in terms of their intensity
  12. terminal values
    refers to desirable end-states
  13. instrumental values
    refers to preferable modes of behavior ot means of acheiving the terminal values.
  14. personality job-fit theory
    John Holland's theory - effort to match job requirements with personality characteristics
  15. Hofstede's Framework for assessing cultures
    • power distance
    • individualism vs collectivism
    • masculinity vs femininity
    • uncertainty vs avoidance
    • long-term orientation vs short-term orientation